Jacob Viner

De la Viquipèdia, l'enciclopèdia lliure
Infotaula de personaJacob Viner
Biografia
Naixement3 maig 1892 Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Mont-real (Quebec) Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Mort12 setembre 1970 Modifica el valor a Wikidata (78 anys)
Princeton (Nova Jersey) Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Dades personals
FormacióUniversitat Harvard
Universitat McGill
Philosophiæ doctor Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Director de tesiFrank William Taussig Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Activitat
Camp de treballEconomia Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Ocupacióeconomista, professor d'universitat Modifica el valor a Wikidata
OcupadorUniversitat de Princeton
Universitat de Chicago
Universitat de Stanford
Universitat Yale Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Membre de
Obra
Estudiant doctoralJohn Letiche (en) Tradueix, Martin Bronfenbrenner, Theodore O. Yntema (en) Tradueix, Bernard Brodie i Philip Wilkes Bell (en) Tradueix Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Premis

Jacob Viner (1892 – 1970) va ser un economista quebequès d'origen jueu i és considerat junt amb Frank Knight i Henry Simons ser un dels mentors inspiradors de la primerenca Escola d'Economia de Chicago a la dècada de 1930. Era un personatge líder de la facultat de la Universitat de Chicago.[1]

Obra[modifica]

Economia[modifica]

Viner es va oposar a John Maynard Keynes durant la Gran Depressió.

La seva corba de costos encara s'utilitza.[2]

  • Studies in the Theory of International Trade (1937)

Bomba atòmica[modifica]

Viner en la Conference on Atomic Energy Control in 1945, va dir que "la bomba atòmica "era el camí més barat per matar éssers humans".[3]

Publicacions principals[modifica]

  • "Some Problems of Logical Method in Political Economy", 1917, JPE
  • "Price Policies: the determination of market price", 1921.
  • Dumping: A problem in international trade, 1923.
  • Canada's Balance of International Indebtedness: 1900–1913, 1924.
  • "The Utility Concept in Value Theory and its Critics", 1925, JPE.
  • "Adam Smith and Laissez-Faire", 1927, Journal of Political Economy, 35(2), pp. 198–232.
  • "The Present Status and Future Prospects of Quantitative Economics", 1928, AER
  • "Mills' Behavior of Prices", 1929, QJE
  • "Costs Curves and Supply Curves," Zeitschrift für Nationalökonomie, 3, pp. 23–46. Reprinted in R. B. Emmett, ed. 2002, The Chicago Tradition in Economics, 1892–1945, Routledge, v. 6, pp. 192–215.
  • "The Doctrine of Comparative Costs", 1932, WWA
  • "Inflation as a Possible Remedy for the Depression", 1933, Proceedings of Institute of Public Affairs, Univ. of Georgia
  • "Mr. Keynes on the Causes of Unemployment", 1936, QJE.
  • Studies in the Theory of International Trade, 1937.
  • "The Short View and the Long in Economic Policy," American Economic Review, 30(1), Part 1 1940, pp. 1–15.
  • "Marshall's Economics, in Relation to the Man and to his Times", 1941, AER
  • Trade Relations Between Free-Market and Controlled Economies, 1943.
  • "International Relations between State-Controlled National Economies", 1944, AER.
  • "Prospects for Foreign Trade in the Post-War World", 1946, Manchester Statistical Society.
  • "Power Versus Plenty as Objectives of Foreign Policy in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries", 1948, World Politics
  • "Bentham and J.S. Mill: the Utilitarian Background", 1949, AER
  • The Customs Union Issue, 1950.
  • "A Modest Proposal for Some Stress on Scholarship in Graduate Training", 1950 (reprinted in 1991)
  • International Economics, 1951.
  • International Trade and Economic Development, 1952.
  • "Schumpeter's History of Economic Analysis," American Economic Review, 44(5), 1954, pp. 894–910.
  • "`Fashion' in Economic Thought", 1957, Report of 6th Conference of Princeton Graduate Alumni
  • "International Trade Theory and its Present-Day Relevance", 1955, Economics and Public Policy
  • The Long View and the Short: Studies in Economic Theory, 1958.
  • "Stability and Progress: the poorer countries' problem", 1958, in Hague, editor, Stability and Progress in the World Economy
  • Five Lectures on Economics and Freedom, 1959 (Wabash Lectures, publ. 1991)
  • "The Intellectual History of Laissez-Faire", 1960, J Law Econ
  • "Hayek on Freedom and Coercion", 1960, Southern EJ
  • "Relative Abundance of the Factors and International Trade", 1962, Indian EJ
  • "The Necessary and Desirable Range of Discretion to be Allowed to a Monetary Authority", 1962, in Yeager, editor, In Search of a Monetary Constitution
  • "Progressive Individualism as Original Sin", 1963, Canadian J of Econ & Poli Sci
  • "The Earlier Letters of John Stuart Mill", 1963, Univ of Toronto Quarterly
  • "The Economist in History", 1963, American Economic Review, 53(2), pp. 1–22
  • "The United States as a Welfare State", 1963, in Higgenbotham, editor, Man, Science, Learning and Education
  • Problems of Monetary Control, 1964.
  • "Comment on my 1936 Review of Keynes", 1964, in Lekachman, editor, Keynes's General Theory
  • "Introduction", in J. Rae, Life of Adam Smith, 1965.
  • "Adam Smith", 1968, in Sills, editor, International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences
  • "Mercantilist Thought", 1968, in Sills, editor, International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences
  • "Man's Economic Status", 1968, in Clifford, editor, Man Versus Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain.
  • "Satire and Economics in the Augustan Age of Satire", 1970, in Miller et al., editors, The Augustan Milieu
  • The Role of Providence in the Social Order, 1972.
  • Religious Thought and Economic Society, 1978.
  • Essays on the Intellectual History of Economics, 1991.

Referències[modifica]

  1. Alan O. Ebenstein, Hayek's journey: the mind of Friedrich Hayek, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, pp. 164–165
  2. Viner, Jacob «Cost Curves and Supply Curves». Zeitschrift für Nationalökonomie, 3, 1, 1931, pàg. 23–46. JSTOR: 41792520. Reprinted in R. B. Emmett, ed. 2002, The Chicago Tradition in Economics, 1892–1945, Routledge, v. 6, pp. 192–215.
  3. Richard Rhodes. The Making of the Atomic Bomb. Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 1986, p. 753. 
  • Bloomfield, Arthur I. «On the Centenary of Jacob Viner's Birth: A Retrospective View of the Man and His Work». Journal of Economic Literature, 30, 4, 1992, pàg. 2052–2085. JSTOR: 2727973.
  • Markwell, Donald. John Maynard Keynes and International Relations: Economic Paths to War and Peace. Oxford University Press, 2008. 

Enllaços externs[modifica]