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National Basketball League (Estats Units)

De la Viquipèdia, l'enciclopèdia lliure
Plantilla:Infobox sports competitionNational Basketball League
Tipuslliga Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Esportbasquetbol Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Nombre de participants38 Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Localització  i  Dates
EstatEstats Units d'Amèrica Modifica el valor a Wikidata
Vigència1937 – 1949 Modifica el valor a Wikidata

La National Basketball League fou una lliga professional de bàsquet dels Estats Units.

S'inicià l'any 1937 amb 13 equips. Comptà amb el suport de tres grans corporacions empresarials General Electric, Firestone i Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, i estigué basada, principalment, a la regió dels Grans llacs, amb equips de petites ciutats i de corporacions empresarials. L'any 1949 la NBL s'uní a la Basketball Association of America i formaren l'actual NBA.[1]

Actualment, cinc equips de l'NBA tenen les seves arrels en aquesta competició. Tres d'ells s'uniren a l'NBA l'any 1948: Minneapolis Lakers (actualment Los Angeles Lakers), Rochester Royals (actualment Sacramento Kings) i Fort Wayne Pistons (actualment Detroit Pistons). Dos més s'hi uniren l'any 1949: Tri-Cities Blackhawks (actualment Atlanta Hawks) i Syracuse Nationals (actualment Philadelphia 76ers).

Historial

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Franquícies

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  • Akron Firestone Non-Skids (1937-41)
  • Akron Goodyear Wingfoots (1937-42)
  • Anderson Duffey Packers (1946-49)
  • Buffalo Bisons (1937-38)
  • Chicago Bruins (1939-42)
  • Chicago Studebaker Flyers (1942-43)
  • Chicago American Gears (1944-47)
  • Cleveland Chase Brassmen (1943-44)
  • Cleveland Allmen Transfers (1944-46)
  • Columbus Athletic Supply (1938-39)
  • Dayton Metropolitans (1937-38)
  • Dayton Rens (1948-49)
  • Denver Nuggets (1948-49) club diferent a l'actual
  • Detroit Eagles (1939-41)
  • Detroit Gems (1946-47)
  • Detroit Vagabond Kings/Dayton Rens (1948-49)
  • Flint Dow A.C.'s/Midland Dow A.C.'s (1947-48)
  • Fort Wayne General Electrics (1937-38)
  • Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons (1941-48)
  • Hammond Ciesar All-Americans (1938-41)
  • Hammond Calumet Buccaneers (1948-49)
  • Indianapolis Kautskys (1937-48)
  • Kankakee Gallagher Trojans (1937-38)
  • Minneapolis Lakers (1947-48)
  • Oshkosh All-Stars (1937-49)
  • Pittsburgh Pirates (1937-39)
  • Pittsburgh Raiders (1944-45)
  • Richmond King Clothiers/Cincinnati Comellos (1937-38)
  • Rochester Royals (1945-48)
  • Sheboygan Redskins (1938-49)
  • Syracuse Nationals (1946-49)
  • Toledo Jim White Chevrolets (1941-43)
  • Toledo Jeeps (1946-48)
  • Tri-Cities Blackhawks (1946-49)
  • Warren Penns (1937-38)
  • Cleveland White Horses (1938-39)
  • Waterloo Hawks (1948-49)
  • Whiting Ciesar All-Americans (1937-38)
  • Youngstown Bears (1945-47)

Línia del temps

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1937-38 1938-39 1939-40 1940-41 1941-42 1942-43 1943-44 1944-45 1945-46 1946-47 1947-48 1948-49
Akron Firestone Non-Skids Chicago Studebaker Flyers Cleveland Chase Brassmen Cleveland Allmen Transfers Anderson Duffey Packers
Akron Goodyear Wingfoots Chicago American Gears Flint Dow A.C.'s/Midland Dow A.C.'s Dayton Rens
Buffalo Bisons Columbus Athletic Supply Chicago Bruins Pittsburgh Raiders Detroit Gems Minneapolis Lakers Denver Nuggets
Dayton Metropolitans Cleveland White Horses Detroit Eagles Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons Detroit Vagabond Kings/Dayton Rens
Fort Wayne General Electrics Hammond Ciesar All-Americans Toledo Jim White Chevrolets Rochester Royals Hammond Calumet Buccaneers
Indianapolis Kautskys Waterloo Hawks
Kankakee Gallagher Trojans Syracuse Nationals
Oshkosh All-Stars
Pittsburgh Pirates Toledo Jeeps
Richmond King Clothiers/Cincinnati Comellos Tri-Cities Blackhawks
Sheboygan Redskins
Warren Penns Youngstown Bears
Whiting Ciesar All-Americans
13 9 8 8 8 6 5 7 8 12 11 10

Campions, líders i premis

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En negreta, membres del Hall of Fame
Temporada Campió Entrenador Resultat Subcampió Entrenador Màxim Anotador Millor jugador (MVP) Millor debutant (ROY) Millor entrenador
Jugador Equip PPP Jugador Equip Jugador Equip Entrenador Equip
1937-38 Akron Goodyear Wingfoots Lefty Byers 2-1 Oshkosh All-Stars George Hotchkiss Leroy Edwards Oshkosh All-Stars 16.2 Leroy Edwards Oshkosh All-Stars Robert Kessler Indianapolis Kautskys Lefty Byers Akron Goodyear Wingfoots
1938-39 Akron Firesotone Non-Skids Paul Sheeks 3-2 Oshkosh All-Stars George Hotchkiss Leroy Edwards Oshkosh All-Stars 11.9 Leroy Edwards Oshkosh All-Stars Jewell Young Indianapolis Kautskys Paul Sheeks Akron Firesotone Non-Skids
1939-40 Akron Firesotone Non-Skids Paul Sheeks 3-2 Oshkosh All-Stars George Hotchkiss Leroy Edwards Oshkosh All-Stars 12.9 Leroy Edwards Oshkosh All-Stars Ben Stephens Akron Goodyear Wingfoots Paul Sheeks Akron Firesotone Non-Skids
1940-41 Oshkosh All-Stars George Hotchkiss 3-0 Sheboygan Red Skins Frank Zummach Ben Stephens Akron Goodyear Wingfoots 11.0 Ben Stephens Akron Goodyear Wingfoots Ediie Sadowski Indianapolis Kautskys George Hotchkiss Oshkosh All-Stars
1941-42 Oshkosh All-Stars Lon Darling 2-1 Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons Carl Bennet Chuck Chuckovits Toledo Jim White Chevrolets 18.5 Chuck Chuckovits Toledo Jim White Chevrolets George Glamack Akron Goodyear Wingfoots Lon Darling Oshkosh All-Stars
1942-43 Sheboygan Red Skins Carl Roth 2-1 Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons Carl Bennet Bobby McDermott Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons 13.7 Bobby McDermott Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons Ken Buehler Sheboygan Red Skins Carl Roth Sheboygan Red Skins
1943-44 Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons Bobby McDermott 3-0 Sheboygan Red Skins Carl Roth Mel Riebe Cleveland Chase Brassmen 17.9 Bobby McDermott Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons Mel Riebe Cleveland Chase Brassmen Bobby McDermott Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons
1944-45 Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons Bobby McDermott 3-2 Sheboygan Red Skins Dutch Dehnert Mel Riebe Cleveland Allmen Transfers 20.2 Bobby McDermott Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons Stan Patrick Chicago American Gears Bobby McDermott Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons
1945-46 Rochester Royals Eddie Malanowicz 3-0 Sheboygan Red Skins Dutch Dehnert Bob Carpenter Oshkosh All-Stars 13.9 Bobby McDermott Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons Red Holzman Rochester Royals Eddie Malanowicz Rochester Royals
1946-47 Chicago American Gears Bobby McDermott 3-1 Rochester Royals Eddie Malanowicz Al Cervi Rochester Royals 14.4 Bob Davies Rochester Royals Fred Lewis Sheboygan Red Skins Lon Darling Oshkosh All-Stars
1947-48 Minneapolis Lakers John Kundla 3-1 Rochester Royals Eddie Malanowicz George Mikan Minneapolis Lakers 21.3 George Mikan Minneapolis Lakers Mike Todorovich Sheboygan Red Skins Murray Mendenhall Anderson Duffey Packers
1948-49 Anderson Duffey Packers Murray Mendenhall 3-0 Oshkosh All-Stars Gene Englund & Eddie Riska Don Otten Tri-Cities Blackhawks 14.0 Don Otten Tri-Cities Blackhawks Dolph Schayes Syracuse Nationals Al Cervi Syracuse Nationals

Palmarés

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Equip Campionats Subcampionats Finals
Oshkosh All-Stars 2 1941 1942 4 1938 1939 1940 1949 6
Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons 2 1944 1945 2 1942 1943 4
Akron Firesotone Non-Skids 2 1939 1940 2
Sheboygan Red Skins 1 1943 4 1941 1944 1945 1946 5
Rochester Royals 1 1946 2 1947 1948 3
Akron Goodyear Wingfoots 1 1938 1
Chicago American Gears 1 1947 1
Minneapolis Lakers 1 1948 1
Anderson Duffey Packers 1 1949 1
Jugador/Entrenador Equip Màxim Anotador Millor jugador Millor debutant Millor entrenador Total
Bobby McDermott Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons 1 1943 4 1943 1944 1945 1946 2 1944 1945 7
Leroy Edwards Oshkosh All-Stars 3 1938 1939 1940 3 1938 1939 1940 6
Ben Stephens Akron Goodyear Wingfoots 1 1941 1 1941 1 1940 3
Mel Riebe Cleveland Chase Brassmen 2 1944 1945 1 1944 3
Paul Sheeks Akron Firesotone Non-Skids 2 1939 1940 2
Chuck Chuckovits Toledo Jim White Chevrolets 1 1942 1 1942 2
George Mikan Minneapolis Lakers 1 1948 1 1948 2
Lon Darling Oshkosh All-Stars 2 1942 1947 2
Al Cervi Rochester Royals 1 1947 1 1949 2
Don Otten Tri-Cities Blackhawks 1 1949 1 1949 2
Robert Kessler Indianapolis Kautskys 1 1938 1
Lefty Byers Akron Goodyear Wingfoots 1 1938 1
Jewell Young Indianapolis Kautskys 1 1939 1
Ediie Sadowski Indianapolis Kautskys 1 1941 1
George Hotchkiss Oshkosh All-Stars 1 1941 1
George Glamack Akron Goodyear Wingfoots 1 1942 1
Ken Buehler Sheboygan Red Skins 1 1943 1
Carl Roth Sheboygan Red Skins 1 1943 1
Stan Patrick Chicago American Gears 1 1945 1
Bob Carpenter Oshkosh All-Stars 1 1946 1
Red Holzman Rochester Royals 1 1946 1
Eddie Malanowicz Rochester Royals 1 1946 1
Bob Davies Rochester Royals 1 1947 1
Fred Lewis Sheboygan Red Skins 1 1947 1
Mike Todorovich Sheboygan Red Skins 1 1948 1
Murray Mendenhall Anderson Duffey Packers 1 1948 1
Dolph Schayes Syracuse Nationals 1 1949 1

Referències

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  1. Silverman, Drew. NBA Finals (en anglès). ABDO Publishing Company, 2013, p. 14. ISBN 1624010032.