Atherinomorus lacunosus

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Atherinomorus lacunosus
Atherinomorus lacunosus (Hardyhead silverside).gif
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Ordre: Atheriniformes
Família: Atherinidae
Subfamília: Atherininae
Gènere: Atherinomorus
(Fowler, 1903) [1][2]
Espècie: A. lacunosus
Nom binomial
Atherinomorus lacunosus
(Forster, 1801) [3]
Sinònims
  • Allanetta forskali (Ruppell, 1838)
  • Atherina affinis (Bennett, 1832)
  • Atherina forskali (Rüppell, 1838)
  • Atherina forskalii (Rüppell, 1838)
  • Atherina forskalli (Rüppell, 1838)
  • Atherina lacunosa (Forster, 1801)
  • Atherina morrisi (Jordan & Starks, 1906)
  • Atherina pectoralis (Achille Valenciennes
  • Atherina pinguis (Bernard Germain de Lacépède
  • Atherina punctata (Bennett, 1833)
  • Atherina puntata (Bennett, 1833)
  • Atherinomorus lacunosa (Forster, 1801)
  • Atherion morrisi (Jordan & Starks, 1906)
  • Hepsetia morrisi (Jordan & Starks, 1906)
  • Hepsetia pinguis (Lacépède, 1803)
  • Pranesus forskalii (Ruppell, 1838)
  • Pranesus lacunosus (Forster, 1801)
  • Pranesus maculatus (Taylor, 1964)
  • Pranesus morrisi (Jordan & Starks, 1906)
  • Pranesus pinguis (Lacépède, 1803)
  • Pranesus pinguis ruppelli (Smith, 1965)
  • Pranesus pinguis ruppelli (Smith, 1965)[4]

Atherinomorus lacunosus és una espècie de peix pertanyent a la família dels aterínids[5] present a la conca Indo-Pacífica: des del mar Roig[6] i l'Àfrica Oriental[7][8][9][10][11][12] fins a les illes Hawaii [13] Samoa,[14] les illes Fènix, el sud del Japó -incloent-hi les illes Ogasawara-,[15][16] Queensland -Austràlia-[17][18] i Nova Caledònia.[19][20][21][22][23][24] Ha colonitzat recentment la Mediterrània oriental a través del Canal de Suez.[25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60][61][62][63][64][65][66][67][68][69][70][71][72] És un peix d'aigua marina i salabrosa, associat als esculls[73] i de clima subtropical (32°N-23°S, 38°E-154°W) que viu entre 1-39 m de fondària.[34][50]

Pot arribar a fer 25 cm de llargària màxima. El cos és de color verd, groc clar o marronós amb la meitat superior sempre més fosca que la resta. 5-8 espines i 8-11 radis tous a l'aleta dorsal i 1 espina i 12-17 radis tous a l'anal. 38-43 vèrtebres. La majoria de les escates són vorejades de negre.[34][74][75][76] Menja zooplàncton i petits invertebrats bentònics.[77][78] A Sud-àfrica és depredat per Hydroprogne tschegrava.[79] És inofensiu per als humans i venut fresc, en salaó o assecat.[80][34]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

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Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Anònim, 2000. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, Sud-àfrica. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, Sud-àfrica.
  • Anònim, 2001. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes.
  • Anònim, 2002. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, Estats Units.
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  • Crespo, J., J. Gajate i R. Ponce, 2001. Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Madrid, l'Estat espanyol.
  • Ivantsoff, W., 1986. Atherinidae. P. 381-383. A: M.M. Smith i P.C. Heemstra (eds.). Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlín.
  • Ivantsoff, W. i L.E.L.M. Crowley, 1991. Review of the Australian silverside fishes of the genus Atherinomorus (Atherinidae). Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 42(5):479-505.
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  • Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao i C.F. Lai (eds.), 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan.

Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]