Kate Bruce

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Infotaula de personaKate Bruce
Kate Bruce - Dec 1921 Photoplay.jpg
Biografia
Naixement 17 febrer 1860
Columbus
Mort 2 abril 1946 (86 anys)
Nova York
Lloc d'enterrament Calvary Cemetery Tradueix
Activitat
Ocupació Actriu i actriu de cinema

IMDB: nm0115524 Allocine: 30953 Allmovie: p9125
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Kate Bruce (1858Nova York, 2 d’abril de 1946) va ser una actriu estatunidenca de cinema mut especialitzada en papers de mare, arribant a ser considerada la “mare de totes les mares” del cinema.[1] En total va actuar en unes 289 pel·lícules entre 1908 i 1931.

Biografia[modifica]

Kate Bruce i Thomas Meighan a la pel·lícula "The City of Silent Men "(1921)

Se sap molt poca cosa de la seva biografia abans de ser actriu de cinema. Probablement Kate Bruce va néixer el 1858[1][2] a Ohio.[1] Possiblement va treballar en un sanatori.[1] Se sap que el 1885 es va unir a una companyia d’actors itinerants.[3] El 1903 actuava a Broadway dins de l’obra “The Starbucks”[4] i el 1905 actuava a Victoria dins de la companyia de Harry Beresford.[5] El 1908 és contractada per la Biograph i actua en múltiples pel·lícules de D.W. Griffith. Si en el teatre havia fet papers de criada en obres còmiques[6] al cinema es va especialitzar en papers de mare dels protagonistes en un sentit victorià.[1] Alguns dels seus papers paradigmàtics en aquest sentit són a Hearts of the World (1918), Way Down East (1920) o True Heart Susie (1919).(REF1) El 1914 Griffith abandona la Biograph amb la seva companyia d'actors però ella romandre a la Biograph fins el 1915. El 1918 es retrobaren i bona part de la resta de la seva filmografia és sota la batuta d’aquest director. La darrera pel·lícula per a tots dos, l’única sonora de l’actriu, fou The Struggle (1931).[7] En l’aspecte personal no es va casar mai. Va ser molt estimada per tota la companyia, “Brucie”, l’anomenaven.[8] Algun biògraf ha suggerit que potser era lesbiana.[1] Les germanes Gish van establir una forta amistat amb l’actriu i quan aquesta es va retirar li van anar passant una pensió que la permetia viure en un hotel de la Madison Avenue de Nova York.[1] Va morir el 2 d’abril de 1946 a Nova York.[2]

Filmografia[modifica]

A la Biograph (1908-1914)[modifica]

Una gran majoria d’aquestes pel·lícules van ser dirigides per D.W. Griffith, quan van ser dirigides o codirigides per altres directors (en la majoria de casos Frank Powell o Mack Sennett) s’indica amb un asterisc (*)

  • The Fight for Freedom]' (1908)
  • The Greaser's Gauntlet (1908)
  • Betrayed by a Handprint]' (1908)
  • Behind the Scenes (1908)
  • An Awful Moment (1908)
  • One Touch of Nature (1909)
  • The Girls and Daddy (1909)
  • The Golden Louis (1909)
  • At the Altar (1909)
  • Trying to Get Arrested (1909)
  • Confidence (1909)
  • A Baby's Shoe (1909)
  • His Duty (1909)
  • The Way of Man (1909)
  • The Country Doctor (1909)
  • The Cardinal's Conspiracy (1909)
  • The Slave (1909)
  • A Strange Meeting (1909)
  • They Would Elope (1909)
  • The Better Way (1909)
  • The Hessian Renegades (1909)
  • Getting Even (1909)
  • The Broken Locket (1909)
  • In Old Kentucky (1909)
  • A Fair Exchange (1909)
  • Wanted, a Child (1909)
  • The Awakening (1909)
  • The Little Teacher (1909)
  • A Change of Heart (1909)
  • His Lost Love (1909)
  • In the Watches of the Night (1909)
  • Lines of White on a Sullen Sea (1909)
  • What's Your Hurry? (1909)
  • The Gibson Goddess (1909)
  • The Light That Came (1909)
  • The Restoration (1909)
  • Two Women and a Man (1909)
  • A Midnight Adventure (1909)
  • The Open Gate (1909)
  • The Mountaineer's Honor (1909)
  • The Trick That Failed (1909)
  • In the Window Recess (1909)
  • Through the Breakers (1909)
  • The Red Man's View (1909)
  • A Corner in Wheat (1909)
  • In a Hempen Bag (1909)
  • A Trap for Santa Claus (1909)
  • In Little Italy (1909)
  • To Save Her Soul (1909)
  • Choosing a Husband (1909)
  • The Rocky Road (1910)
  • All on Account of the Milk* (1910)
  • The Call (1910)
  • The Honor of His Family (1910)
  • The Cloister's Touch (1910)
  • The Woman from Mellon's (1910)
  • The Duke's Plan (1910)
  • One Night and Then (1910)
  • The Englishman and the Girl (1910)
  • His Last Burglary]' (1910)
  • The Newlyweds (1910)
  • The Converts (1910)
  • Faithful (1910)
  • The Twisted Trail (1910)
  • Gold Is Not All (1910)
  • The Two Brothers (1910)
  • As It Is in Life (1910)
  • A Romance of the Western Hills (1910)
  • The Gold Seekers (1910)
  • The Unchanging Sea (1910)
  • Love Among the Roses (1910)
  • Ramona (1910)
  • A Knot in the Plot (1910)
  • The Impalement (1910)
  • In the Season of Buds (1910)
  • A Child of the Ghetto (1910)
  • May and December* (1910)
  • What the Daisy Said (1910)
  • An Arcadian Maid (1910)
  • Her Father's Pride (1910)
  • The Usurer (1910)
  • Willful Peggy (1910)
  • The Modern Prodigal (1910)
  • The Affair of an Egg* (1910)
  • Muggsy Becomes a Hero* (1910]
  • Examination Day at School (1910)
  • The Iconoclast (1910)
  • How Hubby Got a Raise* (1910)
  • A Gold Necklace* (1910)
  • That Chink at Golden Gulch (1910)
  • The Masher* (1910)
  • A Lucky Toothache* (1910)
  • The Broken Doll (1910)
  • The Message of the Violin (1910)
  • Two Little Waifs (1910)
  • Waiter No. 5 (1910)
  • The Fugitive (1910)
  • Simple Charity (1910)
  • The Song of the Wildwood Flute (1910)
  • A Plain Song (1910)
  • Effecting a Cure* (1910)
  • Happy Jack, a Hero* (1910)
  • His Sister-In-Law (1910)
  • White Roses* (1910)
  • His Wife's Sweethearts* (1910)
  • The Italian Barber (1911)
  • The Midnight Marauder* (1911)
  • Help Wanted* (1911)
  • His Trust (1911)
  • His Trust Fulfilled (1911)
  • The Poor Sick Men* (1911)
  • A Wreath of Orange Blossoms* (1911)
  • Three Sisters (1911)
  • Heart Beats of Long Ago (1911)
  • Teaching Dad to Like Her (1911)
  • His Daughter (1911)
  • The Spanish Gypsy (1911)
  • Priscilla and the Umbrella* (1911)
  • Paradise Lost (1911)
  • A Knight of the Road (1911)
  • His Mother's Scarf (1911)
  • How She Triumphed (1911)
  • The Two Sides (1911)
  • In the Days of '49 (1911)
  • The New Dress (1911)
  • The Manicure Lady* (1911)
  • The Crooked Road (1911)
  • Fighting Blood (1911)
  • A Country Cupid (1911)
  • The Last Drop of Water (1911)
  • The Ruling Passion (1911)
  • The Rose of Kentucky (1911)
  • Swords and Hearts (1911)
  • The Villain Foiled* (1911)
  • The Baron* (1911)
  • The Squaw's Love (1911)
  • Her Awakening (1911)
  • The Adventures of Billy]' (1911)
  • The Long Road (1911)
  • The Battle (1911)
  • Through Darkened Vales (1911)
  • A Terrible Discovery (1911)
  • The Voice of the Child (1911)
  • The Baby and the Stork* (1912)
  • The Engagement Ring* (1912)
  • The Eternal Mother (1912)
  • With a Kodak* (1912)
  • The Transformation of Mike (1912)
  • The Sunbeam (1912)
  • A String of Pearls (1912)
  • Iola's Promise (1912)
  • Hot Stuff* (1912)
  • The Punishment (1912)
  • Just Like a Woman (1912)
  • Won by a Fish* (1912)
  • The Brave Hunter* (1912)
  • One Is Business, the Other Crime (1912)
  • The Leading Man* (1912)
  • The Fickle Spaniard* (1912)
  • The Old Actor (1912)
  • When the Fire-Bells Rang* (1912)
  • The Furs* (1912)
  • When Kings Were the Law (1912)
  • A Close Call* (1912)
  • Home Folks (1912)
  • Lena and the Geese (1912)
  • The Spirit Awakened (1912)
  • A Dash Through the Clouds* (1912)
  • The School Teacher and the Waif (1912)
  • An Indian Summer (1912)
  • His Own Fault* (1912)
  • The Would-Be Shriner* (1912)
  • A Child's Remorse (1912)
  • Tragedy of the Dress Suit* (1912)
  • A Feud in the Kentucky Hills (1912)
  • The One She Loved (1912)
  • The Painted Lady (1912)
  • Heredity (1912)
  • The Informer (1912)
  • The New York Hat (1912)
  • My Hero (1912)
  • The Telephone Girl and the Lady (1913)
  • The Tender Hearted Boy (1913)
  • Drink's Lure (1913)
  • A Girl Stratagem (1913)
  • The Unwelcome Guest (1913)
  • The Sheriff's Baby (1913)
  • The Perfidy of Mary (1913)
  • An 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' Troupe* (1913)
  • A Little Tease (1913)
  • A Frightful Blunder* (1913)
  • A Misunderstood Boy (1913)
  • The Wanderer (1913)
  • The Stolen Loaf (1913)
  • The House of Darkness (1913)
  • The Yaqui Cur (1913)
  • Olaf—An Atom* (1913)
  • Just Gold (1913)
  • Death’s Marathon (1913)
  • The Mothering Heart (1913)
  • The Reformers (1913)
  • The Enemy's Baby (1913)
  • The Work Habit* (1913)
  • The Strong Man's Burden* (1913)
  • For the Son of the House* (1913)
  • The Stopped Clock* (1913)
  • Her Wedding Bell* (1913)
  • Her Wedding Gown* (1913)
  • The Battle at Elderbush Gulch (1913)
  • The Mystery of the Milk* (1914)
  • As It Might Have Been* (1914)
  • A Nest Unfeathered* (1914)
  • Judith of Bethulia (1914)
  • The Scar (1914)

A la Biograph sense Griffith (1914-1915)[modifica]

El 1914 Griffith abandona la Biograph per anar a la Mutual Film Corporation, enduent-se el seu equip d’actors. Kate Bruce es queda a la Biograph fins l’any ---- tot i que participa en algunes pel·lícules de la Majestic Motion Picture Company.

  • The Rebellion of Kitty Belle (Majestic Motion Picture Company, 1914)
  • A Lesson in Mechanics (Majestic Motion Picture Company 1914)
  • The Science of Crime (1914)
  • Her Mother's Weakness (1914)
  • The Honor of the Law]' (1914)
  • A Bit of Human Driftwood (1914)
  • His Mother's Home (1914)
  • Their Soldier Boy (1914)
  • The Tides of Sorrow (1914)
  • The Dole of Destiny (1914)
  • The Child Thou Gavest Me (1914)
  • A Mother's Way (1914)
  • As She Never Knew (1914)
  • On the Hieghts (1914)
  • The Way Home (1914)
  • The House of Silence (1914)
  • Playthings of Fate (1915)
  • The Girl He Brought Home (1915)
  • The Lady of Dreams (1915)
  • Heart's Hunger (1915)
  • His Romany Wif] (1915)
  • The Call of Her Chil] (1915)
  • After the Storm, regia di Travers Vale (1915)
  • His Desperate Deed (1915)
  • His Brother's Keeper (1915)
  • Lorna Doone (1915)
  • One Hundred Dollars (1915)
  • When Hearts Are Young (1915)
  • Felix Holt (1915)
  • Captain Fracasse (1915)
  • The Smuggler's Ward]' (1915)
  • The Drab Sister (1915)
  • Jane Eyre (1915)
  • East Lynne (1915)
  • Twice Won (1915)
  • The Rehearsal (1915)
  • The Soul of Pierre (1915)
  • A Lasting Lesson (1915)
  • The Old and the New (1915)
  • A Mystery of the Mountains (1915)
  • The Tides of Retribution (1915)

Darreres pel·lícules[modifica]

A finals de 1915 Bruce abandona la Biograph. Primer va ser contractada per a la Fine Arts Film Company i a partir del 1918 per la D.W. Griffith Productions tot i que els darrers anys treballa en pel·lícules de productores diferents.

  • Civilization (Thomas H. Ince Corporation, 1916)
  • Betty of Greystone (Fine Arts Film Company, 1916)
  • Susan Rocks the Boat (Fine Arts Film Company, 1916)
  • The Marriage of Molly-O (Fine Arts Film Company, 1916)
  • Gretchen the Greenhorn (Fine Arts Film Company, 1916)
  • Intolerance: Love's Struggle Throughout the Ages (Triangle Film Corporation, 1916)
  • The Microscope Mystery (Fine Arts Film Company, 1916)
  • The House Built Upon Sand (Fine Arts Film Company, 1916)
  • A Girl Like That (Famous Players Film Company, 1917)
  • Betsy's Burglar (Fine Arts Film Company, 1917)
  • A Woman's Awakening (Fine Arts Film Company, 1917)
  • Souls Triumphant (Fine Arts Film Company, 1917)
  • Madame Bo-Peep (Fine Arts Film Company, 1917)
  • Time Locks and Diamonds (New York Motion Picture, Kay-Bee Pictures1917)
  • The Stainless Barrier (Triangle Film Corporation, 1917)
  • Hearts of the World (D.W. Griffith Prod., Famous Players-Lasky Corp., 1918)
  • The Hun Within (F-4 Picture Corp., 1918)
  • Lillian Gish in a Liberty Loan Appeal (D.W. Griffith Productions, 1918)
  • The Greatest Thing in Life (Artcraft Pictures Corporation, 1918)
  • A Romance of Happy Valley (D.W. Griffith Productions, 1919)
  • The Girl Who Stayed at Home (D.W. Griffith Productions, 1919)
  • True Heart Susie (D.W. Griffith Productions, 1919)
  • Scarlet Days (D.W. Griffith Productions, 1919)
  • The Idol Dancer (D.W. Griffith Productions, 1920)
  • Mary Ellen Comes to Town (New Art Film Company, 1920)
  • Way Down East (D.W. Griffith Productions, 1920)
  • Flying Pat (New Art Film Company, 1920)
  • The City of Silent Men (Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, 1921)
  • Experience (Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, 1921)
  • Orphans of the Storm (D.W. Griffith Productions, 1921)
  • The White Rose (D.W. Griffith Productions, 1923)
  • His Darker Self (G. & H. Pictures, 1924)
  • I Want My Man (First National Pictures, 1925)
  • Are Brunettes Safe? (Hal Roach Studios, 1927)
  • The Secret Studio (Fox Film Corp, 1927)
  • Ragtime (James Ormont Productions, 1927)
  • A Bowery Cinderella (Excellent Pictures, 1927)
  • The Flying Fool (Pathé Exchange, 1929)
  • The Struggle (D.W. Griffith Productions, 1931)

Referències[modifica]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5 1,6 Slide, Anthony. Silent Players: A Biographical and Autobiographical Study of 100 Silent Film Actors and Actresses (en en). University Press of Kentucky, 2010-02-01, p. 55-56. ISBN 9780813137452. 
  2. 2,0 2,1 Katchmer, George A. A Biographical Dictionary of Silent Film Western Actors and Actresses (en en). McFarland, 2015-05-20, p. 40. ISBN 9781476609058. 
  3. «A place where old age is an asset.». The Times from Streator, 26-02-1925, pàg. 6.
  4. «Kate Bruce» (en anglès). Internet Broadway Database. [Consulta: 9 octubre 2019].
  5. «The Stage». The Daily Colonist XCIII, 90, 26-03-1905, pàg. 10.
  6. Roberts, Sally «Our animated monthly of movie news and views». Motion Picture Magazine, Febrer 1919, pàg. 88.
  7. Lowe, Denise. An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Women in Early American Films, 1895-1930 (en en). Psychology Press, 2005, p. 95-98. ISBN 9780789018434. 
  8. Arvidson, Linda. When the Movies were young (en anglès). E.P. Dutton Ed., 1925. 

Enllaços externs[modifica]

Filmografia de Kate Bruce al catàleg de l'American Film Institute