Símbol sexual

De Viquipèdia
(S'ha redirigit des de: Sex symbol)
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Marilyn Monroe, a la pel·lícula Els homes les prefereixen rosses

Un símbol sexual o un sex symbol és una persona famosa de qualsevol sexe o orientació sexual que destaca pel seu atractiu eròtic segons l'opinió d'una gran quantitat de persones. Molt sovint les professions dels símbols sexuals són actors, músics, models, ídols de l'adolescència o estrelles de l'esport.

En el cinema els sex symbols estan relacionats am l'star system ja des de l'època del cinema mut amb el fenomen de les vampiresses com Theda Bara i Pola Negri. Els diaris sensacionalistes els paparazzis i les tertúlies televisives tenen un gran paper en la creació d'aquests models sexuals. El sex symbol és sobretot un fenomen sociològic lligat al desenvolupament de les comunicacions que permet que determinades persones arribin a la fama i la seva imatge sigui coneguda pel gran públic.

Exemples notables[modifica | modifica el codi]

Anys 1920 i anteriors[modifica | modifica el codi]

Anys 1930[modifica | modifica el codi]

Anys 1940[modifica | modifica el codi]

Anys 1950[modifica | modifica el codi]

Anys 1960[modifica | modifica el codi]

Anys 1970[modifica | modifica el codi]

Anys 1980[modifica | modifica el codi]

Anys 1990[modifica | modifica el codi]

Anys 2000[modifica | modifica el codi]

Anys 2010[modifica | modifica el codi]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Jules-Rosette, Bennetta. Josephine Baker in art and life: the icon and the image. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2007, p. 54. ISBN 0-252-03157-1. 
  2. Theda Bara Sex Symbol:That Silent Film Vamp Drove Men Mad, 1917, <http://www.oldmagazinearticles.com/Silent_Film_Actress_Theda_Bara_ARTICLE>
  3. Eyman, Scott. "Briefly a Movie Actress— Still a Potent Sex Symbol" New York Observer (December 18, 2006)
  4. 1920s Sex Symbol Clara Bow, USA, 2008-11-05, <http://www.spaciousplanet.com/world/guide/1920s-sex-symbol-clara-bow>. Consultat el 18 març 2011
  5. Obituary Variety, November 6, 1968, page 71.
  6. Fields, Armond (2008), Lillian Russell: A Biography of America's Beauty, McFarland, p. 215, ISBN 978-0-7864-3868-6, <http://books.google.com.br/books?id=KtR81ZN533gC&printsec=frontcover&dq=A+Biography+of+America%27s+Beauty+lillian+russell&source=bl&ots=qCgL_a8W2m&sig=_yN_Riq00bBYmcYirBmGphMOLm4&hl=pt-BR&ei=E-l7Tfz9KcOqlAeFrP22BQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q&f=false>
  7. Rudolph Valentino: Style Icon, USA, 2009-10-22, <http://www.askmen.com/fashion/style_icon_100/134_style-icon-rudolph-valentino.html>. Consultat el 1 abril 2011
  8. 8,00 8,01 8,02 8,03 8,04 8,05 8,06 8,07 8,08 8,09 8,10 8,11 8,12 " xianet.net (February 6, 2012)
  9. Caterson, Simon (10-06-2009), Errol Flynn, man in tights, Australia, <http://www.onlineopinion.com.au/view.asp?article=9021>. Consultat el 5 abril 2011
  10. 10,0 10,1 Gribben, Mark. "Lana Turner and Johnny Stompanato - Hollywood Homicide" TruTv website
  11. Shimizu, Celine Parreñas. The hypersexuality of race: performing Asian/American women on screen and scene Duke University Press, 2007. ISBN 0-8223-4033-X p.90
  12. «A Tribute to Rita Hayworth». Classic movies, 2008. [Consulta: 2008].
  13. Plantilla:Cite magazine
  14. Porter, Darwin. Howard Hughes: Hell's Angel. Blood Moon Productions Ltd., 2005, p. 639. ISBN 0-9748118-1-5. 
  15. «1940s sex symbol Jane Russell dies at 89». today.msnbc.msn.com, 3 February 2011. [Consulta: 30 May 2011].
  16. «The 100 Sexiest Movie Stars of All Time – 71. Gene Tierney». premiere.com. [Consulta: 7 October 2010].
  17. Linda Williams (2008), Screening sex, Duke University Press, ISBN 0-8223-4285-5, p.114.
  18. " LA Times (February 6, 2012)
  19. 19,0 19,1 19,2 «Top 10 Sex Symbols of the 50s & 60s». [Consulta: 6 February 2012].
  20. Landazuri, Margarita. "How to Marry a Millionaire" on TCM.com
  21. " Britannica (February 6, 2012)
  22. "Amazing Grace: Why we'll always adore the divine Grace Kelly" The Independent (March 23, 2010)
  23. Gina Lollobrigida Biography, USA, 2007, <http://www.nndb.com/people/277/000023208/>
  24. 24,00 24,01 24,02 24,03 24,04 24,05 24,06 24,07 24,08 24,09 24,10 24,11 24,12 24,13 24,14 " Channel4.com (February 6, 2012)
  25. Error de citació: Etiqueta <ref> no vàlida; no s'ha proporcionat text per les refs amb l'etiqueta Flexner
  26. " Entertainment Weekly (February 6, 2012)
  27. Mallory, Peter. "Remembering Elizabeth Taylor, America's sweetheart and sex symbol for the older generation" NSBNEws.net (March 23, 2011)
  28. King, Susan. "Mamie Van Doren is all dressed up" Los Angeles Times (January 1, 2011)
  29. 29,0 29,1 29,2 29,3 «Legendary Icons - Male Sex Symbols Through The Years», (c)2011. [Consulta: 2011-12-21].
  30. [1] in.lifestyle.yahoo.com (February 6, 2012)
  31. Biond, Chris. «Fonda memories and the changing face of the sex symbol». [Consulta: 3 March 2010].
  32. Davey, Steven. Toronto Star (November 25, 1977)
  33. «BBC News – Sir Tom Jones on being a sex symbol». bbc.co.uk, 27 September 2010 [Consulta: 30 maig 2011].
  34. Smithson, Robert. "Eartha Kitt, Exotic Songstress and Actress, Dies at 81" Playbill.com (December 25, 2008)
  35. Scott, Vernon. "Ann-Margret: Sex Symbol Who Stayed" Palm Beach Post (May 2, 1980)
  36. «Isabel Sarli - Film Society of Lincoln Center», 2010. [Consulta: 2012-12-17].
  37. [2][Enllaç no actiu]
  38. «Raquel Welch». Cult Sirens, 2009-06. [Consulta: 2009-09].
  39. «"Me autoabastezco todo el tiempo"» (en spanish). El País (Uruguay). [Consulta: 2012-12-17].
  40. «Catherine Bach News and Trivias at CelebrityWonder.com». Celebritywonder.ugo.com. [Consulta: 2012-05-18].
  41. "Jacqueline Bisset" Los Angeles Times (ndg)
  42. «Moría Casán también apuntó contra los Kirchner: “Para mí esto es una dictadura real”.» (en spanish). Diario Política, 2009-11-16. [Consulta: 2012-12-17].
  43. Bennetts, Leslie (2009-08-03), Farrah Fawcett: America's Angel, United States, <http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/features/2009/09/farrah-fawcett-outtakes200909#slide=1>. Consultat el 3 agost 2009
  44. «Pam Grier». Cult Sirens, 2003-06. [Consulta: 2010-09].
  45. Janowitz, Tama. «Sex as a Weapon». Spin, vol. 3, April 1987, pàg. 57. «I'm a sex symbol in Italy.»
  46. «THE EVOLUTION OF SEX SYMBOLS». [Consulta: 2012-07-28].
  47. Grimes, William (2011-02-03), ‘Last Tango in Paris’ Star Maria Schneider Dies, United States, <http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/02/03/last-tango-in-paris-star-maria-schneider-dies/>. Consultat el 2 abril 2012
  48. «Tom Cruise». Askmen.com. [Consulta: 6 February 2012].
  49. «Bo Derek perfect 10: 80s sex symbol looks stunning at fashion party in Cologne». dailymail.co.uk [London], 4 February 2011 [Consulta: 30 maig 2011].
  50. «Cher Quotes: Top 10 Quotes by Cher».
  51. «No. 7 Heather Locklear». [Consulta: 20 June 2013].
  52. Janowitz, Tama. «Sex as a Weapon». Spin, vol. 3, April 1987, pàg. 57. «I couldn't be a success without also being a sex symbol.»
  53. Stillwater, Willa. «M Poetica: Michael Jackson's Art of Connection and Defiance». , April 2011, pàg. 367. «...Jackson as an international sex symbol...»
  54. Michael Jackson. «Michael Jackson: the lovers». Telegraph. [Consulta: 2013-06-20].
  55. Green, Michelle (1985-02-04), The Dish from Down Under: Mel Gibson's Sizzling Screen Presence Hides a Shy Family Man on the Run from His Own Sexcess, United States, <http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20089848,00.html>. Consultat el 10 febrer 1985
  56. «Alan Rickman». Allmovie.com. [Consulta: 11 July 2012].
  57. VinCy Thomas. «Ecran Noir – Mickey Rourke». Ecrannoir.fr. [Consulta: 2009-07-05].
  58. Serena Kappes. «Former TV sex symbol Heather Thomas is a screenwriter, activist, mom». CNN, 2003-01-28 [Consulta: 26 setembre 2009].
  59. John Dingwall. «Exclusive: No Place Like Rome». Daily Record, 2006-03-24. [Consulta: 2013-04-17].
  60. " Top 7: '90s Sex Symbols (February 6, 2012)
  61. " Ask men (August 26,2012)
  62. «Pamela Anderson». msnbc.com, (c)2003. [Consulta: 2010-12-09].
  63. Access Hollywood. «TV One Access: The Most Legendary Sex Symbols Of All Time!», 2010-05-14. [Consulta: 2012-02-06].
  64. «The 5: Sex Symbols Who Captivated a Decade», (c)2011. [Consulta: 2011-02-06].
  65. «Leonardo DiCaprio». msnbc.com, (c)2003. [Consulta: 2010-12-09].
  66. " People Magazine (April 2, 2012)
  67. Murray, Sonia (1994-02-03), "Janet: The Queen of Pop: Michael could lose his crown to his hot little sister", The Vancouver Sun: C1, ISSN 0832-1299
  68. «No.3 Jenny McCarthy». [Consulta: 20 June 2013].
  69. «Antonio, Party of One». marcusschenkenberg.eu.com, (c)2010. [Consulta: 2012-02-06].
  70. «Tupac Shakur». Vibe Ventures, (c)1997 [Consulta: 6 febrer 2012].
  71. While the wife's away... As Katy Perry is hard at work, her husband Russell Brand enlists supermodel Cindy Crawford and sex symbol Sharon Stone to keep him company, UK, 2011-9-23, <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-2040879/Russell-Brand-enlists-Cindy-Crawford-Sharon-Stone-company.html>. Consultat el 6 febrer 2012
  72. «Britney Spears | Spears Baffled By Sex Symbol Status». Contactmusic, 2010-01-11. [Consulta: 2012-05-18].
  73. «X Factor USA's Britney Spears Shocked Over 'Sex Symbol' Status». Entertainmentwise, 2012-09-20. [Consulta: 2013-06-20].
  74. metrowebukmetro. «Britney Spears admits she's shocked her sex symbol status is still intact | Metro News». Metro.co.uk, 2012-09-19. [Consulta: 2013-06-20].
  75. "The singer on being a sex symbol, the power of smiling (...)" - Daily Mail, 2011
  76. prcrossing.com. «What's love got to do with it? | Career Feature». Prcrossing.com. [Consulta: 2013-04-17].
  77. Galkin, Alexandra. «Jennifer Lopez's 'On the Floor' music video premieres on 'American Idol' - New York Daily News». Articles.nydailynews.com, 2011-03-04 [Consulta: 18 maig 2012].
  78. The Most Legendary Sex Symbols Of All Time!, USA, 2010, <http://www.accesshollywood.com/tatyana-ali/tv-one-access-the-most-legendary-sex-symbols-of-all-time_article_32342>. Consultat el 21 novembre
  79. «Sultry Singer Aaliyah | Jet». Find Articles, 2001-07-23 [Consulta: 18 maig 2012].
  80. Christian Bale sick of sex symbol status, Thailand, 2009, <http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/world-news/christian-bale-sick-of-sex-symbol-status_10076415.html>. Consultat el 21 novembre
  81. Romanian Times. «Italian Sex Symbol Monica Bellucci to star in movie in Bucharest», 2009-11-13. [Consulta: 2010-10-20].
  82. «Evening Express – Article – Cheryl Cole not comfortable with ‘sex symbol’ label». eveningexpress.co.uk. [Consulta: July 14, 2011].
  83. «Jolie named 'sexiest person ever'». BBC [London], 2007-02-24 [Consulta: 24 febrer 2007].
  84. «That's better! Catherine Zeta-Jones puts fashion faux pas behind her with 'Park Avenue princess' style». Daily Mail [London], 2009-11-24 [Consulta: 2 abril 2012].
  85. Donnelly, Gabrielle. «Is Hugh Laurie the new George Clooney? The House actor on how he's set pulses racing as TV's moodiest medic». DailyMail [London], 2008-08-09 [Consulta: 7 febrer 2012].
  86. "Tony Parker 'Over' Eva Longoria's Sex Symbol Status http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,510723,00.html#ixzz1leu3a4gM" Fox news (March 26, 2009)
  87. April 17, 2012 AT 10:45AM. «Robert Pattinson "Really Insecure" About His Shirtless Body». UsMagazine.com, 2012-04-17. [Consulta: 2013-04-17].
  88. McKay, Hollie. «Star Sofia Vergara 'Loves' Her Sex Symbol Status». Fox News, 2011-07-20 [Consulta: 20 juliol 2011].
  89. «Teri Hatcher: 'I'll Always be a Sex Symbol'», 11 June 2009. [Consulta: 20 June 2013].
  90. «Teri Hatcher: Biography». [Consulta: 20 June 2013].
  91. «Eva Mendes uses her sex-symbol status to secure film roles», 12 November 2009. [Consulta: 20 June 2013].
  92. «Eva Mendes 'loves' sex symbol status», 4 October 2008. [Consulta: 20 June 2013].
  93. Powers, Ann. «Props mistress». Los Angeles Times, March 7 2007 [Consulta: 28 maig 2013]. «"More than any other mainstream pop artist of her generation, Aguilera cares about her cultural progenitors, not only music genres such as blues and soul, but also visual motifs. It's one successful trick she's picked up from Madonna: Instead of merely trading in moves now recognized as hot or cute, she presents her own performance as a sex symbol within hallowed traditions of female spectacle."»
  94. «19. Christina Aguilera», 5 March 2013. [Consulta: 20 June 2013].
  95. «Christina Aguilera's Dirrty Voted Sexiest Music Video Of All Time», 18 February 2009. [Consulta: 20 June 2013].
  96. Chris Lee. «Megan Fox: Hollywood's outrageous it girl – Los Angeles Times». articles.latimes.com, September 23, 2009 [Consulta: 1 juny 2011]. «a sex symbol of the highest order»
  97. Michael Y. Park. «Kristen Stewart: Taylor Lautner Grew Up During New Moon». people.com, August 11, 2009. [Consulta: May 5, 2013]. «even more astounding was the way the 17-year-old went from skinny teen to hunky sex symbol for his role.»
  98. Mc Cormack, Kirsty. «What's with the beards! Tom Hardy and Jake Gyllenhaal shun their sex symbol status as they sport scruffy-looking facial hair». Daily Mail, 2012-04-02.
  99. «Dita Von Teese bi-sex symbol». Femalefirst.co.uk, 2006-06-29. [Consulta: 2012-05-18].
  100. Amelia Proud. «Mad Men star January Jones is sex symbol no more in dowdy shoes». Daily Mail Online. Dailymail.co.uk [London], 2012-04-27 [Consulta: 18 maig 2012].
  101. «Katy Perry». AskMen. [Consulta: 2013-06-20].
  102. «Rihanna "Uncomfortable" Being A Sex Symbol | Rihanna | News | MTV UK». Mtv.co.uk, 2011-03-21. [Consulta: 2013-04-17].
  103. «Scarlett Johansson - Ask Men». AskMen.com. [Consulta: 2012-05-20].
  104. «Shirtless Tebow is Jockey sex symbol». usatoday.com, 2012-01-11 [Consulta: 18 maig 2012].
  105. «Jessica Alba on Motherhood, Turning 30, and Her Sex Symbol Status». Parade.com, 2012-01-21. [Consulta: 2013-04-17].
  106. https://www.digitalspy.com/celebrity/news/a160721/reynolds-being-a-sex-symbol-is-embarrassing.html
  107. «Mila Kunis refuses to buy into sex symbol status». hollywood.com, 2012-06-14. Arxivat de l'original el 2013-01-25. [Consulta: 2012-06-22].
  108. «Amber Heard, sex symbol et femme fatale confirmée». [Consulta: 16 August 2012].
  109. «Christina Hendricks Loves Being a Sex Symbol». [Consulta: 23 September 2012].
  110. «Joe Manganiello on Being a Sex Symbol: It's Pretty Flattering». [Consulta: 23 September 2012].
  111. Alison De Souza. «Ryan Gosling, a reluctant sex symbol?», January 11, 2013. [Consulta: May 5, 2013].
  112. Amy Duncan. «Jennifer Lawrence: Being a sex symbol makes me feel queasy», March 7, 2013. [Consulta: May 12, 2013].

Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]