Esciliorínid

De Viquipèdia
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Viquipèdia:Com entendre les taules taxonòmiquesCom entendre les taules taxonòmiques
Esciliorínids
Juràssic Superior - actualitat[1][2][3]
Gat reticulat (Scyliorhinus retifer)
Gatvaire (Scyliorhinus stellaris)
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Chondrichthyes
Subclasse: Elasmobranchii
Ordre: Carcharhiniformes
Família: Scyliorhinidae
(Gill, 1862)
Gèneres
Gató (Scyliorhinus canicula) fotografiat al sud de la Mar del Nord.

Els esciliorínids (Scyliorhinidae) constitueixen una de les famílies més nombroses de taurons amb 15 gèneres i 89 espècies.

Morfologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Són esquals petits i de cos allargassat: la majoria d'espècies fan entre 60 i 70 cm de longitud però la més grossa (Apristurus gibbosus) assoleix els 4 m.[7] Tot i això la llargària màxima de les espècies mediterrànies és sempre inferior a 1 m.
  • Els ulls són grossos amb una petita membrana nictitant.
  • Les aletes dorsals es troben per darrere de les pèlviques, són subiguals i es troben situades molt enrere. L'origen de la primera dorsal és clarament posterior a l'origen de les ventrals.
  • L'anal és grossa.
  • La caudal no es troba ben desenvolupada, és subhoritzontal i amb el lòbul inferior molt poc desenvolupat
  • Els espiracles són ben visibles.
  • Tenen cinc obertures branquials de les quals la cinquena, i de vegades també la quarta, es troben situades sobre la base de les aletes pectorals.
  • Les dents són pluricuspidades, amb la cúspide principal aguda, menudes i nombroses, molt poc diferents de les de les dues mandíbules.[8][9][10]

Alimentació[modifica | modifica el codi]

Mengen invertebrats i peixets.[1][11]

Hàbitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

Totes les espècies són costaneres i sedentàries.[12]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es troben a tots els oceans de la Terra (llevat de l'Antàrtic).[13] Són molt abundants a les costes de Sud-àfrica, a l'àrea marina compresa entre Àsia i Austràlia, i a l'Oceà Pacífic occidental.[14]

Costums[modifica | modifica el codi]

Són bentònics.

Espècies[modifica | modifica el codi]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. 1,0 1,1 FishBase (anglès)
  2. Berg, L.S.: System der rezenten und fossilen Fischartigen und Fische. VEB Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlín, 1958.
  3. Long, J. A.: The Rise of Fishes: 500 million years of evolution.Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore-Londres, planes 1-223. Any 1995.
  4. ITIS (anglès)
  5. BioLib (anglès)
  6. The Taxonomicon (anglès)
  7. ZipCodeZoo.com (anglès)
  8. Mas Ferrà, Xavier i Canyelles Ferrà, Xavier: Peixos de les Illes Balears. Editorial Moll, Palma de Mallorca, maig del 2000. Manuals d'introducció a la naturalesa, 13. ISBN 84-273-6013-4. Plana 49.
  9. Bleckmann, H., M. Hofmann: "Special Senses", planes 300-328 a W.C. Hamlett, ed. Sharks, Skates, and Rays. Baltimore, Maryland, Estats Units: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Any 1999.
  10. Duran, Miquel: Noms i descripcions dels peixos de la Mar Catalana. Tom I, Àgnats, Condrictis, Osteïctis (1a. part). Editorial Moll, Palma (Mallorca), 2007. ISBN 978-84-273-6508-7. Pàg. 101.
  11. Heithaus, M.: "Predator-Prey Interactions". Planes 487-522 a J.C. Carrier, J.A. Musick, M.R. Heithaus, eds. Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives. Boca Raton, Florida, Estats Units: CRC Press. Any 2004.
  12. Compagno, L.: Sharks of the Order Carcharhiniformes. Princeton, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Princeton University Press. Any 1988.
  13. Musick, J., M. Harbin, L. Compagno: "Historical Zoogeography of the Selachii". Planes 33-78 a J.C. Carrier, J.A. Musick, M.R. Heithaus, eds. Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives. Boca Raton, Florida, Estats Units: CRC Press. Any 2004.
  14. Duran, Miquel: Noms i descripcions dels peixos de la Mar Catalana. Pàg. 102.
  15. Garman S., 1913. The Plagiostomia (sharks, skates, and rays). Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. v. 36. i-xiii + 1-515. Also Atlas: 77 pls.
  16. 16,0 16,1 16,2 Meng, Q.-W., Y.-D. Chu & S. Li. 1985. Description of four new species of Scyliorhinidae from depths of the south China Sea. Oceanol. Limnol. Sin. v. 16 (núm. 1): 43-50.
  17. Nakaya, K. & B. Séret. 1999. A new species of deepwater catshark, Apristurus albisoma n. sp. from New Caledonia (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). Cybium v. 23 (núm. 3): 297-310.
  18. Sasahara, R., Sato, K. & Nakaya, K. 2008. A new species of deepwater catshark, Apristurus ampliceps sp. nov. (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae), from New Zealand and Australia. Pp. 93-104. A Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of New Australian Chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper núm. 22.
  19. Nakaya, K. & M. Stehmann. 1998. A new species of deep-water catshark, Apristurus aphyodes n. sp., from the eastern North Atlantic (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). Arch. Fish. Mar. Research v. 46 (núm. 1): 77-90.
  20. Sato, K., Nakaya, K. & Yorozu, M. 2008. Apristurus australis sp. nov., a new long-snout catshark (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from Australia. Pp. 113-121. A Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of New Australian Chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper núm. 22.
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  81. White, W.T., Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2007. Halaelurus maculosus n. sp. i Halaelurus sellus n. sp., two new species of catshark (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from the Indo-West Pacific. Zootaxa, 1639: 1-21.
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  89. 89,0 89,1 89,2 89,3 Seret, B. & Last, P.R. 2007. Four new species of deep-water catsharks of the genus Parmaturus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from New Caledonia, Indonesia and Australia. Zootaxa, 1657: 23-39.
  90. Smith H. M. 1912. Description of a new notidanoid shark from the Philippine Islands representing a new family. (Scientific results of the Philippine cruise of the Fisheries steamer "Albatross," 1907-10.--No. 14). Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. v. 41 (núm. 1872). 489-491.
  91. Smith A. 1838. (On the necessity for a revision of the groups included in the Linnaean genus Squalus). Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1837 (pt 5). 85-86.
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  93. Müller, J. & Henle, F. G. J. 1838-1841. Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen. Berlín. Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen.: i-xxii + 1-200, 60 pls.
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  96. Guichenot, A. 1848. Fauna Chilena. Peces. Pp. 137-370. A C. Gay, Historia física y política de Chile. Zoología, v. 2. París & Santiago de Xile. Fauna Chilena, Peces.
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  98. Soto, J. M. R. 2001. Schroederichthys saurisqualus sp. nov. (Carcharhiniformes, Scyliorhinidae), a new species of catshark from southern Brazil, with further data on Schroederichthys species. Mare Magnum v. 1 (núm. 1): 37-50.
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Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

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  • Castro-Aguirre, J. L. 1981: Especies de la familia Scyliorhinidae (Elasmobranchii, Galeoidea), de la costa occidental de México, con especial referencia a Cephalurus cephalus (Gilbert). Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas México v. 24 (núm. 1-4): 71-93.
  • Chu, Y.-T., Q.-W. Meng, i J.-X. Liu 1983: Description of a new species of Scyliorhinidae from China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 8 (núm. 1): 104-107.
  • Compagno, L.J.V.: FAO species catalogue. Volum 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Any 1984.
  • Compagno, L.J.V. i V.H. Niem, 1998. Scyliorhinidae. Catsharks. p. 1279-1292. A K.E. Carpenter i V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO, Roma, Itàlia.
  • Gadig, O.B.F. i U.L. Gomes, 2003. Família Scyliorhinidae. A N.A. Menezes, P.A. Buckup, J.L. Figueiredo, R.L. Moura (eds.). Catálogo das espécies de peixes marinhos do Brasil. São Paulo. Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, 160 pp.
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  • Meng, Q.-W., Y.-D. Chu, i S. Li 1985: Description of four new species of Scyliorhinidae from depths of the south China Sea. Oceanologica et Limnologica Sinica v. 16 (núm. 1): 43-50.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall. Any 2000.
  • Nakaya, K. 1975: Taxonomy, comparative anatomy and phylogeny of Japanese catsharks, Scyliorhinidae. Memoirs of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University v. 23 (núm. 1): 1-94.
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  • Quéro, J.-C., 1986. Scyliorhinidae. p. 95-100. A P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen i E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, París. Vol. 1.
  • Springer, S. 1966: A review of western Atlantic cat sharks, Scyliorhinidae, with descriptions of a new genus and five new species. United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (núm. 3): 581-624.
  • Springer, S. 1971: A new cat shark (Scyliorhinidae) from New Zealand. Records of the Dominion Museum (Wellington) v. 7 (núm. 18): 235-241.
  • Springer, S., 1990. Scyliorhinidae. p. 90-94. A J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post i L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisboa; SEI, París; i UNESCO, París, França. Vol. 1.
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Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]