Prosopium cylindraceum

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Prosopium cylindraceum
Prosopium cylindraceum.jpg
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Superordre: Protacanthopterygii
Ordre: Salmoniformes
Família: Salmonidae
Gènere: Prosopium
(Jordan, 1878)[1]
Espècie: P. cylindraceum
Nom binomial
Prosopium cylindraceum
(Pennant, 1784)[2][3]

Prosopium cylindraceum és una espècie de peix de la família dels salmònids i de l'ordre dels salmoniformes.

Morfologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Els mascles poden assolir 59 cm de longitud total[4] i 2.720 g de pes.[5]

Alimentació[modifica | modifica el codi]

Menja invertebrats bentònics i, ocasionalment, peixos[6] i ous de peix.[7]

Depredadors[modifica | modifica el codi]

És depredat per Ameiurus nebulosus, Lota lota, Prosopium cylindraceum (als Estats Units), Esox niger, Salvelinus namaycush i Salmo salar.[8]

Hàbitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

És un peix de clima temperat i demersal que viu fins als 72 m de fondària.[5][9]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es troba a Nord-amèrica i Sibèria.[10][5][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37]

Observacions[modifica | modifica el codi]

És inofensiu per als humans.[5]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Jordan D. S., 1878. Manual of the vertebrates of the northern United States, including the district east of the Mississippi River and north of North Carolina and Tennessee, exclusive of marine species. Xicago. 2a. edició, revisada i ampliada. Manual Vert. 1-407.
  2. BioLib (anglès)
  3. Pennant, T., 1784-1785. Arctic zoology. 2 vols. Henry Hughs, Londres. Arctic zoology.: Vol. 1: (10) + I-CC + (5) + 1-185, Pls. 1-8, (1784), Vol. 2: 187-586 + (13), Pls. 9-23 (1785).
  4. IGFA, 2001. Base de dades de registres de pesca IGFA fins al 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Estats Units.
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 FishBase (anglès)
  6. Scott, W.B. i E.J. Crossman, 1973.
  7. Berg, L.S., 1962. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volum 1, quarta edició. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd, Jerusalem.
  8. FishBase (anglès)
  9. Scott, W.B. i E.J. Crossman, 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184:1-966.
  10. Reshetnikov, Y.S., N.G. Bogutskaya, E.D. Vasil'eva, E.A. Dorofeeva, A.M. Naseka, O.A. Popova, K.A. Savvaitova, V.G. Sideleva i L.I. Sokolov, 1997. An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia. J. Ichthyol. 37(9): 687-736.
  11. Andriyashev, A.P. i N.V. Chernova, 1995. Annotated list of fishlike vertebrates and fish of the arctic seas and adjacent waters. J. Ichthyol. 35(1):81-123.
  12. Armstrong, J.W., C.R. Liston, P.I. Tack i R.C. Anderson, 1977. Age, growth, maturity, and seasonal food habits of round whitefish, Prosopium cylindraceum, in Lake Michigan near Ludington, Michigan. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 106(2):151-155.
  13. Auer, N.A., 1982. Family Salmonidae, trouts. p. 80-145. A: N.A. Auer (ed.) Identification of larval fishes of the Great Lakes basin with emphasis on the Lake Michigan drainage. Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Special Publ. 82-3, 744 p.
  14. Bailey, M.M., 1963. Age, growth and maturity of round whitefish of the Apostle Islands and Isle Royale regions, Lake Superior. Fish. Bull. 63(1):63-75.
  15. Coad, B.W. i J.D. Reist, 2004. Annotated list of the arctic marine fishes of Canada. Can. MS Rep. Fish Aquat. Sci. 2674:iv:+112 p.
  16. Coker, G.A., C.B. Portt i C.K. Minns, 2001. Morphological and ecological characteristics of Canadian freshwater fishes. Can. Manuscr. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. Núm. 2554. 89p.
  17. Cox, P., 1896. Catalogue of the marine and freshwater fishes of New Brunswick. Bull. Nat. His. Soc. New Brunswick 13:62-75.
  18. Craig, P.C., 1984. Fish use of coastal waters of the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: a review. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 113(3):265-282.
  19. Dunbar, M.J. i H.H. Hildebrand, 1952. Contribution to the study of fishes of Ungava Bay. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 9(2):83-128.
  20. Dymond, J.R., 1947. A list of the freshwater fishes of Canada east of the Rocky Mountains, with keys. Roy. Ont. Mus. Zool. Misc. Publ. 1:36 p.
  21. Evermann, B.W. i E.L. Goldsborough, 1907. The fishes of Alaska. Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish. 26: 219-360.
  22. Fedorov, V.V., I.A. Chereshnev, M.V. Nazarkin, A.V. Shestakov i V.V. Volobuev, 2003. Catalog of marine and freswater fishes of the northern part of the Sea of Okhotsk. Vladivostok: Dalnauka, 2003. 204 p.
  23. Furniss, R.A., 1974. Inventory and cataloging of Arctic area waters. Alaska Dept. Fish Game Fed. Aid Fish. Restor., Ann. Performance Rept., Project F-9-6, Job G-I-I. 15: 1-45.
  24. Graves, J. i E. Hall, 1988. Arctic Animals Department of Renewable Resources, Government of the Northwest Territories, Yellowknife, N.W.T., Canadà. 85 p.
  25. Harper, F., 1948. Fishes of the Nueltin Lake expedition, Keewatin, 1947. Part 2 - Historical and field notes. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 50: 153-184.
  26. Harper, F. i, J.T. Nichols 1919. Six new fishes from northwestern Canada. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. N.Y. 41(2):263-270.
  27. Hugg, D.O., 1996. MAPFISH georeferenced mapping database. Freshwater and estuarine fishes of North America. Life Science Software. Dennis O. i Steven Hugg, 1278 Turkey Point Road, Edgewater, Maryland, Estats Units.
  28. Jessop, B.M. i G. Power, 1973. Age, growth, and maturity of round whitefish (Prosopium cylindraceum) from the Leaf River, Ungava, Quebec. J. Fish Res. Board Can.30:299-304.
  29. Mackay, I. i G. Power, 1968. Age and growth of round whitefish (Prosopium cylindraceum) from Ungava. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 25:657-666.
  30. McPhail, J.D. i C.C. Lindsey, 1970. Freshwater fishes of northwestern Canada and Alaska. Fish. Res. Board Can. Bull. 173:381 p.
  31. McPhail, J.D. i R. Carveth, 1993. Field key to the freshwater fishes of British Columbia. Fish Museum, Department of Zoology, U.B.C., Canadà, 239 p.
  32. Morin, R., J.J. Dodson i G. Power, 1982. Life history variations of anadromous cisco (Coregonus artedii), lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis), and round whitefish (Prosopium cylindraceum) populations of eastern James-Hudson Bay. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 39:958-967.
  33. Morrow, J.E., 1980. The freshwater fishes of Alaska. University of. B.C. Animal Resources Ecology Library. 248p.
  34. Mraz, D., 1964. Age and growth of round whitefish in Lake Michigan. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 93(1):46-52.
  35. Nelson, J.S. i M.J. Paetz, 1992. The fishes of Alberta. The University of Alberta Press, Canadà.
  36. Normandeau, D.A., 1969. Life history and ecology of the round whitefish, Prosopium cylindraceum (Pallas), of Newfoundland Lake, Bristol, New Hampshire. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 98(1):7-13.
  37. Richardson, J., 1836. The fish. Fauna Boreali-Americana; or the zoology of of the northern parts of British America. (3): 327 p.

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Allendorf, F.W. i G.H. Thorgaard, 1984. Tetraploidy and the evolution of Salmonid fishes. p. 1-53. A: B.J. Turner (ed.) Evolutionary genetics of fishes. Plenum Publishing Corporation, Nova York.
  • Anònim, 2000. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, Sud-àfrica. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, Sud-àfrica.
  • Anònim, 2001. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes.
  • Anònim, 2002. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, Estats Units.
  • Booke, H.E., 1974. A cytotaxonomic study of the round whitefishes, genus Prosopium. Copeia (1):115-119.
  • Carlander, K.D., 1969. Handbook of freshwater fishery biology, volum 1. The Iowa State University Press, Ames. Iowa.
  • Eschmeyer, William N.: Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. iii + 697. ISBN 0-940228-23-8. Any 1990.
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Frolov, S.V., 1992. Some aspects of karyotype evolution in the Coregoninae. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 39(3-4):509-515.
  • He, J.X. i D.J. Stewart, 2001. Age and size at first reproduction of fishes: predictive models based on growth trajectories. Ecology 82:784-792.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts (Estats Units), 1997.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall. Any 2000.
  • Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea i J.D. Williams, 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland, Estats Units.
  • Nelson, J.S. 2006: Fishes of the world. Quarta edició. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, Nova Jersey, Estats Units. 601 p.
  • Riede, K., 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Alemanya. 329 p.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1980. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p.
  • Vasil'ev, V.P., 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3): 1-38.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a. edició, Londres: Macdonald. Any 1985.

Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]

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