Stenodus nelma

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Stenodus nelma
Nelma fish.JPG
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Superordre: Protacanthopterygii
Ordre: Salmoniformes
Família: Salmonidae
Gènere: Stenodus
Richardson, 1836[1]
Espècie: S. nelma
Nom binomial
Stenodus nelma
Pallas, 1773[2][3]
Sinònims

Stenodus leucichthys (Güldenstädt, 1772)[4]

Stenodus nelma és una espècie de peix de la família dels salmònids i de l'ordre dels salmoniformes que habita a Amèrica del Nord i Euràsia (Sibèria, Rússia).[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27] És un peix demersal d'aigua dolça, salabrosa i marina.[6] Els mascles poden assolir 150 cm de longitud total[12] i 40 kg de pes.[28] Tenene entre 63 i 69 vèrtebres.[6] Els adults mengen peixets i els alevins larves d'insectes aquàtics i crustacis planctònics.[29] La seua carn és blanca, dolça i lleugerament oliosa.[30] És venut fresc o congelat.[6] Al Canadà és depredat per Stenodus leucichthys, Esox lucius i Lota lota.[31] És inofensiu per als humans.[6]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Richardson J., 1836. Fishes. A: Back, G., Narrative of the Arctic land expedition to the mouth of the Great Fish River, and along the shores of the Arctic Ocean in the years 1833, 1834, and 1835. Londres. Narrative Arctic Land . i-x + 1-663
  2. BioLib (anglès)
  3. Pallas, P. S., 1771-1776. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches. St. Petersburg. 3 vols. (vol. 1, 1771:12 unnumb. index, + Pls. A-Z, AA-NN). Reise Russ. Reiches.
  4. FishBase (anglès)
  5. Kirillov, F.N., 1972. Ryby Yakutii (Fishes of Yakutia). Moscou: Nauka, 1972
  6. 6,0 6,1 6,2 6,3 6,4 FishBase (anglès)
  7. Andriyashev, A.P. i N.V. Chernova, 1995. Annotated list of fishlike vertebrates and fish of the arctic seas and adjacent waters. J. Ichthyol. 35(1):81-123
  8. Carl, G.C. i W.A. Clemens, 1948. The fresh-water fishes of British Columbia. B.C. Prov. Mus. Handb. 5:136 p
  9. Chereshnev, I.A., A.V. Shestakov, R.R. Yusupov, Y.V. Shtundyuk i I.V. Slugin, 2000. Biology of nelma Stenodus leucichthys nelma (Coregonidae) from the Anadyr Basin (the northeast of Russia). J. Ichthyol. 40(6):457-470.
  10. Coker, G.A., C.B. Portt i C.K. Minns, 2001. Morphological and ecological characteristics of Canadian freshwater fishes. Can. Manuscr. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. Núm. 2554. 89p
  11. Craig, P.C., 1984. Fish use of coastal waters of the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: a review. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 113(3):265-282
  12. 12,0 12,1 Dymond, J.R., 1943. The coregonine fishes of northwestern Canada. Trans. R. Can. Inst. 24(2):171-231.
  13. Evermann, B.W. i E.L. Goldsborough, 1907. The fishes of Alaska. Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish. 26: 219-360
  14. Gold, J.R., W.J. Karel i M.R. Strand, 1980. Chromosome formulae of North American fishes. Prog. Fish Cult. 42:10-23
  15. Hugg, D.O., 1996. MAPFISH georeferenced mapping database. Freshwater and estuarine fishes of North America. Life Science Software. Dennis O. i Steven Hugg, 1278 Turkey Point Road, Edgewater, Maryland, Estats Units.
  16. Jordan, D.S. i B.W. Evermann, 1896. The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the isthmus of Panama. Part I. Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 47:1-1240
  17. McPhail, J.D. i C.C. Lindsey, 1970. Freshwater fishes of northwestern Canada and Alaska. Fish. Res. Board Can. Bull. 173:381 p
  18. Page, L.M. i B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Estats Units. 432 p.
  19. Petrova, N.A., 1976. Biology of Stenodus leucichthys nelma (Pallas) from the Irtysh Basin. Vopr. Ikhtiol. 16(1):21-31.
  20. Quast, J.C. i E.L. Hall, 1972. List of fishes of Alaska and adjacent waters with a guide to some of their literature. U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS SSRF-658, 47 p.
  21. Reshetnikov, Y.S., N.G. Bogutskaya, E.D. Vasil'eva, E.A. Dorofeeva, A.M. Naseka, O.A. Popova, K.A. Savvaitova, V.G. Sideleva i L.I. Sokolov, 1997. An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia. J. Ichthyol. 37(9): 687-736.
  22. Scott, W.B. i E.J. Crossman, 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184:1-966
  23. Underwood, T.J., 2000. Abundance, length composition and migration of spawning Inconnu in the Selawik river, Alaska. North Am. J. Fish. Manage. 20(2):386-393
  24. Walker, K.F. i H.Z. Yang, 1999. Fish and fisheries in western China. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 385:237-278
  25. Wang, S. (ed.), 1998. China red data book of endangered animals. Pisces. National Environmental Protection Agency. Endangered Species Scientific Commision. Science Press, Beijing, Xina. 247p.
  26. Wigutoff, N.B. i C.J. Carlson, 1950. A survey of the commercial fishing possibilites of Seward peninsula area, Kotzebue Sound, and certain inland rivers and lakes in Alaska. U.S. Fish. Wildl. Serv. Fishery Leaflet 375. 24 p.
  27. Wynne-Edwards, V.C., 1952. Fishes of the Arctic and subarctic. p. 5-24. A: Freshwater vertebrates of the Arctic and subarctic. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada Bull. 94: 28 p.
  28. Wynne-Edwards, V.C., 1952. Fishes of the Arctic and subarctic. p. 5-24. A: freshwater vertebrates of the Arctic and subarctic. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada Bull. 94: 28 p.
  29. Svetovidov, A.N., 1984. Salmonidae. p. 373-385. A: P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen i E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, París. vol. 1.
  30. Morrow, J.E., 1980. The freshwater fishes of Alaska. University of. B.C. Animal Resources Ecology Library. 248p.
  31. FishBase (anglès)

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Allendorf, F.W. i G.H. Thorgaard, 1984. Tetraploidy and the evolution of Salmonid fishes. p. 1-53. A: B.J. Turner (ed.) Evolutionary genetics of fishes. Plenum Publishing Corporation, Nova York.
  • Anònim, 2001. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes.
  • Anònim, 2002. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, NY 10024-5192, Estats Units.
  • Booke, H.E., 1975. Cytotaxonomy of the salmonid fish Stenodon leucichthys. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 32:295-296.
  • Eschmeyer, William N.: Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. 1990. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. iii + 697. ISBN 0-940228-23-8
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, Estats Units, 1997.
  • IGFA, 2001. Base de dades de registres de pesca IGFA fins al 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Estats Units.
  • Makoedov, A.N., 1992. Relationships of coregonid fishes: karyological aspect. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 39(3-4):517-522.
  • McDowall, R.M., 1997. The evolution of diadromy in fishes (revisited) and its place in phylogenetic analysis. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 7(4):443-462.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall. 2000.
  • Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea i J.D. Williams, 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland, Estats Units.
  • Nelson, J.S. 2006: Fishes of the world. Quarta edició. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, Nova Jersey, Estats Units. 601 p.
  • Riede, K., 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Alemanya. 329 p.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1980. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p.
  • Vasil'ev, V.P., 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3): 1-38.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a. edició, Londres: Macdonald. 1985.

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