Pronunciació rebuda

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La pronunciació rebuda (Received Pronunciation en anglès, abreviat com RP) és la manera de pronunciar de l'anglès habitual al Regne Unit,[1] definit al Concise Oxford English Dictionary com "la pronunciació habitual de l'anglès tal com es parla al sud d'Anglaterra" (the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England),[2] tot i que també es pot escoltar en parlants nadius a tot Anglaterra i Gal·les.[3][4] Peter Trudgill va estimar, el 1974, que el 3% dels habitants britànics eren parlants RP,[5] però aquesta estimació ha estat molt qüestionada per l'expert en fonètica J. Windsor Lewis.[6]

El RP disfruta d'un gran prestigi social a la Gran Bretanya,[7] essent considerat el dialecte d'aquells amb poder, diners i influència, tot i que pot percebre's negativament, per part d'uns sectors, a l'associar-se amb privilegis immerescuts.[8][9] Des de la dècada de 1960 s'ha estat més permissiu amb altres varietats regionals d'Anglaterra a l'educació.[10]

L'estudi del RP només s'ha centrat en la pronunciació, mentre que l'Standard English, el Queen's English, l'Oxford English i el BBC English també tenen en compte altres matèries com la gramàtica, el vocabulari i l'estil. Un individu que utilitza la pronunciació rebuda parla, habitualment, en anglès estàndart.

Referències i bibliografia[modifica]

Referències[modifica]

  1. McDavid, 1965, p. 255.
  2. Pearsall, 1999, p. xiv.
  3. Jack Windsor Lewis. «General British Pronunciation», 15-07-2008.
  4. Wells, 2008, p. xiv.
  5. Trudgill, Peter. «Sociolinguistics of Modern RP». University College London, 8 December 2000. [Consulta: 3 octubre 2012].
  6. Lewis, J. Windsor. «A Notorious Estimate». [Consulta: 17 gener 2017].
  7. Hudson, 1981, p. 337.
  8. Crystal, David. «Language and Time». BBC voices. BBC, March 2007. [Consulta: 18 abril 2011].
  9. McArthur, 2002, p. 43.
  10. Fishman, 1977, p. 319.

Bibliografia[modifica]

  • Collins, Beverley & Mees, Inger M. (2003), The Phonetics of English and Dutch (5th ed.), Leiden: Brill Publishers, ISBN 9004103406, <http://npu.edu.ua/!e-book/book/djvu/A/iif_kgpm_Collins_Phonetics_of_English_and_Dutch_pdf.pdf>
  • Collins, Beverley & Mees, Inger (2013), Practical Phonetics and Phonology: A Resource Book for Students (3rd ed.), Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-50650-2, <https://books.google.com/books?id=faVJTQIw9eQC>
  • Cruttenden, Alan, ed. (2008), Gimson's Pronunciation of English (7th ed.), London: Hodder, ISBN 0340958774
  • Crystal, David (2003), The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language (2 ed.), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-53033-4
  • Crystal, David (2005), The Stories of English, Penguin
  • DuPonceau, Peter S. (1818), "English phonology; or, An essay towards an analysis and description of the component sounds of the English language.", Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 1, pàg. 259–264
  • Ellis, Alexander J. (1869), On early English pronunciation, New York, (1968): Greenwood Press
  • Elmes, Simon (2005), Talking for Britain: A journey through the voices of our nation, Penguin, ISBN 0-14-051562-3
  • Fishman, Joshua (1977), ""Standard" versus "Dialect" in Bilingual Education: An Old Problem in a New Context", The Modern Language Journal 61 (7): 315–325, DOI 10.2307/324550
  • Gimson, Alfred C. (1970), An Introduction to the pronunciation of English, London: Edward Arnold
  • Gimson, Alfred C. (1980), Pronunciation of English (3rd ed.)
  • Gimson, Alfred Charles (2014), Cruttenden, Alan, ed., Gimson's Pronunciation of English (8th ed.), Routledge, ISBN 9781444183092, <https://books.google.com/books?id=M2nMAgAAQBAJ>
  • Gupta, Anthea Fraser (2005), "Baths and becks", English Today 21 (1): 21–27, ISSN 0266-0784, DOI 10.1017/S0266078405001069
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  • International Phonetic Association (1999), Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0521637510
  • Jenkins, Jennifer (2000), The Phonology of English as an International Language, Oxford
  • Jones, Daniel (1917), English Pronouncing Dictionary (1st ed.), London: Dent
  • Jones, Daniel (1926), English Pronouncing Dictionary (2nd ed.)
  • Jones, Daniel (1967), An Outline of English Phonetics (9th ed.), Heffer
  • Jones, Daniel (2011), Roach, Peter; Setter, Jane & Esling, John, eds., Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18 ed.), Cambridge University Press
  • de Jong, Gea; McDougall, Kirsty & Hudson, Toby et al. (2007), "The speaker discriminating power of sounds undergoing historical change: A formant-based study", the Proceedings of ICPhS Saarbrücken, pàg. 1813–1816
  • Ladefoged, Peter (2004), Vowels and Consonants, Thomson
  • Lodge, Ken (2009), A Critical Introduction to Phonetics, Continuum
  • McArthur, Tom (2002), The Oxford Guide to World English, Oxford University Press
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  • Mugglestone, Lynda (2003), 'Talking Proper': The Rise of Accent as Social Symbol (2nd ed.), Oxford University Press
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  • Pearce, Michael (2007), The Routledge Dictionary of English Language Studies, Routledge
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