Usuari:Picapedres/proves/Thomas Rayner Dawson

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Infotaula de personaThomas Rayner Dawson
DawsonThomasRayner.jpg
Biografia
Naixement Thomas Rayner Dawson
28 de novembre de 1889
Leeds, England
Mort 16 de desembre de 1951(1951-12-16) (als 62 anys)
Es coneix per Chess problem compositions
Fairy chess

Thomas Rayner Dawson (28 November 1889 Leeds – 16 December 1951) was a British chess problemist and is acknowledged as "the father of Fairy Chess".[1] He invented many fairy pieces and new conditions. He introduced the popular fairy pieces grasshopper, nightrider, and many other fairy chess ideas.

Career[modifica]

Dawson published his first problem, a two-mover, in 1907. His chess problem compositions include 5,320 fairies, 885 directmates, 97 selfmates, and 138 endings. 120 of his problems have been awarded prizes and 211 honorably mentioned or otherwise commended. He cooperated in chess composition with Charles Masson Fox.

Dawson was founder-editor (1922–31) of The Problemist, the journal of the British Chess Problem Society. He subsequently produced The Fairy Chess Review (1930–51), which began as The Problemist Fairy Chess Supplement. At the same time he edited the problem pages of The British Chess Magazine (1931–51).

Motivation and personality[modifica]

According to The Oxford Companion to Chess:[2]

His genius did not set him apart from his fellows; he could find time for casual visitors, and would explain his ideas to a tyro with patience, modesty, and kindness. Although he won many tourney prizes much of his work was designed to encourage others, to enlarge the small band of fairy problem devotees. He composed less for fame than to amuse himself, confessing to another composer "We do these things for ourselves alone."

Sample problems[modifica]

Thomas Rayner Dawson
Fairy Chess Review, 1947
Chess zhor 26.png
Chess zver 26.png a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8 Chess zver 26.png
a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 g7 h7
a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 nl b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3
a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 f2 pd g2 h2
a1 kd b1 c1 kl d1 e1 f1 g1 h1
Chess zhor 26.png
Series-helpmate in 17 moves. Black makes 17 moves, then White makes a move, delivering checkmate.
Onitiu, Petrović, Dawson & Fox
1st Pr. Kniest TT. 1930, FIDE Album 1914–1944/III
Chess zhor 26.png
Chess zver 26.png a8 gd b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8 Chess zver 26.png
a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 gd g7 h7
a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3
a2 pd b2 c2 d2 e2 f2 g2 h2 gd
a1 kd b1 c1 kl d1 e1 f1 g1 h1 gl
Chess zhor 26.png
Mate in 8 (with grasshoppers Ga8, f7, h2, and h1)
Aquest article empra la notació algebraica per descriure moviments d'escacs.
  • Primer problem (dreta)
Solució: 1.Ra2 2.Ra3 3.Rb4 4.Rc3 5.Rd3 6.Re2 7.Re1 8.f1=T 9.Rf2 10.Re2 11.Rd3 12.Rc3 13.Rb4 14.Ra3 15.Ra2 16.Ra1 17.Ra2 Cb3#
  • Segon problems (més a la dreta)
Solució: 1.Gh3 Gh4 2.Gh5 Gh6 3.Gh7 Gh8 4.Ge7 Gd7 5.Gc7 Gb7 6.Ga7+ Ga6 7.Ga5+ Ga4 8.Ga3#
This problem is a strange case of incidence: thematic tourney prescript problems with grasshoppers without limiting number of the moves. The identical problem was sent independently by four composers.[3]

Publications[modifica]

  • Caissa's Playthings a series of articles in Cheltenham Examiner (1913)
  • Retrograde Analysis, with Wolfgang Hundsdorfer (1915)
  • Fata Morgana, with Birgfeld, Nanz, Massmann, Pauly (1922)
  • Asymmetry, with W. Pauly (1928)
  • Seventy Five Retros (1928)
  • Caissa's Wild Roses (1935)
  • C. M. Fox, His Problems (1936)
  • Caissa's Wild Roses in Clusters (1937)
  • Ultimate Themes (1938)
  • Caissa's Fairy Tales (1947)

The last five titles were collected as Five Classics of Fairy Chess (Dover Publications 1973, ISBN 978-0-486-22910-2).

References[modifica]

  1. Pritchard, D. B.. The Classified Encyclopedia of Chess Variants. John Beasley, 2007, p. 361. ISBN 978-0-9555168-0-1. 
  2. Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth. The Oxford Companion to Chess. Oxford University Press, 1987, p. 85–86. ISBN 0-19-281986-0. 
  3. Petrovič, Nenad (1949), Šahovski problem, Šahovska centrala, p. 142

External links[modifica]

Categoria:Compositors d'escacs