Mylopharyngodon piceus

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Mylopharyngodon piceus
Mylopharyngodon piceus.jpg
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Ordre: Cypriniformes
Família: Cyprinidae
Gènere: Mylopharyngodon
(Peters, 1881)[1]
Espècie: M. piceus
Nom binomial
Mylopharyngodon piceus
(Richardson, 1846)[2][3]
Sinònims
  • Barbus tonkinensis (Sauvage, 1884)
  • Leucisculus fuscus (Oshima, 1920)
  • Leuciscus aethiops (Basilewsky, 1855)
  • Leuciscus piceus (Richardson, 1846)
  • Myloleuciscus aethiops (Basilewsky, 1855)
  • Myloleuciscus atripinnis (Garman, 1912)
  • Myloleucus aethiops (Basilewsky, 1855)
  • Mylopharyngodon aethiops (Basilewsky, 1855)
  • Mylopharyngodon pisceus (Richardson, 1846)[4]

Mylopharyngodon piceus és una espècie de peix de la família dels ciprínids i de l'ordre dels cipriniformes.

Morfologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

Alimentació[modifica | modifica el codi]

Les larves es nodreixen de zooplàncton i, més tard, d'ostràcodes i insectes aquàtics.[7] Quan assoleixen els 120 mm de llargària comencen a menjar caragolets i cloïsses, i en arribar a adults s'alimenten quasi exclusivament de mol·luscs i crustacis.[8]

Hàbitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

És un peix d'aigua dolça i demersal.[7]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es troba a Àsia: des de la conca del riu Amur fins al Vietnam[9] i el sud de la Xina.[10][7][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27]

Observacions[modifica | modifica el codi]

El seu comerç és sota restriccions a Alemanya a causa de l'impacte ecològic advers que s'esdevé després de la seua introducció.[10][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][7]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Peters W. (C. H.), 1881. Über die von der chinesischen Regierung zu der internationalen Fischerei-Austellung gesandte Fischsammlung aus Ningpo. Monatsb. Akad. Wiss. Berlín, 1880. 921-927.
  2. BioLib (anglès)
  3. Richardson, J., 1846. Report on the ichthyology of the seas of China and Japan. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting (1845): 187-320.
  4. «Mylopharyngodon piceus». Catalogue of Life. (anglès)
  5. IGFA, 2001. Base de dades de registres de pesca IGFA fins al 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Estats Units.
  6. Nóvikov, N. P.; Sokolovski, A. S.; Sokolóvskaia, T. G.; Iàkovlev, I. M., 2002. The fishes of Primorye. Vladivostok, Far Eastern State Tech. Fish. Univ., 552 p.
  7. 7,0 7,1 7,2 7,3 7,4 FishBase (anglès)
  8. Kottelat, M. i J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Suïssa. 646 p.
  9. Kottelat, M., 2001. Freshwater fishes of northern Vietnam. A preliminary check-list of the fishes known or expected to occur in northern Vietnam with comments on systematics and nomenclature. Environment and Social Development Unit, East Asia and Pacific Region. El Banc Mundial. Freshwater Fish. Vietnam (BOOK), juny: i-iii + 1-123 + 1-18.
  10. 10,0 10,1 Nico, L.G., J.D. Williams i H.L. Jelks, 2005. Black carp: biological synopsis and risk assessment of an introduced fish. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland, Estats Units, 337 p.
  11. Berg, L.S., 1964. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. Volum 2, quarta edició. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd, Jerusalem.
  12. Blanc, M., J.-L. Gaudet, P. Banarescu i J.-C. Hureau, 1971. European inland water fish. A multilingual catalogue. Fishing News (Books) Ltd., Londres.
  13. Bogutskaya, N.G. i A.M. Naseka, 1996. Cyclostomata and fishes of Khanka Lake drainage area (Amur river basin). An annotated check-list with comments on taxonomy and zoogeography of the region. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. :89 p.
  14. Bogutskaya, N.G. i A.M. Naseka, 2002. An overview of nonindigenous fishes in inland waters of Russia. Proc. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. 296:21-30.
  15. Hanel, L., 2003. The ichthyofauna of the Czech Republic: development and present state. Matthias Belivs Univ. Proc. 3(1): 41-71.
  16. Huynh, D.H., 1998. Rare valuable animals in Vietnam. p. 23-56. A: C.V. Sung (ed.) Environment and bioresources of Vietnam: present situation and solutions. The Gioi Publishers, Hanoi.
  17. Hwang, H.C., P.C. Yueh i S.F. Yu, 1982. The freshwater fishes of China in colored illustrations. Vol. 1 Shanghai Sciences and Technology Press, Xangai, Xina. 173 p.
  18. Kamilov, G. i Z.U. Urchinov, 1995. Fish and fisheries in Uzbekistan under the impact of irrigated agriculture. p. 10-41. A: T. Petr (ed.) Inland fisheries under the impact of irrigated agriculture: Central Asia. FAO Fisheries Circular. Núm. 894.
  19. Ma, X., X. Bangxi, W. Yindong i W. Mingxue, 2003. Intentionally introduced and transferred fishes in China's inland waters. Asian Fish. Sci. 16(3&4):279-290.
  20. Man, S.H. i I.J. Hodgkiss, 1981. Hong Kong freshwater fishes. Urban Council, Wishing Printing Company, Hong Kong, 75 p.
  21. Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno i T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tòquio, Japó. 437 p.
  22. Monkolprasit, S., S. Sontirat, S. Vimollohakarn i T. Songsirikul, 1997. Checklist of Fishes in Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bangkok, Tailàndia. 353 p.
  23. Nichols, J.T., 1943. The freshwater fishes of China. Natural history of Central Asia: Volum IX. The American Museum of Natural History, Nova York, Estats Units, 322 p.
  24. Rahman, A.K.A., 1989. Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh. Zoological Society of Bangladesh. Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka. 364 p.
  25. Reshetnikov, Y.S., N.G. Bogutskaya, E.D. Vasil'eva, E.A. Dorofeeva, A.M. Naseka, O.A. Popova, K.A. Savvaitova, V.G. Sideleva i L.I. Sokolov, 1997. An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia. J. Ichthyol. 37(9): 687-736.
  26. Sal'nikov, V.B., 1998. Anthropogenic migration of fish in Turkmenistan. J. Ichthyol. 38(8):591-602.
  27. Walker, K.F. i H.Z. Yang, 1999. Fish and fisheries in western China. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 385:237-278.
  28. Islam, M.M., A.S.M.R. Amin i S.K. Sarker, 2003. Bangladesh. p. 7-20. A: N. Pallewatta, J.K. Reaser i A.T. Gutiérrez (eds.) Invasive Alien Species in South-Southeast Asia: National Reports & Directory of Resources. Global Invasive Species Programme, Ciutat del Cap, Sud-àfrica. 111p.
  29. Chick, J.H., R.J. Maher, B.M. Burr i M.R. Thomas, 2003. First black carp captured in U.S. Science 300:1876-1877.
  30. Chiba, K., Y. Taki, K. Sakai i Y. Oozeki, 1989. Present status of aquatic organisms introduced into Japan. p. 63-70. A: S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Spec. Publ. Asian Fish. Soc. 3, 154 p.
  31. Barua, S.P., M.M.H. Khan i A.H.M. Ali Reza, 2001. The status of alien invasive species in Bangladesh and their impact on the ecosystems. p. 1-7. A: P. Balakrishna (ed.) Report of Workshop on Alien Invasive species, GBF-SSEA. Colombo. UICN Regional Biodiversity Programme, Asia, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  32. Ben-Tuvia, A., 1981. Man-induced changes in the freshwater fish fauna of Israel. Fish. Mgmt. 12(4):139-148.
  33. Golani, D. i D. Mires, 2000. Introduction of fishes to the freshwater system of Israel. Isr. J. Aquacult. / Bamidgeh 52(2):47-60.
  34. Holcík, J., 1991. Fish introductions in Europe with particular reference to its central and eastern part. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48 (Suppl. 1):13-23.
  35. Welcomme, R.L., 1988. International introductions of inland aquatic species. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 294. 318 p.
  36. Xie, Y., Z. Lin, W.P. Gregg i D. Li, 2001. Invasive species in China - an overview. Biodivers. Conserv. 10:1317-1341.

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Anònim, 2001. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes.
  • Anònim, 2002. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, NY 10024-5192, Estats Units.
  • Breder, C.M. i D.E. Rosen, 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, Nova Jersey, Estats Units. 941 p.
  • Eschmeyer, William N.: Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. iii + 697. ISBN 0-940228-23-8. Any 1990.
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Frimodt, C., 1995. Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial coldwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, Anglaterra. 215 p.
  • Garibaldi, L., 1996. List of animal species used in aquaculture. FAO Fish. Circ. 914. 38 p.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts (Estats Units), 1997.
  • Krivokapic, M. i D. Maric, 1990. Morfoloske karakteristike vrste Mylopharyngodon piceus iz Skadarskog jezera. Ribarstvo Jugaslavije 45:41-48.
  • Liao, C.-I., H.-M. Su i E.Y. Chang, 2001. Techniques in finfish larviculture in Taiwan. Aquaculture 200(2001):1-31.
  • Lou, Y.L., K.Y. Zhang, Y.L. Wu i Y.M. Wang, 1983. Studies on karyotypes of black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus). J. Fish China 7(1):77-81.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall. Any 2000.
  • Nelson, J.S. 2006: Fishes of the world. Quarta edició. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, Nova Jersey, Estats Units. 601 p.
  • Riede, K., 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Alemanya. 329 p.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21): 243 p.
  • Vasil'eva, E.D., 2003. Main alterations in ichthyofauna of the largest rivers of the northern coast of the Black Sea in the last 50 years: A review Folia Zool. 52(4): 337-358.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a. edició, Londres: Macdonald. Any 1985.
  • Yang, S.D., T.S. Lin, C.H. Liou, Y.H. Chien, H.K. Peng i I.C. Liao, 2001. Partial substitution of white fish meal with soybean meal or lupin meal in diets for fingerling black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus). J. Fish. Soc. Taiwan 28(4):317-328.

Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]