Amphiprion frenatus

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Amphiprion frenatus
Tomato Clownfish.jpg
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Ordre: Perciformes
Família: Pomacentridae
Gènere: Amphiprion
(Bloch & Schneider, 1801)[1]
Espècie: A. frenatus
Nom binomial
Amphiprion frenatus
(Brevoort, 1856)[2]
Sinònims
  • Prochilus polylepis (Bleeker, 1877)[3]

Amphiprion frenatus és una espècie de peix de la família dels pomacèntrids i de l'ordre dels perciformes.[4]

Morfologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

Reproducció[modifica | modifica el codi]

És monògam[7] i hermafrodita.[8]

Hàbitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

Viu a zones de clima tropical (25°N-35°S ), associat als esculls de corall, a 1-12 de fondària[5] i en simbiosi amb l'anemone Entacmaea quadricolor.[9]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es troba a l'oest del Pacífic: des del Golf de Tailàndia fins al sud-oest de Palau, el sud del Japó i Java.[5]

Observacions[modifica | modifica el codi]

Pot ésser criat en captivitat.[10][11][12][13]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Bloch M. E. & Schneider J. G. 1801. M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini. Sumtibus Auctoris Impressum et Bibliopolio Sanderiano Commissum. Systema Ichthyol. . i-lx + 1-584. Pls. 1-110.
  2. Brevoort, J. C. 1856. Notes on some figures of Japanese fish taken from recent specimens by the artists of the U. S. Japan Expedition. Pp. 253-288, Pls. 3-12 (color) A M. C. Perry, Narrative of the Expedition of an American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan, performed in the years 1852, 1853, and 1854 under the command of Commodore M. C. Perry, United States Navy, by order of the Government of the United States. Vol. 2. U.S. Senate Ex. Doc. Núm. 79, 33rd Congress, 2nd Session. Beverley Tucker, Washington DC, Perry Exped. v. 2: [i-viii] + 1-414 + 1-14 + I-XI + [1], 17 folded charts, Pls.
  3. «Amphiprion frenatus». Catalogue of Life. (anglès)
  4. The Taxonomicon (anglès)
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 FishBase (anglès)
  6. Lieske, E. i R. Myers 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p.
  7. Whiteman, E.A. i I.M. Côté 2004. Monogamy in marine fishes. Biol. Rev. 79:351-375.
  8. Allsop, D.J. i S.A. West 2003. Constant relative age and size at sex change for sequentially hermaphroditic fish. J. Evol. Biol. 16(2003):921-929.
  9. Fautin, D.G. i G.R. Allen 1992. Field guide to anemonefishes and their host sea anemones. Western Australian Museum, Francis Street, Perth.
  10. Gardner, T.R. 1997. Commercial breeding of the dottybacks. Seascope 14:1-2.
  11. Juhl, T. 1992. Commercial breeding of anemonefishes. Seascope 9:1-4.
  12. Miyagawa, K. 1989. Experimental analysis of the symbiosis between anemonefishes and sea anemones. Ethology 80:19-46.
  13. Moe, A.M. Jr. 1992. The marine aquarium handbook. Beginner to breeder. Green Turtle Publication, Florida, Estats Units. 318 p.

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Allen, G.R. 1975. The anemone fishes. Their classification and biology. Segona edició. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, Nova Jersey.
  • Allen, G.R. 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Alemanya. 271 p.
  • Allen, G.R. i M. Adrim 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zool. Stud. 42(1):1-72.
  • Balon, E.K. 1990. Epigenesis of an epigeneticist: the development of some alternative concepts on the early ontogeny and evolution of fishes. Guelph Ichthyol. Rev. 1:1-48.
  • Bassleer, G. 2000. Diseases in marine aquarium fish: causes, development, symptoms, treatment. Bassleer Biofish, Westmeerbeek, Bèlgica, 96 p. Segona edició.
  • Broad, G. 2003. Fishes of the Philippines. Anvil Publishing, Inc., pasi City. 510 pp.
  • Chang, K.-H., R.-Q. Jan i K.-T. Shao 1983. Community ecology of the marine fishes on Lutao Island, Taiwan. Bull. Inst. Zool. Academia Sinica 22(2):141-155.
  • Chen, J.-P., K.-T. Shao i C.-P. Lin 1995. A checklist of reef fishes from the Tungsha Tao (Pratas Island), South China Sea. Acta Zoologica Taiwanica 6(2):13-40.
  • Chen, J.-P., R.-Q. Jan i K.-T. Shao 1997. Checklist of reef fishes from Taiping Island (Itu Aba Island), Spratly Islands, South China Sea. Pac. Sci. 51(2):143-166.
  • Chen, C.-H. 2004. Checklist of the fishes of Penghu. FRI Special Publication Núm. 4. 175 p.
  • Eschmeyer, William N.: Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. iii + 697. ISBN 0-940228-23-8 (1990).
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. 2905. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Hardy, J.D. Jr. 2003. Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. Estats Units. 537 p.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The Diversity of Fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts (Estats Units), 1997. ISBN 1-4051-2494-6.
  • Herre, A.W.C.T. 1953. Check list of Philippine fishes. Res. Rep. U.S. Fish Wild. Serv., (20):977 p.
  • Huang, Z. 2001. Marine species and their distribution in China's seas. p. 404- 463. Vertebrata. Smithsonian Institution, Florida. 598 p.
  • Kapoor, D., R. Dayal i A.G. Ponniah 2002. Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, Índia.775 p.
  • Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical reef-fishes of the western Pacific Indonesia and adjacent waters. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta. 314 p.
  • Kuiter, R.H. i T. Tonozuka 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 2. Fusiliers - Dragonets, Caesionidae - Callionymidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 304-622 p.
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno i T. Yoshino 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tòquio, Japó. 437 p.
  • Masuda, H. i G.R. Allen 1993. Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Herrenteich, Melle. 528 p.
  • Mohsin, A.K.M. i M.A. Ambak 1996. Marine fishes and fisheries of Malaysia and neighbouring countries. University of Pertanian Malaysia Press, Serdang, Malàisia. 744 p.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall. Any 2000. ISBN 0-13-011282-8.
  • Munro, I.S.R. 1967. The fishes of New Guinea. Department of Agriculture, Stock and Fisheries, Port Moresby, Nova Guinea. 651 p.
  • Nelson, J.S. 2006: Fishes of the world. Quarta edició. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, Nova Jersey, Estats Units. 601 p. ISBN 0-471-25031-7.
  • Nguyen, N.T. i V.Q. Nguyen 2006. Biodiversity and living resources of the coral reef fishes in Vietnam marine waters. Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi.
  • Randall, J.E., H. Ida, K. Kato, R.L. Pyle i J.L. Earle 1997. Annotated checklist of inshore fishes of the Ogasawara Islands. Nat. Sci. Mus. Monogr. (11):1-74.
  • Randall, J.E. i K.K.P. Lim (eds.) 2000. A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p.
  • Shao, K.-T. i L.-S. Chen 1990. Exotic marine fishes (I). Encyclopedia of field guide in Taiwan, vol. 17.
  • Shen, S.C. (ed.) 1993. Fishes of Taiwan. Department of Zoology, National Taiwan University, Taipei. 960 p.
  • Thresher, R.E. 1984. Reproduction in reef fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Neptune City (Estats Units). 399 p.
  • UNESCO 2002. An ecological assessment of Ulugan Bay, Palawan, Philippines. CSI info No. 12, UNESCO, París, 46 p.
  • Vasil'ev, V.P. 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3):1-38.
  • Werner, T.B. i G.R. Allen 2000. A rapid marine biodiversity assessment of the Calamianes Islands, Palawan province, Philippines. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 17. Washington DC :Conservation International.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a. edició, Londres: Macdonald. Any 1985. ISBN 0-356-10715-9.

Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]