Oli de carbassó

De Viquipèdia
Obrador d'oli de carabassó a Prekmurje, Elovènia
Cucurbita pepo var. styriaca
Llavors seques de Cucurbita pepo var. styriaca

L'oli de carabassó (en anglès: Pumpkin seed oil, en alemany: Kernöl o Kürbiskernöl en eslovè: bučno olje) és un oli comestible que s'obté de les llavors del carabassó d'una certa varietat i quan és completament madur (Cucurbita pepo) A la Unió Europea aquest oli està protegit per una denominació d'origen.

Actualment aquest oli és un important producte d'exportació a les regions austríaques i eslovenes d'Estíria. Es fa premsant les llavors torrades de la varietat de carabassó Cucurbita pepo var. styriaca, també coneguda com var. oleifera. La primera menció escrita d'aquest oli és del 1697.

És un oli viscós de color verda fosca a clara, presenta dicromatisme.[1]


Té gust intens a nous i és ric en àcids grassos poliinsaturats. Se'n fan salses per amanides junt amb mel i oli d'oliva i altres.


  1. Kreft S and Kreft M (2007) Physicochemical and physiological basis of dichromatic colour, Naturwissenschaften 94, 935-939. On-line PDF Arxivat 2020-05-01 a Wayback Machine.
  • Dreikorn, K; Berges, R; Pientka, L; Jonas, U. "Phytotherapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Current evidence-based evaluation" Urologe A. September 2002; 41(5):447-51. (alemany) Quotation: "Only a few randomized clinical trials that meet standard criteria of evidence-based medicine but with relatively short follow-up times and some meta-analyses mainly regarding Serenoa repens and Pygeum africanum as well as more recent studies on pumpkin seeds have shown clinical effects and good tolerability."
  • Vahlensieck, W, Jr. "With alpha blockers, finasteride and nettle root against benign prostatic hyperplasia. Which patients are helped by conservative therapy?" MMW Fortschr Med. 18 April 2002; 144(16):33-6. (alemany) Summary: Established medications for the treatment of BPH in current use are alpha-blockers, finasteride, and the phytotherapeutic agents pumpkin seed (Cucurbitae semen), nettle root (Urticae radix), the phytosterols contained in Hypoxis rooperi, rye pollen and the fruits of saw palmetto (Sabalis serrulati fructus)
  • Dreikorn, K. "The role of phytotherapy in treating lower urinary tract symptoms and benign prostatic hyperplasia". World J Urol. April 2002; 19(6):426-35. Summary: A number of short-term randomised trials and some meta-analyses in the recent literature suggest clinical efficacy and good tolerability for some preparations, mainly extracts from Serenoa repens and also Pygeum africanum, products with high concentrations of beta-sitosterol, and pumpkin seeds.
  • Bracher, F. "Phytotherapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia", Urologe A. January 1997; 36(1):10-7. (alemany) Quotation: "In this article, the most widely used phytopharmaceutical agents, such as saw palmetto berry extracts, Radix urticae extracts, pumpkin seeds, pollen extracts and different phytosterols, are described. Based on these results, the use of phytopharmaceutical agents for the treatment of mild to moderate symptomatic BPH seems to be well justified."
  • Carbin, B.E.; Larsson, B.; Lindahl, O. "Treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia with phytosterols", Br J Urol. December 1990; 66(6):639-41. Quotation: "In a randomised, double-blind study, the preparation Curbicin, obtained from pumpkin seeds and dwarf palm plants (Cucurbita pepo l. and Sabal serrulata), was compared with a placebo in the treatment of symptoms caused by prostatic hyperplasia; 53 patients took part in the study, which was carried out over a 3-month period. Urinary flow, micturition time, residual urine, frequency of micturition and a subjective assessment of the effect of treatment were all significantly improved in the treatment group."

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