↑Hutton, F. W., 1872. Fishes of New Zealand. Catalogue with diagnoses of the species (Followed by an article by J. Hector, Notes on the edible fishes, pp. 95-133). Colonial Museum and Geological Survey Department. Wellington. Fishes of New Zealand. Catalogue with diagnoses of the species.: 1-93 + 95-133, Pls. 1-12.
↑Beentjes, P., B. Bull, R.J. Hurst i N.W. Bagley, 2002. Demersal fish assemblages along the continental shelf and upper slope of the east coast of the South Island, New Zealand. N.Z. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 36:197-223.
↑Francis, M.P., 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Pac. Sci. 47(2):136-170.
↑Paulin, C., A. Stewart, C. Roberts i P. McMillan, 1989. New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series Núm. 19. xiv+279 p.
↑Roberts, C.D., 1991. Fishes of the Chatham Islands, New Zealand: a trawl survey and summary of the ichthyofauna. N.Z. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 25(1):1-19.