Plantilla:Infotaula de fàrmac

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Infotaula de fàrmac
Estructura química del fàrmac Infotaula de fàrmac
·
Nom sistemàtic (IUPAC)
 ?
Identificadors
Codi ATC  ?
Dades químiques
Fórmula  ?
Pes mol.  ?
Dades farmacocinètiques
Biodisponibilitat  ?
Metabolisme  ?
Vida mitjana  ?
Excreció  ?
Consideracions terapèutiques
Cat. d'embaràs  ?
R. dispensació
Administració  ?
Icona de documentació de mòdul Documentació de la plantilla[mostra] [modifica] [historial] [refresca]

Notes d'ús[modifica | modifica el codi]

IMPORTANT: El contingut d'aquesta plantilla (DrugBox) de l'article en anglès es pot copiar tal-qual en l'article que creeu en català, i funcionarà correctament.

Sols caldrà:

  • Traduir el text que aparegui (no es oblideu de canviar el caràcter de representació dels decimals, que en els països no anglosaxons és la coma).
  • Afegir el règim de dispensació del producte farmacèutic a l'estat espanyol (com a legal_E, mireu més avall).
legal_E Espanya
DL Dispensació Lliure
RM Recepta Mèdica
ECM Especial control mèdic
DH Diagnòstic hospitalari
Estup Estupefaents


The template contains a consistent interface to other sources that provide information about the drug. Don't worry about trying to fill in all the fields -- even if you can only get one or two, that still can be useful.

Fàrmacs químics únics[modifica | modifica el codi]

While editing a drug page, copy and paste either style of the following text at the top of the page:

Shortened single-drug form:   (For visibility, vertical-bar pipes "|" start a line but can also end a line.)

{{Drugbox
| IUPAC_name        = 
| image             = 
| alt               = 
| CAS_number        = 
| ATCvet            = 
| ATC_prefix        = <!-- 'none' if uncategorised -->
| ATC_suffix        = 
| PubChem           = 
| DrugBank          = 
| chemical_formula  = 
| molecular_weight  = 
| bioavailability   = 
| protein_bound     = 
| metabolism        = 
| elimination_half-life = 
| excretion         = 
| pregnancy_AU      = <!-- A / B1 / B2 / B3 / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_US      = <!-- A / B            / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_category= 
| legal_AU = <!-- S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7, S8, S9 or Unscheduled-->
| legal_CA = <!-- OTC, Rx-only, Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII -->
| legal_UK = <!-- GSL, P, POM, CD, CD Lic, CD POM, CD No Reg POM, CD (Benz) POM, CD (Anab) POM or CD Inv POM -->
| legal_US = <!-- OTC / Rx-only / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V -->
| legal_E =  <!-- DL / RM / DH / ECM / Estup -->
| legal_status = 
| routes_of_administration = 
}}

Full template with extended fields:

{{drugbox |
| IUPAC_name = 
| image = {{PAGENAME}}.png 
| width =  
| image2 = 
| width2 = 
| CAS_number = 
| CAS_supplemental =
| ATC_prefix = 
| ATC_suffix = 
| ATC_supplemental= 
| PubChem = 
| DrugBank = 
| ChemSpiderID      = 
| chemical_formula = 
| chemical_formula  = 
| C= | H= | Ag= | As= | Au= | B= | Bi= | Br= | Cl= | Co= | F= | Gd= | I= | K= | Mn=
| N= | Na= | O= | P= | Pt= | S= | Sb= | Se= | Sr= | Tc= | Zn= | charge=
| molecular_weight = 
| smiles = 
| synonyms = 
| density = 
| melting_point = 
| boiling_point = 
| solubility = 
| specific_rotation = 
| sec_combustion = 
| bioavailability = 
| protein_bound = 
| metabolism = 
| elimination_half-life = 
| excretion =  
| pregnancy_AU =  <!-- A / B1 / B2 / B3 / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_US =  <!-- A / B            / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_category =  
| legal_AU = <!-- S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7, S8, S9 or Unscheduled-->
| legal_CA = <!-- OTC, Rx-only, Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII -->
| legal_UK = <!-- GSL, P, POM, CD, CD Lic, CD POM, CD No Reg POM, CD (Benz) POM, CD (Anab) POM or CD Inv POM -->
| legal_US = <!-- OTC / Rx-only / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V -->
| legal_E =  <!-- DL / RM / DH / ECM / Estup -->
| legal_status = 
| dependency_liability = 
| routes_of_administration = 
}}

OR Alternatively: use Diberri's excellent Wikipedia template filling tool which will generate a populated template to copy & paste into an article if given a DrugBank ID number (which may be obtained from DrugBank search). Please select for Fill template vertically, but as wikipedia is a general encyclopedia, most drugs do not warrent Show extended fields.


Notes generals sobre els camps[modifica | modifica el codi]

None of the fields are obligatory. DrugBank does not include every known drug and likewise Protein Binding may not be applicable to the drug (e.g. if only ever applied externally), so if these fields are not defined then their row is not shown.

Imatge[modifica | modifica el codi]

You can use the Image to provide an illustration. These fields are optional, but it is helpful to provide an image if you can find one. Of course most images on the internet are copyrighted.

You may specify the image name directly, else the template defaults to trying to use Fitxer:PAGENAME.png, where PAGENAME is the name of the drug article being written.

There is also an optional Width parameter you can add for the image. If your picture is far too big, then add a new line and specify a custom width like this:

 | Image            = Aspirin.png
 | Width            = 325

When no Width parameter is specified, it defaults to a width of 220.

Occasionally a second image might be added to show the chemical structure in a different format. Use the optional Image2 parameter for this. Hence the Paracetamol article uses:

 | Image            = Paracetamol-skeletal.png 
 | Image2           = Paracetamol-3D.png 

Image2 generally uses the same width settings as the first image, i.e. as defined by width otherwise a default value of 220. A specific width2 may though be applied.

ATC, ATCvet i CAS[modifica | modifica el codi]

Additional ATC or CAS codes may be included with the optional ATC_supplemental & CAS_supplement parameter as a comma-separated lists. CAS or ATC templates may be used to have these additional codes link to the relevant databases:

  | CAS_supplemental ={{CAS|427-51-0}} (acetate)
  | ATC_supplemental ={{ATC|M02|AA15}}, {{ATC|S01|BC03}}  

Adds the following linked codes:

For CAS -  427-51-0
(acetate)
For ATC - M02AA15, S01BC03

Capacitat de dependència[modifica | modifica el codi]

An optional parameter of Dependence Liability allows opioids or benzodiazepines to be flagged with the risk of becoming dependant upon them, although in many cases this may be somewhat subjective. Drugs should be rated as Low, Medium, High or Extremely High:

 | dependency_liability=High 

Propietats físiques[modifica | modifica el codi]

Additional optional physical proprerties are for Melting point, Specific rotation and Standard enthalpy change of combustion

 | melting_point    =
 | specific_rotation=
 | sec_combustion   =

Fórmula química[modifica | modifica el codi]

Pot proporcionar la fórmula química, o bé per defecte:

 | chemical_formula =

o com:

 | C= | H= | Ag= | As= | Au= | B= | Bi= | Br= | Cl= | Co= | F= | Gd= | I= | K= | Mn=
 | N= | Na= | O= | P= | Pt= | S= | Sb= | Se= | Sr= | Tc= | Zn= | charge=
exemple:   | C=2 | H=6 | O=1
dóna  Formula   C2H6O

Informació de llicència[modifica | modifica el codi]

Règim de dispensació del producte farmacèutic[modifica | modifica el codi]

Legal status has been previously declared using just the legal_status parameter with a variety of markup styles used to indicate various countries and their classifications. Alternatively legal_AU, legal_UK and legal_US may be set to the fixed options in the table below. The template will ensure the catagorisation is shown correctly capitalised, use Unicode Rx symbol and add a linked 2-letter country code as per WP:MOS. legal_status may still be used with the country-specific parameters as it is appended afterwards, allowing backwards compatability for articles that only define this parameter, or for the future with free-text of other information.

Hence | legal_AU = S2
      | legal_UK = gsl
      | legal_US = Rx-only
      | legal_status = Not marketed in Asia
Gives S2(AU) POM(UK) -only(US)  Not marketed in Asia

Note: if a drug is restricted everywhere to prescription-only, please set legal_status = Rx-only rather than similarly define for each and every country ('Rx-only' is specifically recognised by legal_status and shows as Prescription only)

Abbreviation
(options)
Meaning
legal_status Anywhere
Rx-only ℞ Prescription only
legal_AU Australia
(ee SUSDP)
Unscheduled Unscheduled/exempt
S2 Schedule 2 Pharmacy Medicine
S3 Schedule 3 Pharmacist Only Medicine
S4 Schedule 4 Prescription Only Medicine
S5 Schedule 5 Caution
S6 Schedule 6 Poison
S7 Schedule 7 Dangerous Poison
S8 Schedule 8 Controlled Drug
S9 Schedule 9 Prohibited Substance
legal_CA Canada
OTC Over the counter
Rx-only ℞ Prescription only.
Schedule I   see Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
Schedule II 
Schedule III
Schedule IV 
Schedule V  
Schedule VI 
Schedule VII
Schedule VIII
legal_UK United Kingdom
GSL General Sale List
P Pharmacy Medicine
POM Prescription Only Medicine
CD Controlled Drug. If known may specify:
CD Lic see Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001 (as amended)
CD POM
CD No Reg POM
CD (Benz) POM
CD (Anab) POM
CD Inv POM
legal_US United States
OTC Over the counter
℞-only
Rx-only
Prescription only. If appropriate may specify:
Schedule I   see Controlled Substances Act
Schedule II 
Schedule III
Schedule IV 
Schedule V  
legal_E Espanya
DL Dispensació Lliure
RM Recepta Mèdica
ECM Especial control mèdic
DH Diagnòstic hospitalari
Estup Estupefaents

Categoria de risc del fàrmac en l'embaràs[modifica | modifica el codi]

Pregnancy Categorisation has been previously declared using just the pregnancy_category parameter with a variety of markup styles used to indicate various countries and their classifications. Alternatively pregnancy_AU and pregnancy_US may be set to the fixed categories. For Australia values permitted are: A, B1, B2, B3, C, D or X (note if just set to 'B' then B? is shown). For US values permitted are: A, B, C, D or X.

Note the UK does not have official designated categorisations, but has both a variety of standard phrases with explanatory qualifications, plus many individual descriptions. pregnancy_category may still be used with the country-specific parameters as it is appended afterwards, allowing backwards compatibility for articles that only define this parameter, or for the future with free-text of other information.

 Hence | pregnancy_AU = B1
       | pregnancy_US = C
       | pregnancy_category = Used in pregnancy
           for [[Pregnancy-induced hypertension|PIH]]
Gives B1(AU) C(US) Used in pregnancy for PIH

Dades químiques[modifica | modifica el codi]

Optional additional chemical data fields of SMILES and Synonyms are for most drugs not helpful to the wider readership.

 | smiles            = 
 | synonyms          = 

Dades físiques[modifica | modifica el codi]

This is an entirely optional section, and for most drugs is not helpful to the wider readership. Only include if information of particular interest for the drug as to its chemical propersites (e.g. in its manufacture or as an important chemical in its own right, e.g. Aspirin). If any of the following optional parameters are defined then a new section header of 'Physical data' is shown.

 | density           = 
 | melting_point     = 
 | boiling_point     = 
 | solubility        = 
 | specific_rotation = 
 | sec_combustion    = 

The template will add the following to the numeric values provided:

  • Density - added 'g/cm3'
  • Melting or Boiling points - added '°C' along with calculated converted value in °F.
  • Solubility - added 'mg/mL (20°C)'
Hence:  | melting_point = 100
gives:  Melting point   100°C (212°F)

In addition, where the melting point occurs over a range of temperatures, use melting_high for the upper value.

Hence:  | melting_point = 100
        | melting_high  = 104
gives:  Melting point   100-104 °C (212-219 °F)

Comments can be added to the melting and boiling point entries using melting_notes and boiling_notes

Hence:  | boiling_point = 100
        | boiling_notes = (sublimes)
gives:  Boiling point   100 °C (212 °F) (sublimes)

Ús[modifica | modifica el codi]

Vegeu també[modifica | modifica el codi]