Cronologia dels microprocessadors

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Data Nom Fabricant Rellotge Geometria Transistors
1971 4004 Intel 740 kHz 10 µm 2.250
1972 8008 Intel 500 kHz 10 μm 3.500
1974 6800 Motorola 2 MHz - 4.100
1974 8080 Intel 2 MHz 6 μm 6.000
1974 1802 RCA 3,2 MHz 5 μm 5.000
1974 TMS1000 Texas Instruments 400 kHz 8 μm 8.000
1975 6502 MOS Technologies 1 MHz - 4.000
1976 Z-80 Zilog 2 MHz 4 μm 8.500
1976 8085 Intel 5 MHz 3 μm 6.500
1976 TMS9900 Texas Instruments 3,3 MHz - 8.000
1977 6100 Intersil 4 MHz - 20.000
1978 8086 Intel 5 MHz 3 μm 29.000
1978 6801 Motorola - 5 μm 35.000
1979 Z8000 Zilog - - 17.500
1979 8088 Intel 5 MHz 3 μm 29.000
1979 6809 Motorola 1 MHz 5 μm 40.000
1979 68000 Motorola 8 MHz 4 μm 68.000
1980 16032 National - - 60.000
1981 6120 Harris Corporation 10 MHz - 20.000
1981 ROMP IBM 10 MHz 2 µm 45.000
1981 T-11 DEC 2,5 MHz 5 µm 17.000
1982 RISC-I[1] UC Berkeley 1 MHz 5 µm 44.420
1982 FOCUS Hewlett Packard 18 MHz 1,5 µm 450.000
1982 80186 Intel 6 MHz - 55.000
1982 80286 Intel 6 MHz 1,5 µm 134.000
1983 RISC-II UC Berkeley 3 MHz 3 µm 40,760
1983 MIPS[2] Stanford University 2 MHz 3 µm 25,000
1984 68020 Motorola 16 MHz 2 µm 190,000
1984 32032 National - - 70,000
1984 V20 NEC 5 MHz - 63.000
1985 80386 Intel 16 MHz 1,5 µm 275.000
1985 MicroVax II 78032 DEC 5 MHz 3,0 µm 125.000
1985 R2000 MIPS 8 MHz 2 µm 115.000
1988 R3000 MIPS 12 MHz 2 µm 120.000
1986 Z80000 Zilog - - 91,000
1986 SPARC Sun 40 MHz 0.8 µm 800,000
1986 V60[3] NEC 16 MHz 1.5 µm 375,000
1987 CVAX 78034 DEC 12.5 MHz 2.0 µm 134,000
1987 ARM2 ARM Limited 18 MHz 2 µm 25,000
1987 Gmicro/200[4] Hitachi - 1.0 µm 730,000
1987 68030 Motorola 16 MHz 1,3 µm 273.000
1987 V70[3] NEC 20 MHz 1,5 µm 385.000
1988 i960 Intel 10 MHz 1,5 µm 250.000
1989 VAX DC520 "Rigel" DEC 35 MHz 1,5 µm 320.000
1989 80486 Intel 25 MHz 1 µm 1.180.000
1989 i860 Intel 25 MHz 1 µm 1.000.000
1990 68040 Motorola 40 MHz - 1,2
1990 POWER1 IBM 20-30 MHz 1,0 µm 6,9
1991 R4000 MIPS Computer Systems 100 MHz 0,8 µm 1,35
1991 NVAX DEC 62.5-90.91 MHz 0.75 µm 1.3
1991 RSC IBM 33 MHz 0.8 µm 1.0[5]
1992 Alpha 21064 DEC 100-200 MHz 0.75 µm 1.68
1992 microSPARC I Sun 40-50 MHz 0.8 µm 0.8
1992 PA-7100 Hewlett Packard 100 MHz 0.80 µm 0.85[6]
1993 PowerPC 601 IBM, Motorola 50-80 MHz 0.6 µm 2.8
1993 Pentium Intel 60-66 MHz 0.8 µm 3.1
1993 POWER2 IBM 55-71.5 MHz 0.72 µm 23
1994 68060 Motorola 50 MHz 0.6 µm 2.5
1994 Alpha 21064A DEC 200-300 MHz 0.5 µm 2.85
1994 R4600 QED 100 - 125 MHz 0.65 µm 2.2
1994 PA-7200 Hewlett Packard 125 MHz 0.55 µm 1.26
1994 PowerPC 603 IBM, Motorola 60-120 MHz 0.5 µm 1.6
1994 PowerPC 604 IBM, Motorola 100-180 MHz 0.5 µm 3.6
1994 PA-7100LC Hewlett Packard 100 MHz 0.75 µm 0.90
1995 Alpha 21164 DEC 266-333 MHz 0.5 µm 9.3
1995 UltraSPARC Sun 143–167 MHz 0.47 µm 5.2
1995 SPARC64 HAL Computer Systems 101–118 MHz 0.40 µm -
1995 Pentium Pro Intel 150-200 MHz 0.35 µm 5.5
1996 Alpha 21164A DEC 400-500 MHz 0.35 µm 9.7
1996 K5 AMD 75-100 MHz 0.5 µm 4.3
1996 R10000 MTI 150-250 MHz 0.35 µm 6.7
1996 R5000 QED 180 - 250 MHz 0.35 µm 3.7
1996 SPARC64 II HAL Computer Systems 141–161 MHz 0.35 µm -
1996 PA-8000 Hewlett-Packard 160-180 MHz 0.50 µm 3.8
1996 P2SC IBM 150 MHz 0.29 µm 15
1997 Pentium II Intel 233-300 MHz 0.35 µm 7.5
1997 PowerPC 620 IBM, Motorola 120-150 MHz 0.35 µm 6.9
1997 UltraSPARC IIs Sun 250-400 MHz 0.35 µm 5.4
1997 S/390 G4 IBM 370 MHz 0.5 µm 7.8
1997 PowerPC 750 IBM, Motorola 233-366 MHz 0.26 µm 6.35
1997 K6 AMD 166-233 MHz 0.35 µm 8.8
1998 Alpha 21264 DEC 450-600 MHz 0.35 µm 15.2
1998 MIPS R12000 SGI 270-400 MHz 0.25 µm, 0.18 µm 6.9
1998 RM7000 QED 250 - 300 MHz 0.25 µm 18
1998 SPARC64 III HAL Computer Systems 250-330 MHz 0.24 µm 17.6
1998 S/390 G5 IBM 500 MHz 0.25 µm 25
1998 PA-8500 Hewlett Packard 300-440 MHz 0.25 µm 140
1998 POWER3 IBM 200 MHz 0.25 µm 15
1999 Pentium III Intel 450-600 MHz 0.25 µm 9.5
1999 PowerPC 7400 Motorola 350-500 MHz 0.20 µm 10.5
1999 Athlon AMD 500-1000 MHz 0.25 µm 22
2000 Athlon XP AMD 1.33-1.73 GHz 180 nm 37.5
2000 Pentium 4 Intel 1.3-2 GHz 180 nm 42
2000 SPARC64 IV Fujitsu 450–810 MHz 130 nm -
2000 z900 IBM 918 MHz 180 nm 47
2001 R14000 MIPS 500-600 MHz 130 nm 7.2
2001 POWER4 IBM 1.1-1.4 GHz 90 nm 174
2001 UltraSPARC III Sun 750-1200 MHz 130 nm 29
2001 Itanium Intel 733-800 MHz 180 nm 25
2001 PowerPC 7450 Motorola 733-800 MHz 180 nm 33
2002 Itanium 2 Intel 0.9-1 GHz 180 nm 410
2003 PowerPC 970 IBM 1.6-2.0 MHz 130 nm 52
2003 Pentium M Intel 0.9-1.7 GHz 130 nm 77
2003 SPARC64 V Fujitsu 1.1-1.35 GHz 130 nm 190
2003 Opteron AMD 1.4-2.4 GHz 130 nm 106
2004 POWER5 IBM 1.65-1.9 GHz 130 nm 276
2005 Athlon 64 X2 AMD 2-2.4 GHz 90 nm 243
2005 UltraSPARC IV Sun 1.05-1.35 GHz 130 nm 66
2005 UltraSPARC T1 Sun 1-1.4 GHz 90 nm 300
2006 Core Duo Intel 1.1-2.33 GHz 65 nm 151
2006 Core 2 Intel 1.06-2.67 GHz 65 nm 291
2006 Cell/B.E. IBM, Sony, Toshiba 3.2-4.6 GHz 90 nm 241
2007 POWER6 IBM 3.5-4.7 GHz 65 nm 790
2007 UltraSPARC T2 Sun 1-1.4 GHz 65 nm 503
2008 Phenom AMD 1,8-2,6 GHz 65 nm 450
2008 z10 IBM 4,4 GHz 65 nm 991
2008 Atom Intel 0,8-1,6 GHz 45 nm 47
2008 Core i7 Intel 2,66-3,2 GHz 45 nm 730
2009 Phenom II AMD 2,5-3,2 GHz 45 nm 758

Referències[modifica]

  1. «Berkeley Hardware Prototypes». [Consulta: 15 juny 2008].
  2. Patterson, David A. «Reduced instruction set computers». Communications of the ACM, vol. 28, 1985, pàg. 8. DOI: 10.1145/2465.214917.
  3. 3,0 3,1 Kimura S, Komoto Y, Yano Y «Implementation of the V60/V70 and its FRM function». Micro, IEEE, vol. 8, 2, 1988, pàg. 22–36. DOI: 10.1109/40.527.
  4. Inayoshi H, Kawasaki I, Nishimukai T, Sakamura K «Realization of Gmicro/200». Micro, IEEE, vol. 8, 2, 1988, pàg. 12–21. DOI: 10.1109/40.526.
  5. Moore CR, Balser DM, Muhich JS, East RE (1992). "IBM Single Chip RISC Processor (RSC)". Proceedings of the 1991 IEEE International Conference on Computer Design on VLSI in Computer & Processors: 200–4, IEEE Computer Society 
  6. «PA-RISC Processors». [Consulta: 11 maig 2008].