Leiostomus xanthurus

De Viquipèdia
Salta a la navegació Salta a la cerca
Infotaula d'ésser viuLeiostomus xanthurus
Spot ( Leiostomus xanthurus ).jpg
Estat de conservació
Status iucn3.1 LC-ca.svg
Risc mínim
UICN 193267
EspècieLeiostomus xanthurus
(Lacépède, 1802)[1][2][3]
Range map of Leiostomus xanthurus or spot croaker.png
Modifica les dades a Wikidata

Leiostomus xanthurus és una espècie de peix de la família dels esciènids i de l'ordre dels perciformes.



Menja principalment cucs, crustacis petits i detritus orgànic.[4]


És depredat per Sarda sarda i, als Estats Units, per Pomatomus saltatrix,[7] Cynoscion regalis, Morone saxatilis, Carcharhinus obscurus, Odontaspis taurus, Squatina dumeril, Mustelus canis i Carcharhinus plumbeus.[8][9]


És un peix de clima subtropical (43°N-19°N) i demersal que viu fins als 60 m de fondària.[4][10]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica]

Es troba a l'Oceà Atlàntic occidental: des de Massachusetts fins al nord de Mèxic, llevat del sud de Florida.[4][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22]


És inofensiu per als humans.[4]


  1. Lacépède B. G. E., 1802. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 4. i-xliv + 1-728.
  2. BioLib (anglès)
  3. Lacépède, B. G. E., 1802. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Histoire naturelle des poissons. v. 4: i-xliv + 1-728, Pl. 1-16.
  4. 4,0 4,1 4,2 4,3 4,4 FishBase (anglès)
  5. Robins, C.R. i G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Estats Units. 354 p.
  6. IGFA, 2001. Base de dades de registres de pesca IGFA fins al 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Estats Units.
  7. Buckel, J.A., M.J. Fogarty i D.O. Conover, 1999. Foraging habits of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix, on the U.S. east coast continental shelf. Fish. Bull. 97:758-775.
  8. Medved, R.J. i J.A. Marshall, 1981. Feeding behavior and biology of young sandbar sharks, Carcharhinus plumbeus (Pisces, Carcharhinidae), in Chincoteague Bay, Virginia. Fish. Bull. 79(3):441-447.
  9. FishBase (anglès)
  10. Sasaki, K., S. Hosoya i S. Watanabe, 1989. Leiostomus xanthurus, a western Atlantic sciaenid species in Tokyo Bay. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 36(2):267-269.
  11. Chao, L.N., 1978. Sciaenidae. A: W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Volum 4. FAO, Roma.
  12. Dawson, C.E., 1965. Length-weight relationships of some Gulf of Mexico fishes. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 94:279-280.
  13. Hildebrand, S.F. i L.E. Cable, 1930. Development and life history of fourteen teleosteen fishes at Beaufort, N.C. Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish. 46:383-488.
  14. Hodson, R.G., J.O. Hackman i C.R. Bennett, 1981. Food habits of young spots in nursery areas of the Cape Fear River estuary, North Carolina. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 110(4):495-501.
  15. Hugg, D.O., 1996. MAPFISH georeferenced mapping database. Freshwater and estuarine fishes of North America. Life Science Software. Dennis O. i Steven Hugg, 1278 Turkey Point Road, Edgewater (Maryland), Estats Units.
  16. Kjelson, M.A., D.S. Peters, G.W. Thayer i G.N. Johnson, 1975. The general feeding ecology of postlarval fishes in the Newport River estuary. Fish. Bull. 73(1):137-144.
  17. LeGrande, W.H. i J.M. Fitzsimons, 1988. Chromosome numbers of some Gulf coast sciaenid fishes. Copeia 1988(2):491-493.
  18. Pacheco, A., 1962. Age and growth of spot in lower Chesapeake Bay, with notes on distribution and abundance of juveniles in the York River system. Chesapeake Sci. 3(1):18-28.
  19. Pearson, J., 1929. Natural history and conservation of redfish and other commercial sciaenids on the Texas coast. Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish. Wash. 44:129-214.
  20. Reid, G.K. Jr., 1954. An ecological study of the Gulf of Mexico fishes, in the vicinity of Cedar Key, Florida. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Caribb. 4(1):1-94.
  21. Welsh, W.W. i C.M. Breder, Jr., 1923. Contributions to life histories of Sciaenidae of the Eastern United States Coast. Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish., 39:141-201.
  22. Wilber, D.H., D.G. Clarke, M.H. Burlas, H. Ruben i R.J. Will, 2003. Spatial and temporal variability in surf zone fish assemblages on the coast of northern New Jersey. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 56(2):291-304.


  • Adams, S.M., 1976. Feeding ecology of eelgrass fish communities. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 105(4):514-519.
  • Anònim, 2000. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, Sud-àfrica. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, Sud-àfrica.
  • Anònim, 2001. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes.
  • Anònim, 2002. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, NY 10024-5192, Estats Units.
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Hartman, K.J. i S.B. Brandt, 1995. Trophic resource partitioning, diets, and growth of sympatric estuarine predators. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 124(4):520-537.
  • Lindsey, C.C., 1978. Form, function and locomotory habits in fish. p. 1-100. A: W. S. Hoar i D. J. Randall (eds.) Fish Physiology VII. Academic Press, Nova York.
  • Massey, L.L. i D.E. Harper, 1993. Selected computer images of southeastern U.S. marine fishes. NOAA Tech. Mem. NMFS-SEFSC-333, 49 p.
  • Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea i J.D. Williams, 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland, Estats Units.
  • Neumann, D.A., J.M. O'Connor i J.A. Sherk, Jr., 1981. Oxygen consumption of white perch (Morone americana), striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and spot (Leiostomus xanthurus). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 69A:467-478.
  • Pauly, D., 1978. A preliminary compilation of fish length growth parameters. Ber. Inst. Meereskd. Christian-Albrechts-Univ. Kiel (55):1-200.
  • Ricker, W.E., 1973. Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa.
  • Riede, K., 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Alemanya. 329 p.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1980. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p.
  • Sambilay, V.C. Jr., 1990. Interrelationships between swimming speed, caudal fin aspect ratio and body length of fishes. Fishbyte 8(3):16-20.
  • Sheridan, P.F. i T.L. Trimm, 1983. Summer foods of Texas coastal fishes relative to age and habitat Fish. Bull. 81(3):643-647
  • Subrahamanyam, C.B., 1980. Oxygen consumption of estuarine fish in relation to external tension. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 67A:129-133.
  • Sundaraj, B., 1960. Age and growth of the spot, Leiostomus xanthurus Lacépède. Tulane Stud. Zool. 8(2):41-62.
  • Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao i C.F. Lai (eds.), 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan.
  • Yoshida, H.O., 1980. Synopsis of biological data on bonitos of the genus Sarda. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ. 432. FAO Fish. Synop. Núm. 118. 50 p.

Enllaços externs[modifica]

A Wikimedia Commons hi ha contingut multimèdia relatiu a: Leiostomus xanthurus Modifica l'enllaç a Wikidata