Usuari:Picapedres/proves/Thomas Rayner Dawson
Aquesta és una pàgina de proves de Picapedres. Es troba en subpàgines de la mateixa pàgina d'usuari. Serveix per a fer proves o desar provisionalment pàgines que estan sent desenvolupades per l'usuari. No és un article enciclopèdic. També podeu crear la vostra pàgina de proves.
Thomas Rayner Dawson|
28 de novembre de 1889
|Mort||16 de desembre de 1951 (als 62 anys)|
|Es coneix per||
Chess problem compositions |
Thomas Rayner Dawson (28 November 1889 Leeds – 16 December 1951) was a British chess problemist and is acknowledged as "the father of Fairy Chess". He invented many fairy pieces and new conditions. He introduced the popular fairy pieces grasshopper, nightrider, and many other fairy chess ideas.
Dawson published his first problem, a two-mover, in 1907. His chess problem compositions include 5,320 fairies, 885 directmates, 97 selfmates, and 138 endings. 120 of his problems have been awarded prizes and 211 honorably mentioned or otherwise commended. He cooperated in chess composition with Charles Masson Fox.
Dawson was founder-editor (1922–31) of The Problemist, the journal of the British Chess Problem Society. He subsequently produced The Fairy Chess Review (1930–51), which began as The Problemist Fairy Chess Supplement. At the same time he edited the problem pages of The British Chess Magazine (1931–51).
Motivation and personality[modifica]
According to The Oxford Companion to Chess:
His genius did not set him apart from his fellows; he could find time for casual visitors, and would explain his ideas to a tyro with patience, modesty, and kindness. Although he won many tourney prizes much of his work was designed to encourage others, to enlarge the small band of fairy problem devotees. He composed less for fame than to amuse himself, confessing to another composer "We do these things for ourselves alone."
Thomas Rayner Dawson
Fairy Chess Review, 1947
|Aquest article empra la notació algebraica per descriure moviments d'escacs.|
- Primer problem (dreta)
- Solució: 1.Ra2 2.Ra3 3.Rb4 4.Rc3 5.Rd3 6.Re2 7.Re1 8.f1=T 9.Rf2 10.Re2 11.Rd3 12.Rc3 13.Rb4 14.Ra3 15.Ra2 16.Ra1 17.Ra2 Cb3#
- Segon problems (més a la dreta)
- Solució: 1.Gh3 Gh4 2.Gh5 Gh6 3.Gh7 Gh8 4.Ge7 Gd7 5.Gc7 Gb7 6.Ga7+ Ga6 7.Ga5+ Ga4 8.Ga3#
- This problem is a strange case of incidence: thematic tourney prescript problems with grasshoppers without limiting number of the moves. The identical problem was sent independently by four composers.
- Caissa's Playthings a series of articles in Cheltenham Examiner (1913)
- Retrograde Analysis, with Wolfgang Hundsdorfer (1915)
- Fata Morgana, with Birgfeld, Nanz, Massmann, Pauly (1922)
- Asymmetry, with W. Pauly (1928)
- Seventy Five Retros (1928)
- Caissa's Wild Roses (1935)
- C. M. Fox, His Problems (1936)
- Caissa's Wild Roses in Clusters (1937)
- Ultimate Themes (1938)
- Caissa's Fairy Tales (1947)
The last five titles were collected as Five Classics of Fairy Chess (Dover Publications 1973, ISBN 978-0-486-22910-2).
- Pritchard, D. B.. The Classified Encyclopedia of Chess Variants. John Beasley, 2007, p. 361. ISBN 978-0-9555168-0-1.
- Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth. The Oxford Companion to Chess. Oxford University Press, 1987, p. 85–86. ISBN 0-19-281986-0.
- Petrovič, Nenad (1949), Šahovski problem, Šahovska centrala, p. 142
- T. R. Dawson: Biography
- The early work of T. R. Dawson by G. P. Jelliss
- Retro-opposition and other retro-analytical chess problems by T. R. Dawson based on Seventy Five Retros; includes further 64 retro-analysis and 3 fairy retros by Dawson
- Retrograde analysis problem by Dawson from Encyclopædia Britannica
- Dawson problems on PDB Server