Epinephelus drummondhayi

De Viquipèdia
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Infotaula d'ésser viuEpinephelus drummondhayi
Epinephelus drummondhayi.jpg
Estat de conservació
Status iucn3.1 CR-ca.svg
En perill crític
UICN 7854
EspècieEpinephelus drummondhayi
(Goode & Bean, 1878)[1][2]
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Epinephelus drummondhayi és una espècie de peix de la família dels serrànids i de l'ordre dels perciformes.


Els mascles poden assolir els 110 cm de longitud total.[3]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica]

Es troba a l'Atlàntic occidental.[3]


  1. Bloch M. E. 1793. Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische. Berlin. Naturg. Ausl. Fische v. 7. i-xiv + 1-144.
  2. BioLib
  3. 3,0 3,1 FishBase (anglès)


  • Baillie, J. i Groombridge, B., 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland (Suïssa)
  • Bohnsack, J.A., 1996. Marine reserves, zoning, and the future of fishery management. Fisheries 21(9):14-16.
  • Brule, T., Colas-Marrufo, T., Tuz-Sulub, A. i Deniel, C., 2000. Evidence for protogynous hermaphroditism in the serranid fish Epinephelus drummondhayi (Perciformes: Serranidae) from the Campeche Bank in the southern Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science 66(2): 513-521.
  • Bullock, L.H. i Smith, G.B., 1991. Seabasses (Pisces: Serranidae). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises, Volum VIII, Part II. Florida Marine Research Institute, Department of Natural Resources, St. Petersburg, Florida. 243 pp.
  • Coleman, F.C. i Williams, S.L., 2002. Overexploiting marine ecosystem engineers: potential consequences for biodiversity. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17: 40-44.
  • Coleman, F.C., Baker, P. i Koenig, C.C., 2004. A review of Gulf of Mexico marine protected areas: successes, failures, and lessons learned. Fisheries 29: 10-21.
  • Gilmore, R.G. i Jones, R.S., 1992. Color variation and associated behavior in the epinepheline groupers, Mycteroperca microlepis (Goode and Bean) and Mycteroperca phenax (Jordan and Swain). Bulletin of Marine Science 51: 83-103.
  • Heemstra, P.C. i Randall, J.E., 1993, Groupers of the World (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. FAO Species Catalogue Vol. 16., FAO Fish. Synop. Núm. 125, 125:I-viii, 1-382.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, Estats Units, 1997.
  • Huntsman, G.R., Potts, J., Mays, R.W. i Vaughan, D., 1999. Groupers (Serranidae, Ephinephelinae): endangered apex predators of reef communities. A: J.A. Musick (ed.) Life in the Slow lane: Ecology and Conservation of Long-Lived Marine Animals, pp. 231-271. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Jordan, T., 1998. NMFS - a partner for endangered species. Endangered Species Bulletin [US Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service] 23(1): 4-9.
  • Matheson, R.H., III i Huntsman, G.R., 1984. Growth, mortality, and yield-per-recruit models for speckled hind and snowy grouper from the United States South Atlantic Bight. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 113: 607-616.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall. Any 2000.
  • Musick, J.A., Harbin, M.M., Berkeley, S.A., Burgess, G.H., Eklund, A.M., Findley, L., Gilmore, R.G., Golden, J.T., Ha, D.S., Huntsman, G.R., McGovern, J.C., Parker, S.J., Poss, S.G., Sala, E., Schmidt T.W., Sedberry, G.R., Weeks, H. i Wright, S.G., 2000. Marine, estuarine, and diadromous fish stocks at risk of extinction in North America (Exclusive of Pacific Salmonids). Fisheries 25(11): 6-30.
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3a edició. Nova York, Estats Units: John Wiley and Sons. Any 1994.
  • Parker, R.O. i Mays, R.W., 1998. Southeastern U.S. deepwater reef fish assemblages, habitat characteristics, catches, and life history summaries. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 138, pp. 1-41.
  • Richards, W.J., 1999. Preliminary guide to the identification of the early life history stages of serranid fishes of the western central Atlantic. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFSC-419.
  • Ross, S.W., 1988. Xanthic coloration as the normal color pattern of juvenile speckled hind, Epinephelus drummondhayi (Pisces: Serranidae). Copeia 1988(3): 780-784.
  • Schwartz, F.J., 1978. Xanthochromism in Epinephelus drummondhayi (Pisces: Serranidae) caught off North Carolina. Northeast Gulf Science 2(1): 62-64.
  • Smith, C.L., 1958. The groupers of Bermuda. A: J.E. Bardach, C.L. Smith i D.W. Menzel (eds) Final report of the Bermuda fisheries research program, pp. 37-59. Bermuda Trade Development Board, Hamilton, Bermuda.
  • Smith, G.B. i Bullock, L.H., 1979. Xanthic specimens of speckled hind, Epinephelus drummondhayi (Serranidae), from the eastern Gulf of Mexico. Florida Scientist 42(4): 252-253.
  • Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Collette, B.B. i Luckhurst, B.E., 1999. Fishes of Bermuda: history, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologist Special Publication. Núm. 4. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries.
  • Tester, P.A., Wolfe, C.A., Dixon, R.L. i Huntsman, G.R., 1983. Reef fish distributions off North Carolina and South Carolina as revealed by headboat catches. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFC. Núm.115, pp. 1-12.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a edició, Londres: Macdonald. Any 1985.

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