Ciprínid

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Ciprínids
Eocè - recent
Peix arlequí (Trigonostigma heteromorpha, antic Rasbora heteromorpha).
Rhodeus sericeus
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Ordre: Cypriniformes
Família: Cyprinidae
Subfamílies

Els ciprínids (Cyprinidae) són una família de peixos de l'ordre dels cipriniformes que viuen a les aigües dolces i són criats amb fins alimentaris o com a peixos d'aquari. Els ciprínids, en general, estan molt adaptats a l'aqüicultura, car són espècies molt resistents a la contaminació de les aigües o a la baixa concentració d'oxigen.

Morfologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Tenen el cos ovalat i de dimensions variables (oscil·la entre uns centímetres i més d'un metre com ara la carpa) cobert d'escates cicloïdals molt desenvolupades.
  • La posició de la boca és variable però és llisa, amb mandíbules sense dents, i barbes en moltes espècies.
  • Els ossos de la faringe són falciformes amb estructures anomenades dents faríngies, que juntament amb formacions del basioccipital (recobertes amb una placa còrnia) formen un aparell rosegador molt potent.
  • Presenten una aleta dorsal i una d'anal de longitud variable formada per radis tous, llevat de la presència en algunes espècies (carpa, carpa de fang) d'un primer radi molt ossificat i dentat.[1]

Reproducció[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es reprodueixen per ous i no existeixen representants vivípars.

Alimentació[modifica | modifica el codi]

Generalment són omnívors, i consumeixen aliment tant d'origen animal com vegetal.

Hàbitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

Tots ells són d'aigua dolça, encara que alguns estan perfectament adaptats a viure en les aigües salabroses.

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es troben amplament distribuïts per les aigües continentals d'Euràsia, Àfrica i l'Amèrica del Nord.

Gèneres i espècies[modifica | modifica el codi]

Pseudorasbora parva fotografiat al Japó.
Exemplars d'alburns (Alburnus alburnus).
Exemplar de Vimba vimba pescat al riu Morava (conca del Danubi).
Exemplars de Trigonostigma espei
Exemplars de Puntius denisonii

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

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