Índex d'insulina

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L'índex d'insulina és una mesura usada per quantificar la resposta típica a la insulina de diversos aliments. Es basa en els nivell d'insulina a la sang.

Holt et al. s'adonaren que els resultats de glucosa i insulina de la majoria dels aliments estan altament correlacinats,.[1] Van concloure que els índexs d'insulina podien ser útils per la gestió de la dieta i per evitar la diabetis mellitus no insulino-dependent i la hiperlipidèmia.

Explicació de l'índex[modifica | modifica el codi]

L'índex d'insulina mostra quanta insulina és present en la sang com a resultat d'un aliment particular, l'índex de glucosa mostra quanta glucosa és present a la sang com a resultat d'un aliment particular, i l'índex de sacietat mostra com un aliment particular disminueix la propensió a menjar més.

l pa blanc serveix de referència (100)


+/- indiquen dades incertes.

Mitjana de glucosa,[2] insulin[2] i resultats de sacietat[3]
Aliment Tipus d'aliment Resultat de glucosa Resultat d'insulina Resultat de sacietat
All-Bran Cereal d'esmorzar &000000000000004000000040 ± 7 &000000000000003200000032 ± 4 &0000000000000151000000151
Porridge Cereal d'esmorzar &000000000000006000000060 ± 12 &000000000000004000000040 ± 4 &0000000000000209000000209
Muesli Cereal d'esmorzar &000000000000004300000043 ± 7 &000000000000004600000046 ± 5 &0000000000000100000000100
Special K Cereal d'esmorzar &000000000000007000000070 ± 9 &000000000000006600000066 ± 5 &0000000000000116000000116
Honeysmacks Cereal d'esmorzar &000000000000006000000060 ± 7 &000000000000006700000067 ± 6 &0000000000000132000000132
Sustain Cereal d'esmorzar &000000000000006600000066 ± 6 &000000000000007100000071 ± 6 &0000000000000112000000112
Cornflakes Cereal d'esmorzar &000000000000007600000076 ± 11 &000000000000007500000075 ± 8 &0000000000000118000000118
Average: Breakfast Cereal &000000000000005900000059 ± 3 &000000000000005700000057 ± 3 &0000000000000134000000134
Pa blanc (referència) Ric en carbohidrats &0000000000000100000000100 ± 0 &0000000000000100000000100 ± 0 &0000000000000100000000100
Pasta blanca Rica en carbohidrats &000000000000004600000046 ± 10 &000000000000004000000040 ± 5 &0000000000000119000000119
Pasta marró Rica en carbohidrats &000000000000006800000068 ± 10 &000000000000004000000040 ± 5 &0000000000000188000000188
Pa de llavors[n 1] Ric en carbohidrats &000000000000006000000060 ± 12 &000000000000005600000056 ± 6 &0000000000000154000000154
Arròs marró Ric en carbohidrats &0000000000000104000000104 ± 18 &000000000000006200000062 ± 11 &0000000000000132000000132
Patates fregides Ric en carbohidrats &000000000000007100000071 ± 16 &000000000000007400000074 ± 12 &0000000000000116000000116
Arròs blanc Ric en carbohidrats &0000000000000110000000110 ± 15 &000000000000007900000079 ± 12 &0000000000000138000000138
Pa whole-meal[n 2] Ric en carbohidrats &000000000000009700000097 ± 17 &000000000000009600000096 ± 12 &0000000000000157000000157
Patates Ric en carbohidrats &0000000000000141000000141 ± 35 &0000000000000121000000121 ± 11 &0000000000000323000000323
Mitjana: Ric en carbohidrats &000000000000008800000088 ± 6 &000000000000007400000074 ± 8 &0000000000000158556000158,556
Ous &000000000000004200000042 ± 16 &000000000000003100000031 ± 6 &0000000000000150000000150
Formatge Ric en proteïna &000000000000005500000055 ± 18 &000000000000004500000045 ± 13 &0000000000000146000000146
Ric en proteïna &000000000000002100000021 ± 8 &000000000000005100000051 ± 16 &0000000000000176000000176
Lentilles Ric en proteïna &000000000000006200000062 ± 22 &000000000000005800000058 ± 12 &0000000000000133000000133
Peix Ric en proteïna &000000000000002800000028 ± 13 &000000000000005900000059 ± 18 &0000000000000225000000225
Fesols cuits Ric en proteïna &0000000000000114000000114 ± 18 &0000000000000120000000120 ± 19 &0000000000000168000000168
Mitjana: Ric en proteïna &000000000000005400000054 ± 7 &000000000000006100000061 ± 7 &0000000000000166332999166,333
Pmes Fruit &000000000000005000000050 ± 6 &000000000000005900000059 ± 4 &0000000000000197000000197
taronja Fruit &000000000000003900000039 ± 7 &000000000000006000000060 ± 3 &0000000000000202000000202
Bananes Fruit &000000000000007900000079 ± 10 &000000000000008100000081 ± 5 &0000000000000118000000118
Raïm Fruit &000000000000007400000074 ± 9 &000000000000008200000082 ± 6 &0000000000000162000000162
Mitjana: Fruit &000000000000006100000061 ± 5 &000000000000007100000071 ± 3 &0000000000000169750000169,75
Cacauets Snack &000000000000001200000012 ± 4 &000000000000002000000020 ± 5 &000000000000008400000084
Crispetes Snack &000000000000006200000062 ± 16 &000000000000005400000054 ± 9 &0000000000000154000000154
Patates xips Snack &000000000000005200000052 ± 9 &000000000000006100000061 ± 14 &000000000000009100000091
Gelat Snack &000000000000007000000070 ± 19 &000000000000008900000089 ± 13 &000000000000009600000096
Yogurt Snack &000000000000006200000062 ± 15 &0000000000000115000000115 ± 13 &000000000000008800000088
Barra Mars Snack &000000000000007900000079 ± 13 &0000000000000122000000122 ± 15 &000000000000007000000070
Jellybeans Snack &0000000000000118000000118 ± 18 &0000000000000160000000160 ± 16 &0000000000000118000000118[n 3]
Mitjana: Snack &000000000000006500000065 ± 6 &000000000000008900000089 ± 7 &0000000000000100142857100,142857
Donuts Pastisseria &000000000000006300000063 ± 12 &000000000000007400000074 ± 9 &000000000000006800000068
Croissants Pastisseria &000000000000007400000074 ± 9 &000000000000007900000079 ± 14 &000000000000004700000047
Cake Pastisseria &000000000000005600000056 ± 14 &000000000000008200000082 ± 12 &000000000000006500000065
Crackers Pastisseria &0000000000000118000000118 ± 24 &000000000000008700000087 ± 12 &0000000000000127000000127
Galetes cookies Pastisseria &000000000000007400000074 ± 11 &000000000000009200000092 ± 15 &0000000000000120000000120
Mitjana: Productes de pastisseria &000000000000007700000077 ± 7 &000000000000008300000083 ± 5 &000000000000008540000085,4
Mitjana: Mitjana &000000000000006733299967,333 ± 5.667 &000000000000007250000072,5 ± 5.5 &0000000000000135696957135,696958
Mitjana: TOTAL &000000000000006884210068,8421 ± 12.7105 &000000000000007226315872,263158 ± 9.5 &0000000000000136052631136,052632
Aliment Tipus d'aliment Resultat de glucosa Resultat d'insulina Resultat de sacietat
  1. Rye bread containing 47% kibbled rye, Holt et al.
  2. Bread made from whole-meal wheat flour, Holt et al.
  3. the authors of the satiety study [Holt et al.,1995] stated that the amount of jellybeans consumed tended to make participants nauseated which may have produced an erroneous satiety score.

vegeu tambéo[modifica | modifica el codi]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. There Is a Cure for Diabetes: The Tree of Life 21-Day+ Program. Gabriel Cousens, David Rainoshek. North Atlantic Books; January 8, 2008. ISBN 1556436912]
  2. 2,0 2,1 Holt, Susanne H.A.; Brand-Miller, Janette Cecile; Petocz, Peter. «An insulin index of foods: the insulin demand generated by 1000-kJ portions of common foods» (PDF). the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. The American Society for Clinical Nutrition, Inc, vol. 66, 5, 1996.11.21, pàg. 1264–1276 [Consulta: 2 juny 2011].
  3. Holt, Susanne H.A.; Brand-Miller, Janette Cecile; Petocz, Peter; Farmakalidis, E.. «A satiety index of common foods». European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 49, 9, 1995, pàg. 675–690. PMID: 7498104.
  • Mäkeläinen, H, The effect of β-glucan on the glycemic and insulin index, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 6 December 2006