Spratelloides delicatulus

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Spratelloides delicatulus
XRF-Spratelloides delicatulus.jpg
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Osteichthyes
(Huxley, 1880)
Subclasse: Neopterygii
Infraclasse: Teleostei
Ordre: Clupeiformes
Família: Clupeidae
Gènere: Spratelloides
(Bleeker, 1851)[1]
Espècie: S. delicatulus
Nom binomial
Spratelloides delicatulus
(Bennett, 1832)[2]
Sinònims
  • Alausa alburnus (Kner & Steindachner, 1867)
  • Alosa alburnus (Kner & Steindachner, 1867)
  • Clupea delicatula (Bennett, 1832)
  • Clupea macassariensis (Bleeker, 1849)
  • Spratelloides decicatulus (Bennett, 1832)
  • Stolephorus delicatulus (Bennett, 1832)[3]

Spratelloides delicatulus és una espècie de peix pertanyent a la família dels clupeids.[4]

Descripció[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Pot arribar a fer 7 cm de llargària màxima.
  • 11-13 radis tous a l'aleta dorsal i 10-11 a l'anal.[5][6]

Alimentació[modifica | modifica el codi]

Menja plàncton.[5]

Depredadors[modifica | modifica el codi]

És depredat a les illes Marshall per Epinephelus fuscoguttatus, Lutjanus vitta i Scomberoides lysan; a Salomó per Atule mate, Caranx melampygus, Megalaspis cordyla, Scomberoides tol, Chirocentrus dorab, Lutjanus ehrenbergii, Auxis thazard, Euthynnus affinis i Rastrelliger kanagurta. També ho és per l'anfós lleopard (Plectropomus leopardus).[7]

Hàbitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

És un peix marí, associat als esculls i de clima tropical (40°N-29°S, 29°E-143°W) que viu entre 0-50 m de fondària.[5][8]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es troba des del mar Roig i l'Àfrica Oriental[9][10] fins a les illes de la Societat (llevat de les Tuamotu i les illes Marqueses), el sud del Japó[11] i el nord d'Austràlia.[12][13][14] N'hi ha un registre a la Mediterrània oriental (Tel-Aviv, Israel).[15][16][5][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60][61]

Ús comercial[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es comercialitza fresc, en salaó i com a esquer per a la pesca de la tonyina.[62]

Observacions[modifica | modifica el codi]

És inofensiu per als humans.[5]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Bleeker P., 1851. Nieuwe bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van Celebes. Natuurkd. Tijdschr. Neder. Indië v. 2. 209-224.
  2. Bennett, E. T., 1832. Observations on a collection of fishes from the Mauritius, presented by Mr. Telfair, with characters of new genera and species. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1830-31 (pt 1): 165-169.
  3. Catalogue of Life (anglès)
  4. The Taxonomicon (anglès)
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 5,4 FishBase (anglès)
  6. Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. Part 1 - Chirocentridae, Clupeidae and Pristigasteridae. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303.
  7. FishBase (anglès)
  8. Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985.
  9. Pereira, M.A.M., 2000. Preliminary checklist of reef-associated fishes of Mozambique. Maputo, Ministry for the Coordination of Environmental Affairs (MICOA). 21 pp.
  10. Smith, J.L.B., 1969. Fishes of Inhaca. p. 131-136. A: W. Macnae i M. Kalk (eds.) A natural history of Inhaca Island, Moçambique. Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg.
  11. Okiyama, M., 1988. An atlas of the early stage fishes in Japan. Tokai University Press, Tòquio, Japó. 1157 p.
  12. Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton i G.R. Allen, 2006. Fishes. A Beasley, O.L. i A. Wells (eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volum 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia Part 1, pp. xxiv 1-670; Part 2, pp. xxi 671-1472; Part 3, pp. xxi 1473-2178.
  13. Johnson, J.W., 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2):709-762.
  14. Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen i J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p.
  15. Quignard, J.-P. i J.A. Tomasini, 2000. Mediterranean fish biodiversity. Biol. Mar. Mediterr. 7(3):1-66.
  16. Golani, D., L. Orsi Relini, E. Massutí i J.-P. Quignard, 2002. CIESM Atlas of Exotic Species in the Mediterranean. Vol. 1. Fishes. F. Briand (ed.). 256 pages. CIESM Publishers, Mònaco.
  17. Al Sakaff, H. i M. Esseen, 1999. Occurrence and distribution of fish species off Yemen (Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea). Naga ICLARM Q. 22(1):43-47.
  18. Allen, G.R., 1998. Reef fishes of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. A: T. Werner i G. Allen (eds). A rapid biodiversity assessment of the coral reefs of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. RAP Working Papers 11, Conservation International, Washington DC.
  19. Allen, G.R. i M. Adrim, 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zool. Stud. 42(1):1-72.
  20. Allen, G.R. i P.L. Munday, 1994. Kimbe Bay rapid ecological assessment: the coral reefs of Kimbe Bay (West New Britain, Papua New Guinea), Volum 3: Fish diversity of Kimbe Bay. The Nature Conservancy, South Pacific program Office, Auckland, Nova Zelanda. 107 p.
  21. Allen, G.R. i W.F. Smith-Vaniz, 1994. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Res. Bull. 412:21 p.
  22. Bianchi, G., 1985. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine and brackish-water species of Tanzania. Prepared and published with the support of TCP/URT/4406 and FAO (FIRM) Regular Programme. FAO, Roma. 199 p.
  23. Blaber, S.J.M., D.A. Milton, N.J.F. Rawlinson, G. Tiroba i P.V. Nichols, 1990. Diets of lagoon fishes of the Solomon Islands: Predators of tuna baitfish and trophic effects of baitfishing on the subsistence fishery. Fish. Res. 8:263-286.
  24. Blaber, S.J.M., J.W. Young i M.C. Dunning, 1985. Community structure and zoogeographic affinities of the coastal fishes of the Dampier region of north-western Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 36: 247-266.
  25. Dalzell, P., S. Sharma i J. Prakash, 1987. Preliminary estimates of the growth and mortality of three tuna baitfish species, Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus and Spratelloides delicatulus and Rhabdamia gracilis from Fijian waters. Tech. Rep. Tuna Billfish Assess. Prog. (20):1-15.
  26. Francis, M.P., 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Pac. Sci. 47(2):136-170.
  27. Fricke, R., 1999. Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. 31: 759 p.
  28. Ganaden, S.R. i F. Lavapie-Gonzales, 1999. Common and local names of marine fishes of the Philippines. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Filipines. 385 p.
  29. Herre, A.W.C.T., 1953. Check list of Philippine fishes. Res. Rep. U.S. Fish Wild. Serv., (20): 977 p.
  30. Hiatt, R.W. i D.W. Strasburg, 1960. Ecological relationships of the fish fauna on coral reefs of the Marshall Islands. Ecol. Monogr. 30(1):65-127.
  31. Kailola, P.J., 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea. A revised and annotated checklist. Vol. 1. Myxinidae to Synbranchidae. Research Bulletin Núm. 41. Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Port Moresby, Papua Nova Guinea. 194 p.
  32. Kapoor, D., R. Dayal i A.G. Ponniah, 2002. Fish biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, Índia. 775 p.
  33. Kulbicki, M. i J.T. Williams, 1997. Checklist of the shorefishes of Ouvea Atoll, New Caledonia. Atoll Res. Bull. 444: 26 p.
  34. Letourneur, Y., P. Chabanet, P. Durville, M. Taquet, E. Teissier, M. Parmentier, J.-C. Quéro i K. Pothin, 2004. An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean. Cybium 28(3):199-216.
  35. Lieske, E. i R. Myers, 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p.
  36. Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno i T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tòquio, Japó. 437 p.
  37. Milton, D.A., S.J.M. Blaber i N.J.F. Rawlinson, 1990. Diet and prey selection of six species of tuna baitfish in three coral reef lagoons in the Solomon Islands. J. Fish Biol. 37(2):205-224.
  38. Milton, D.A., S.J.M. Blaber i N.J.F. Rawlinson, 1991. Age and growth of three species of tuna baitfish (genus Spratelloides) in the tropical Indo-Pacific. J. Fish Biol. 39:849-866.
  39. Milton, D.A., SJ.M. Blaber i N.J.F. Rawlinson, 1994. Reproductive biology and egg production of three species of Clupeidae from Kiribati, tropical central Pacific. Fish. Bull. 92(1):102-121.
  40. Mohan, M. i K.K. Kunhikoya, 1986. Biology of the bait fishes Spratelloides delicatulus and Spratelloides japonicus from Minicoy waters Cent. Mar. Fish. Res. Inst. Bull. 36:155-164
  41. Mohsin, A.K.M. i M.A. Ambak, 1996. Marine fishes and fisheries of Malaysia and neighbouring countries. University of Pertanian Malaysia Press, Serdang, Malàisia. 744 p.
  42. Munch-Petersen, S., 1983. On the growth and mortality of the blue sprat, Spratelloides delicatulus, in Fijian waters. Rep. Inst. Mar. Res., Univ. South Pacific, Suva, Fiji.
  43. Mundy, B.C., 2005. Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. (6):1-704.
  44. Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Segona edició. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.
  45. Myers, R.F., 1999. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p.
  46. Nakamura, Y., M. Horinouchi, T. Nakai i M. Sano, 2003. Food habits of fishes in a seagrass bed on a fringing coral reef at Iriomote Island, southern Japan. Ichthyol. Res. 50:15-22.
  47. Nguyen, H.P. i N.T. Nguyen, 1994. Checklist of marine fishes in Vietnam. Vol. 2. Osteichthyes, from Elopiformes to Mugiliformes. Science and Technics Publishing House, Vietnam.
  48. Nguyen, N.T. i V.Q. Nguyen, 2006. Biodiversity and living resources of the coral reef fishes in Vietnam marine waters. Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi.
  49. Ni, I.-H. i K.-Y. Kwok, 1999 Marine fish fauna in Hong Kong waters. Zool. Stud. 38(2):130-152.
  50. Randall, J.E., 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p.
  51. Randall, J.E. i C. Anderson, 1993. Annotated checklist of the epipelagic and shore fishes of the Maldives Islands. Ichthyol. Bull. of the J.L.B. Smith Inst. of Ichthyol. 59:47.
  52. Randall, J.E. i K.K.P. Lim (eds.), 2000. A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667.
  53. Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen i R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p.
  54. Rau, N. i A. Rau, 1980. Commercial marine fishes of the Central Philippines (bony fish). German Agency for Technical Cooperation, Alemanya. 623 pp.
  55. Schuster, W.H. i R. Djajadiredja, 1952. Local common names of Indonesian fishes. W.V. Hoeve, Bandung, Indonèsia. 276 p.
  56. Smith, J.L.B. i M.M. Smith, 1963. The fishes of Seychelles. Rhodes University, Grahamstown. 215 p.
  57. Sommer, C., W. Schneider i J.-M. Poutiers, 1996. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Somalia. FAO, Roma. 376 p.
  58. Talwar, P.K. i R.K. Kacker, 1984. Commercial sea fishes of India. Zoological Survey of India, Calcuta. 997 p.
  59. Tinker, S.W., 1978. Fishes of Hawaii, a handbook of the marine fishes of Hawaii and the Central Pacific Ocean. Hawaiian Service Inc., Honolulu. 568 p.
  60. Wass, R.C., 1984. An annotated checklist of the fishes of Samoa. Natl. Ocean. Atmos. Adminis. Tech. Rept., Natl. Mar. Fish. Serv., Spec. Sci. Rept. Fish. (781).
  61. Zhang, S., 2001. Fauna Sinica. Osteichthyes. Acipenseriformes, Elopiformes, Clupeiformes, Gonorhynchiformes. Science Press, Beijing, la Xina. 209 p.
  62. Fischer, W., I. Sousa, C. Silva, A. de Freitas, J.M. Poutiers, W. Schneider, T.C. Borges, J.P. Feral i A. Massinga, 1990. Fichas FAO de identificaçao de espécies para actividades de pesca. Guia de campo das espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Moçambique. Publicaçao preparada em collaboraçao com o Instituto de Investigaçao Pesquiera de Moçambique, com financiamento do Projecto PNUD/FAO MOZ/86/030 e de NORAD. Roma, FAO. 1990. 424 p.

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Anònim, 2000. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, Sud-àfrica. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, Sud-àfrica.
  • Anònim, 2001. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes.
  • Anònim, 2002. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, NY 10024-5192, Estats Units.
  • Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba i K.E. Carpenter, 1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). Núm. 9. Roma, Itàlia, FAO. 103 p.
  • Crespo, J., J. Gajate i R. Ponce, 2001. Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografía (Madrid).
  • Hardy, J.D. Jr., 2003. Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. Estats Units. 537 p.
  • Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao i C.F. Lai (eds.), 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan.

Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]

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