Hypophthalmichthys nobilis

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Hypophthalmichthys nobilis
Bighead carp.gif
Bighead carp b.gif
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Ordre: Cypriniformes
Família: Cyprinidae
Gènere: Hypophthalmichthys
(Bleeker, 1860)[1]
Espècie: H. nobilis
Nom binomial
Hypophthalmichthys nobilis
(Richardson, 1845)[2][3]
Sinònims
  • Aristichthys nobilis (Richardson, 1845)
  • Leuciscus nobilis (Richardson, 1845)[4]
Exemplar de 63 cm i 3,8 kg

Hypophthalmichthys nobilis és una espècie de peix de la família dels ciprínids i de l'ordre dels cipriniformes.

Morfologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Els mascles poden assolir 112 cm de longitud total i 21,3 kg de pes.[5][6]

Alimentació[modifica | modifica el codi]

Menja principalment zooplàncton.[5]

Hàbitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

És un peix d'aigua dolça i de clima temperat (4°C-26°C).[5][7]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es troba a Àsia: la Xina,[8] tot i que ha estat introduït a nombrosos països.[5][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60][61][62][63][64]

Ús comercial[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es comercialitza fresc i congelat.[5]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Bleeker P., 1859. Conspectus systematis Cyprinorum. Natuurkd. Tijdschr. Neder. Indië v. 20. 421-441.
  2. BioLib (anglès)
  3. Richardson, J., 1845. Ichthyology.--Part 3. A: R. B. Hinds (ed.) The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur, under the command of Captain Sir Edward Belcher, R. N., C. B., F. R. G. S., etc., during the years 1836-1842, Núm. 10. Londres: Smith, Elder & Co. Ichthy. Voyage Sulphur 3: 99-150, Pls. 55-64.
  4. «Hypophthalmichthys nobilis». Catalogue of Life. (anglès)
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 5,4 FishBase (anglès)
  6. IGFA, 2001. Base de dades de registres de pesca IGFA fins al 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Estats Units.
  7. Li, S., L. Wu, J. Wang, Q. Chou i Y. Chen, 1990. Comprehensive genetic study on Chinese carps. Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers, Xangai, la Xina, 226 p.
  8. Hwang, H.C., P.C. Yueh i S.F. Yu, 1982. The freshwater fishes of China in colored illustrations. Vol. 1 Shanghai Sciences and Technology Press, Xangai, Xina. 173 p.
  9. Ang, K.J., R. Gopinath i T.E. Chua, 1989. The status of introduced fish species in Malaysia. p. 71-82. A: S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Filipines.
  10. Archarya, P. i M.B. Iftekhar, 2000. Freshwater ichthyofauna of Maharashtra State. p.136-144. A: Ponniah, A.G. i A. Gopalakrishnan (eds.). Endemic Fish Diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., Índia. 1, 347 p.
  11. Azeroual, A., A.J. Crivelli, A. Yahyaoui i M. Dakki, 2000. L'ichtyofaune des eaux continentales du Maroc. Cybium 24(Suppl. 3):17-22.
  12. Barriga, R., 1991. Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Información técnico-científica, Quito, Equador, Politécnica, XVI(3):7-88.
  13. Bartley, D.M., 1993. An application of international codes of practice on introductions of aquatic organisms: assessment of project on the use of Chinese carps in Mozambique. FAO Fish. Circ. 863. 21 p.
  14. Barua, S.P., M.M.H. Khan i A.H.M. Ali Reza, 2001. The status of alien invasive species in Bangladesh and their impact on the ecosystems. p. 1-7. A: P. Balakrishna (ed.) Report of Workshop on Alien Invasive species, GBF-SSEA. Colombo. IUCN Regional Biodiversity Programme, Asia, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
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Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Anònim, 2001. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes.
  • Anònim, 2002. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, NY 10024-5192, Estats Units.
  • Andrews, S., 1985. Aquatic species introduced to Fiji. Domodomo 3(2):67-82.
  • Arthur, J.R. i S. Lumanlan-Mayo, 1997. Checklist of the parasites of fishes of the Philippines. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 369, 102 p. FAO, Roma.
  • Baensch, H.A. i R. Riehl, 1991. Aquarien atlas. Bd. 3. Melle: Mergus, Verlag für Natur- und Heimtierkunde, Alemanya. 1104 p.
  • Bleeker, P., 1878: Sur les espèces du genre Hypophthalmichthys Blkr. (Cephalus Basil. nec. Bl. nec. Al.). Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 12: 209-218.
  • Boulenger, G. A., 1901: On the presence of a superbranchial organ in the cyprinoid fish Hypophthalmichthys. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 8 (núm. 45): 186-188.
  • Brummett, R.E., R.O. Smitherman i R.A. Dunham, 1988. Isozyme expression in bighead carp, silver carp and their reciprocal hybrids. Aquaculture. 70:21-28.
  • Cremer, M.C. i R.O. Smitherman, 1980. Food habits and growth of silver and bighead carp in cages and ponds. Aquaculture 20:57-64.
  • Cui, J., Ren, X. i Yu, Q., 1991. Nuclear DNA content variation in fishes. Cytologia 56:425-429.
  • Dealmeidatoledo, L.F., A.P.V. Bigoni, G. Bernardino i S. Detoledo, 1995. Chromosomal location of NORs and C bands in F1 hybrids of bighead carp and silver carp reared in Brazil. Aquaculture 135(4):277-284.
  • Eschmeyer, William N.: Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. iii + 697. ISBN 0-940228-23-8 (1990).
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. 2905. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Fermín, A.C. i D.M. Reyes, Jr., 1989. HCG and LHRH-A induced spawning in bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis Rich. reared in floating cages in Laguna de Bay. The Philippine Scientist, 26: 21-28.
  • Frimodt, C., 1995. Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial warmwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, Anglaterra. 215 p.
  • Garibaldi, L., 1996. List of animal species used in aquaculture. FAO Fish. Circ. 914. 38 p.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts (Estats Units), 1997.
  • Howes, G. J., 1981: Anatomy and phylogeny of the Chinese major carps Ctenopharyngodon Steind., 1866 and Hypophthalmichthys Blkr., 1860. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 41 (núm. 1): 1-52.
  • Jhingran, V.G. i R.S.V. Pullin, 1988. A hatchery manual for the common, Chinese and Indian major carps. ICLARM Stud. Rev. 11, 191 p.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall. Any 2000.
  • Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea i J.D. Williams, 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland, Estats Units.
  • Nelson, J.S. 2006: Fishes of the world. Quarta edició. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, Nova Jersey, Estats Units. 601 p.
  • Paperna, I., 1996. Parasites, infections and diseases of fishes in Africa. An update. CIFA Tech. Pap. Núm. 31. 220 p. FAO, Roma.
  • Ren, X., J. Cui i Q. Yu, 1992. Chromosomal heterochromatin differentiation of cyprinid fishes. Genetica 87:47-51.
  • Riede, K., 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Alemanya. 329 p.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21): 243 p.
  • Vasil'ev, V.P., 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3): 1-38.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a. edició, Londres: Macdonald. Any 1985.

Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]