Diagramma pictum

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Diagramma pictum
Diagramma pictum.jpg
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Osteichthyes
(Huxley, 1880)
Subclasse: Actinopterygii
Infraclasse: Actinopteri
Ordre: Perciformes
Subordre: Percoidei
Família: Haemulidae
Gènere: Diagramma
(Oken, 1817)[1][2]
Espècie: D. pictum
Nom binomial
Diagramma pictum
(Thunberg, 1792)[3]
Sinònims
  • Diagramma pictus (Thunberg, 1792)
  • Perca picta (Thunberg, 1792)
  • Plectorhinchus pictus (Thunberg, 1792)
  • Plectorhynchus pictus (Thunberg, 1792)
  • Plectorrhinchus pictum (Thunberg, 1792)
  • Spilotichthys pictus (Thunberg, 1792)[4]

Diagramma pictum és una espècie de peix pertanyent a la família dels hemúlids.[5]

Descripció[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Pot arribar a fer 100 cm de llargària màxima (normalment, en fa 55) i 6.300 g de pes.
  • 9-10 espines i 21-25 radis tous a l'aleta dorsal i 3 espines i 7 radis tous a l'anal.
  • Els juvenils són de color groc o blanc amb ratlles negres i amples. Els adults són grisos clars o amb taques.[6][7][8][9]

Alimentació[modifica | modifica el codi]

Menja invertebrats bentònics i peixos.[10]

Hàbitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

És un peix marí, associat als esculls[11] i de clima tropical (32°N-32°S) que viu entre 1 i 170 m de fondària (normalment, entre 1 i 50).[6][12][13]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es troba des del mar Roig[14] i l'Àfrica Oriental[15] fins al Japó[16] i Nova Caledònia.[6][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60][61][62][63]

Costums[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es comercialitza fresc i congelat.[64]

Observacions[modifica | modifica el codi]

N'hi ha informes d'enverinament per ciguatera.[6]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Oken L., 1817. V. Kl. Fische. Isis (Oken) v. 8 (núm. 148). 1779-1782.
  2. uBio (anglès)
  3. Thunberg, C. P., 1792. Åtskillige förut okánde Fiskar af abborslágtet. Kongliga Vetenskaps Akademiens nya Handlingar, Stockholm v. 13 (for 1792): 141-143, Pl. 5.
  4. Catalogue of Life (anglès)
  5. The Taxonomicon (anglès)
  6. 6,0 6,1 6,2 6,3 FishBase (anglès)
  7. Torres, F.S.B. Jr., 1991. Tabular data on marine fishes from Southern Africa, Part I. Length-weight relationships. Fishbyte 9(1):50-53.
  8. Bouhlel, M., 1988. Poissons de Djibouti. Placerville (Califòrnia, els Estats Units): RDA International, Inc. 416 p.
  9. International Game Fish Association, 1991. World record game fishes. International Game Fish Association, Florida, els Estats Units.
  10. Sommer, C., W. Schneider i J.-M. Poutiers, 1996. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Somalia. FAO, Roma. 376 p.
  11. Hardy, J.D. Jr., 2003. Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. Estats Units. 537 p.
  12. Pauly, D., A. Cabanban i F.S.B. Torres, Jr., 1996. Fishery biology of 40 trawl-caught teleosts of western Indonesia. P. 135-216. A: D. Pauly i P. Martosubroto (eds.). Baseline studies of biodiversity: the fish resource of western Indonesia. ICLARM Studies and Reviews 23.
  13. Myers, R.F., 1999. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p.
  14. Al-Ogaily, S.M. i A. Hussain, 1990. Biology of grunt Plectorhynchus pictus (Thunberg) 1792, (Haemulidae, Teleostei, Percoidei) from the Red Sea (Jizan area). Fish. Res. 9:119-130.
  15. Bianchi, G., 1985. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine and brackish-water species of Tanzania. Prepared and published with the support of TCP/URT/4406 and FAO (FIRM) Regular Programme. FAO, Roma, Itàlia. 199 p.
  16. Endo, M. i Y. Iwatsuki, 1998. Anomalies of wild fishes in the waters of Miyazaki, southern Japan. Bull. Faculty Agric. 45(1.2):27-35.
  17. Al Sakaff, H. i M. Esseen, 1999. Occurrence and distribution of fish species off Yemen (Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea). Naga ICLARM Q. 22(1):43-47.
  18. Allen, G.R., 1998. Reef fishes of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. A: T. Werner i G. Allen (eds). A rapid biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. RAP Working Papers 11, Conservation International, Washington DC.
  19. Allen, G.R. i M. Adrim, 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zool. Stud. 42(1):1-72.
  20. Allen, G.R. i P.L. Munday, 1994. Kimbe Bay rapid ecological assessment: the coral reefs of Kimbe Bay (West New Britain, Papua New Guinea), Volum 3: Fish diversity of Kimbe Bay. The Nature Conservancy, South Pacific program Office, Auckland, Nova Zelanda. 107 p.
  21. Bianchi, G., 1985. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine and brackish-water species of Pakistan. Prepared with the support of PAK/77/033/ and FAO (FIRM) Regular Programme. FAO, Roma. 200 p.
  22. Carpenter, K.E., F. Krupp, D.A. Jones i U. Zajonz, 1997. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. Living marine resources of Kuwait, eastern Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. FAO, Roma, Itàlia. 293 p.
  23. Chen, C.-H., 2004. Checklist of the fishes of Penghu. FRI Special Publication. Núm. 4. 175 p.
  24. De la Paz, R.M., N. Aragones i D. Agulto, 1988. Coral-reef fishes off western Calatagan, Batangas (Luzon Island, Philippines) with notes on new and rare captures and controversial taxa. Philipp. J. Sci. 117:237-318.
  25. Edwards, R.R.C. i S. Shaher, 1991. The biometrics of marine fishes from the Gulf of Aden. Fishbyte 9(2):27-29.
  26. Edwards, R.R.C., A. Bakhader i S. Shaher, 1985. Growth, mortality, age composition and fishery yields of fish from the Gulf of Aden. J. Fish Biol. 27:13-21.
  27. Fischer, W., I. Sousa, C. Silva, A. de Freitas, J.M. Poutiers, W. Schneider, T.C. Borges, J.P. Feral i A. Massinga, 1990. Fichas FAO de identificaçao de espécies para actividades de pesca. Guia de campo das espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Moçambique. Publicaçao preparada em collaboraçao com o Instituto de Investigaçao Pesquiera de Moçambique, com financiamento do Projecto PNUD/FAO MOZ/86/030 e de NORAD. Roma, FAO. 1990. 424 p.
  28. Fouda, M.M. i G.V. Hermosa, Jr., 1993. A checklist of Oman fishes. Sultan Qaboos University Press, Oman. 42 p.
  29. Ganaden, S.R. i F. Lavapie-Gonzales, 1999. Common and local names of marine fishes of the Philippines. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Filipines. 385 p.
  30. Garpe, K.C. i M.C. Öhman, 2003. Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island Marine Park, Tanzania: fish-habitat interactions. Hydrobiologia 498: 191-211.
  31. Gell, F.R. i M.W. Whittington, 2002. Diversity of fishes in seagrass beds in the Quirimba Archipelago, northern Mozambique. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 53:115-121.
  32. Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. i P.J. Kailola, 1984. Trawled fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Australian Development Assistance Bureau, Austràlia, Directorate General of Fishes, Indonèsia i German Agency for Technical Cooperation, República Federal d'Alemanya. 407 p.
  33. Herre, A.W.C.T., 1953. Check list of Philippine fishes. Res. Rep. U.S. Fish Wild. Serv., (20): 977 p.
  34. Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton i G.R. Allen, 2006. Fishes. A Beasley, O.L. i A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volum 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia Part 1, pp. xxiv 1-670; Part 2, pp. xxi 671-1472; Part 3, pp. xxi 1473-2178.
  35. Johannes, R.E. i J.W. MacFarlane, 1991. Traditional fishing in the Torres Strait Islands. CSIRO Division of Fisheries, Tasmània, Austràlia. 268 p.
  36. Kailola, P.J., 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. II Scorpaenidae to Callionymidae. Research Bulletin Núm. 41, Research Section, Dept. of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Papua Nova Guinea.
  37. Kapoor, D., R. Dayal i A.G. Ponniah, 2002. Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, Índia. 775 p.
  38. Kawamura, T., 1980. Seasonal occurrence of fishes at inshore rocky reefs in Shirahana, southern Japan. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 27(3):243-246.
  39. Kulbicki, M. i J.T. Williams, 1997. Checklist of the shorefishes of Ouvea Atoll, New Caledonia. Atoll Res. Bull. 444:26 p.
  40. Kulbicki, M., G. Mou Tham, P. Thollot i L. Wantiez, 1993. Length-weight relationships of fish from the lagoon of New Caledonia. Naga ICLARM Q. 16(2-3):26-29.
  41. Kulbicki, M., J.E. Randall i J. Rivaton, 1994. Checklist of the fishes of the Chesterfield Islands (Coral Sea). Micronesica 27(1/2):1-43.
  42. Kulbicki, M., Y.-M. Bozec, P. Labrosse, Y. Letourneur, G. Mou-Tham i L. Wantiez, 2005. Diet composition of carnivorous fishes from coral reef lagoons of New Caledonia. Aquat. Living Resour. 18:231-250.
  43. Letourneur, Y., M. Kulbicki i P. Labrosse, 1998. Length-weight relationships of fish from coral reefs and lagoons of New Caledonia, southwestern Pacific Ocean: an update. Naga ICLARM Q. 21(4):39-46.
  44. Letourneur, Y., P. Chabanet, P. Durville, M. Taquet, E. Teissier, M. Parmentier, J.-C. Quéro i K. Pothin, 2004. An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean. Cybium 28(3):199-216.
  45. Lieske, E. i R. Myers, 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p.
  46. Masuda, H. i G.R. Allen, 1993. Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Herrenteich, Melle. 528 p.
  47. Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno i T. Yoshino, 1988. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Segona edició. Tokai University Press, Tòquio, Japó.
  48. Randall, J.E., 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p.
  49. Randall, J.E., 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 720 p.
  50. Randall, J.E. i C. Anderson, 1993. Annotated checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Maldives Islands. Ichthyol. Bull. of the J.L.B. Smith Inst. of Ichthyol. 59:47.
  51. Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen i R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p.
  52. Randall, J.E., H. Ida, K. Kato, R.L. Pyle i J.L. Earle, 1997. Annotated checklist of inshore fishes of the Ogasawara Islands. Nat. Sci. Mus. Monogr. (11):1-74.
  53. Sainsbury, K.J., P.J. Kailola i G.G. Leyland, 1985. Continental shelf fishes of the northern and north-western Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research; Clouston & Hall and Peter Pownall Fisheries Information Service, Canberra, Austràlia. 375 p.
  54. Salini, J.P., S.J.M. Blaber i D.T. Brewer, 1994. Diets of trawled predatory fish of the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia, with particular reference to predation on prawns. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 45(3):397-411.
  55. Smith, J.L.B., 1969. Fishes of Inhaca. p. 131-136. A: W. Macnae i M. Kalk (eds.) A natural history of Inhaca Island, Moçambique. Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg.
  56. Smith, J.L.B. i M.M. Smith, 1963. The fishes of Seychelles. Rhodes University, Grahamstown. 215 p.
  57. Van der Elst, R., 1981. A guide to the common sea fishes of southern Africa. C. Struik, Ciutat del Cap. 367 p.
  58. Van der Elst, R., 1993. A guide to the common sea fishes of southern Africa. (3a. edició) Struik Publishers, Ciutat del Cap, Sud-àfrica. 398 p.
  59. Wantiez, L., 1993. Les poissons des fonds meubles du lagon Nord et de la Baie de Saint-Vincent de Nouvelle-Calédonie: Description des peuplements, structure et fonctionnement des communautés. Tesi doctoral, Université d' Aix-Marseille II, França.
  60. Wantiez, L., 1996. Comparison of fish assemblages sampled by a shrimp trawl and a fish trawl in St. Vincent bay, New Caledonia. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K. 76(4):759-775.
  61. Wray, T. (ed.), 1979. Commercial fishes of Saudi Arabia. Ministry of Agriculture and Water Reseources, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. White Fish Authority, Gran Bretanya. 120 p.
  62. Yamada, U., S. Shirai, T. Irie, M. Tokimura, S. Deng, Y. Zheng, C. Li, Y.U. Kim i Y.S. Kim, 1995. Names and Illustrations of fishes from the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea. Overseas Fishery Cooperation Foundation, Tòquio, Japó.
  63. Zajonz, U., M. Khalaf i F. Krupp, 2000. Coastal fish assemblages of the Socotra Archipelago. p.127-170. A Conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity of Socotra Archipelago: marine habitat, biodiversity and fisheries surveys and management. Progress Report of Phase III. Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt, Alemanya.
  64. Frimodt, C., 1995. Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial coldwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, Anglaterra. 215 p.

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Anònim, 2000. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, Sud-àfrica. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, Sud-àfrica.
  • Anònim, 2001. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes.
  • Anònim, 2002. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, NY 10024-5192, Estats Units.
  • Eschmeyer, William N., 1990: Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. iii + 697. ISBN 0-940228-23-8.
  • Formacion, S.P., J.M. Rongo i V.C. Sambilay, Jr., 1991. Extreme value theory applied to the statistical distribution of the largest lengths of fish. Asian Fish. Sci. 4:123-135.
  • Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao i C.F. Lai (eds.), 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan.

Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]