Sardinella gibbosa

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Sardinella gibbosa

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Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Ordre: Clupeiformes
Família: Clupeidae
Gènere: Sardinella
(Valenciennes a Cuvier i Valenciennes, 1847)[1]
Espècie: S. gibbosa
Nom binomial
Sardinella gibbosa
(Bleeker, 1849)[2][3]
Sinònims
  • Clupea gibbosa (Bleeker, 1849)
  • Clupea immaculata (Kishinouye, 1908)
  • Fimbriclupea dactylolepis (Whitley, 1940)
  • Fimbriclupea dactyolepis (Whitley, 1940)
  • Harengula gibbosa (Bleeker, 1849)
  • Sardinella dactylolepis (Whitley, 1940)
  • Sardinella taiwanensis (Raja & Hiyama, 1969)
  • Sardinelola gibbosa (Bleeker, 1849)
  • Sardinia immaculata (Kishinouye, 1908)
  • Spratella tembang (Bleeker, 1851)[4]

Sardinella gibbosa és una espècie de peix de la família dels clupeids i de l'ordre dels clupeïformes.

Morfologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

Alimentació[modifica | modifica el codi]

Menja fitoplàncton i zooplàncton (larves de crustacis i mol·luscs).[7][8][9]

Hàbitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

És un peix marí, associat als esculls de corall i de clima tropical (41°N-25°S, 43°E-135°E ) que es troba entre 10-70 m de fondària.[10]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es troba des del Golf Pèrsic,[11] l'Àfrica Oriental i Madagascar fins a Indonèsia,[12] Taiwan,[13][14] Corea, el Mar d'Arafura[15] i el nord d'Austràlia.[16][17][18][19][20][6]

Longevitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

Pot viure fins als 7 anys.[21]

Costums[modifica | modifica el codi]

Forma bancs a les aigües costaneres.[6]

Ús comercial[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es comercialitza fresc, adobat amb sal, cuit o en forma de mandonguilles de peix.[6]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Cuvier G. & Valenciennes A. 1847. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome vingtième. Livre vingt et unième. De la famille des Clupéoïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 20. i-xviii + 1 p. + 1-472.
  2. BioLib (anglès)
  3. Bleeker, P. 1849. A contribution to the knowledge of the ichthyological fauna of Celebes. J. Indian Arch. & E. Asia v. 3: 65-74.
  4. «Sardinella gibbosa». Catalogue of Life. (anglès)
  5. Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. Part 1 - Chirocentridae, Clupeidae and Pristigasteridae. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. ISBN 92-5-102340-9.
  6. 6,0 6,1 6,2 6,3 FishBase (anglès)
  7. Fischer, W., I. Sousa, C. Silva, A. de Freitas, J.M. Poutiers, W. Schneider, T.C. Borges, J.P. Feral i A. Massinga 1990. Fichas FAO de identificaçao de espécies para actividades de pesca. Guia de campo das espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Moçambique. Publicaçao preparada em collaboraçao com o Instituto de Investigaçao Pesquiera de Moçambique, com financiamento do Projecto PNUD/FAO MOZ/86/030 e de NORAD. Roma, FAO. 1990. 424 p.
  8. Sousa, M.I. i M. Dias 1981. Catálogo de peixes de Moçambique - Zona Sul. Instituto de Desenvolvimento Pesqueiro, Maputo, Moçambic. 121 p.
  9. Lazarus, S. 1977. Observations on the food and feeding habits of Sardinella gibbosa from Vizhinjam. Indian J. Fish. 24 (1/2):107-112.
  10. Pauly, D., A. Cabanban i F.S.B. Torres, Jr. 1996. Fishery biology of 40 trawl-caught teleosts of western Indonesia. p. 135-216. A D. Pauly and P. Martosubroto (eds.) Baseline studies of biodiversity: the fish resource of western Indonesia. ICLARM Studies and Reviews 23.
  11. Assadi, H. i R. Dehghani P. 1997. Atlas of the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman fishes. Iranian Fisheries Research and Training Organization, Iran.
  12. Pauly, D., A. Cabanban i F.S.B. Torres, Jr. 1996. Fishery biology of 40 trawl-caught teleosts of western Indonesia. p. 135-216. A D. Pauly i P. Martosubroto (eds.) Baseline studies of biodiversity: the fish resource of western Indonesia. ICLARM Studies and Reviews 23.
  13. Shao, K.-T., J.-P. Chen, P.-H. Kao i C.-Y. Wu 1993. Fish fauna and their geographical distribution along the western coast of Taiwan. Acata Zoologica Taiwanica 4(2): 113-140.
  14. Randall, J.E. i K.K.P. Lim (eds.) 2000. A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667.
  15. Russell, B.C. i W. Houston 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. Beagle 6(1):69-84.
  16. Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen i J.E. Hanley 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p.
  17. Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2):709-762.
  18. Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton i G.R. Allen 2006. Fishes. A Beasley, O.L. i A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia Part 1, pp. xxiv 1-670; Part 2, pp. xxi 671-1472; Part 3, pp. xxi 1473-2178.
  19. Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. i P.J. Kailola 1984. Trawled fishes of southern Indonesia and northwestern Australia. Australian Development Assistance Bureau, Australia, Directorate General of Fishes, Indonèsia, and German Agency for Technical Cooperation, República Federal d'Alemanya. 407 p.
  20. Blaber, S.J.M., J.W. Young i M.C. Dunning 1985. Community structure and zoogeographic affinities of the coastal fishes of the Dampier region of north-western Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 36:247-266.
  21. Sanders, M.J. i G.R. Morgan 1989. Review of the fisheries resources of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. FAO Fish. Tech. Rep. (304):138 p.

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Bennet, P.S., P.N.R. Nair, G. Luther, G.G. Annigeri, S.S. Rangan i K.N. Kurup 1992. Resource characteristics and stock assessment of lesser sardines in the Indian waters. Indian J. Fish. 39(3,4):136-151.
  • Bleeker, P. 1849. A contribution to the knowledge of the ichthyological fauna of Celebes. J. Indian Arch. & E. Asia 3:65-74.
  • Chen, C.-H. 2004. Checklist of the fishes of Penghu. FRI Special Publication Núm. 4. 175 p.
  • Dalzell, P. i R.A. Ganaden 1987. A review of the fisheries for small pelagic fishes in Philippine waters. Tech. Pap. Ser. Bur. Fish. Aquat. Resour. (Philipp.) 10(1):58 p. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Quezon City, Filipines.
  • Dayaratne, P. i J. Gjøsaeter 1986. Age and growth of four Sardinella species from Sri Lanka. Fish. Res. 4:1-33.
  • Dayaratne, P. 1997. Some observations on the fishery and biology of Sardinella gibbosa. J. Natl. Aquat. Res. Agency, Sri Lanka 33:00-00.
  • Dayaratne, P. 1998. Review of resource assessment information on small pelagic fish stocks in coastal marine waters of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka J. Aquat. Sci. 3:1-10.
  • De Bruin, G.H.P., B.C. Russell i A. Bogusch 1995. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The marine fishery resources of Sri Lanka. Roma, FAO. 400 p.
  • Eschmeyer, William N.: Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. iii + 697. ISBN 0-940228-23-8 (1990).
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. 2905. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Fouda, M.M. i G.V. Hermosa, Jr. 1993. A checklist of Oman fishes. Sultan Qaboos University Press, Sultanate of Oman. 42 p.
  • Gell, F.R. i M.W. Whittington 2002. Diversity of fishes in seagrass beds in the Quirimba Archipelago, northern Mozambique. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 53:115-121.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The Diversity of Fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts (Estats Units), 1997. ISBN 1-4051-2494-6.
  • Herre, A.W.C.T. 1953. Check list of Philippine fishes. Res. Rep. U.S. Fish Wild. Serv., (20):977 p.
  • Kapoor, D., R. Dayal i A.G. Ponniah 2002. Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, Índia.775 p.
  • Lazarus, S. 1977. Observations on the food and feeding habits of Sardinella gibbosa from Vizhinjam. Indian J. Fish. 24 (1/2):107-112.
  • Makwaia, E.D.S. i L.B. Nhwani 1992. Population parameters of Sardinella species in the coastal waters of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Naga ICLARM Q. 15(1):25-28.
  • Mohsin, A.K.M. i M.A. Ambak 1996. Marine fishes and fisheries of Malaysia and neighbouring countries. University of Pertanian Malaysia Press, Serdang, Malàisia. 744 p.
  • Monkolprasit, S., S. Sontirat, S. Vimollohakarn i T. Songsirikul 1997. Checklist of Fishes in Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bangkok, Tailàndia. 353 p.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall. Any 2000. ISBN 0-13-011282-8.
  • Nelson, J.S. 2006: Fishes of the world. Quarta edició. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, Nova Jersey, Estats Units. 601 p. ISBN 0-471-25031-7.
  • Randall, J.E. 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p.
  • Sanders, M.J. i G.R. Morgan 1989. Review of the fisheries resources of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. FAO Fish. Tech. Rep. (304):138 p.
  • Seale, A. 1908. The fishery resources of the Philippine Islands. Part I, commercial fishes. Philipp. J. Sci. 3(6):513-531.
  • Sekharan, K.V. 1968. Growth rate of the sardines, Sardinella albella(Val.) and Sardinella gibbosa (Bleek.), in the Mandapam area. Indian J. Fish. 15(1 & 2):68-80.
  • Sommer, C., W. Schneider i J.-M. Poutiers 1996. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Somalia. FAO, Roma. 376 p.
  • Sousa, M.I. i M. Dias 1981. Catálogo de peixes de Moçambique - Zona Sul. Instituto de Desenvolvimento Pesqueiro, Maputo, Moçambic. 121 p.
  • Suvatti, C. 1981. Fishes of Thailand. Royal Institute of Thailand, Bangkok, Tailàndia. 379 p.
  • Talwar, P.K. i R.K. Kacker 1984. Commercial sea fishes of India. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. 997 p.
  • Van Nierop, M. i L.B. Nhwani 1986. Growth parameters of the goldstripe sardinella (Sardinella gibbosa), the spotted sardinella (Amblygaster sirm) and the Indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta) from Zanzibar waters. SWOP Document. RAF/79/065/DP/??/86. 36 p.
  • Wass, R.C. 1984. An annotated checklist of the fishes of Samoa. Natl. Ocean. Atmos. Adminis. Tech. Rept., Natl. Mar. Fish. Serv., Spec. Sci. Rept. Fish. (781).
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a. edició, Londres: Macdonald. Any 1985. ISBN 0-356-10715-9.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1974. Clupeidae. A W. Fischer i P.J.P. Whitehead (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 57) and Western Central Pacific (Fishing Area 71). vol. 1. (pag. var.). FAO, Roma.
  • Zhang, S. 2001. Fauna Sinica. Osteichthyes. Acipenseriformes, Elopiformes, Clupeiformes, Gonorhynchiformes. Science Press, Beijing, Xina. 209 p.

Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]