Sander vitreus

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Sander vitreus
Sander vitreus.jpg
Walleye painting.jpg
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Ordre: Perciformes
Família: Percidae
Gènere: Sander
(Oken, 1817)[1]
Espècie: S. vitreus
Nom binomial
Sander vitreus
(Mitchill, 1818)[2][3]
Sinònims
  • Lucioperca americana (Cuvier, 1828)
  • Lucioperca grisea (DeKay, 1842)
  • Perca vitrea (Mitchill, 1818)
  • Sander vitreus glaucus (Hubbs, 1926)
  • Stizostedion glaucum (Hubbs, 1926)
  • Stizostedion virtreum (Mitchill, 1818)
  • Stizostedion vitreum (Mitchill, 1818)
  • Stizostedion vitreum glaucum (Hubbs, 1926)
  • Stizostedion vitreum vitreum (Mithchill, 1818)
  • Stizostedium vitreum vitreum (Mithchill, 1818)[4]

La Sander vitreus és una espècie de peix de la família dels pèrcids i de l'ordre dels perciformes present a les conques dels Grans Llacs d'Amèrica del Nord,[5][6][7][8][9][10][11] del riu Sant Llorenç, de l'Oceà Àrtic[12] i del riu Mississipí des del Quebec fins als Territoris del Nord-oest al Canadà[13][14][15][16][17] i Alabama i Arkansas als Estats Units. Ha estat extensament introduït a les conques atlàntiques, pacífiques i del golf de Mèxic dels Estats Units.[18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51]

Morfologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

Representació d'aquest peix a Garrison (Minnesota), Estats Units)
Pescador a Pennsilvània

Els mascles poden assolir 107 cm de longitud total (normalment, en fa 54)[52] i 11,3 kg de pes.[53] Té 13-17 espines i 18-22 radis tous a l'aleta dorsal i 2 espines i 11-14 radis tous a l'anal i 44-48 vèrtebres.[54][55]

Ecologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

És un peix d'aigua dolça i salabrosa, demersal, potamòdrom[56] i de clima temperat (55°N-35°N ), el qual viu fins als 27 m de fondària[57][58] als llacs, llacunes, masses d'aigües estancades i rius mitjans i grans. Prefereix els grans llacs poc fondos i amb una alta terbolesa.[59][60][55]

Menja de nit principalment peixos (com ara Perca flavescens[61] i Aplodinotus grunniens) i insectes, i, en menor mesura, crancs, caragols, granotes i petits mamífers quan peixos i insectes esdevenen escassos.[62][63][64][65][66][67]

Al Canadà és depredat pel lluç de riu (Esox lucius), Esox masquinongy, Stizostedion canadense i Stizostedion vitreum, i als Estats Units per Morone americana[68] i la llampresa de mar (Petromyzon marinus).[69][70]

És inofensiu per als humans i la seua esperança de vida és de 29 anys.[71][72][55]

Ús comercial i gastronòmic[modifica | modifica el codi]

No és molt conreat comercialment per al consum humà, però si que ho és per a omplir llacs destinats a la pesca esportiva.[73] Es comercialitza fresc o congelat i es menja fregit, rostit, enfornat i fet al forn microones.[74][55]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Oken L., 1817. V. Kl. Fische. Isis (Oken) v. 8 (núm. 148). 1779-1782 (for 1179-1182 + -1182a-).
  2. Mitchill, S. L., 1818. Memoir on ichthyology. The fishes of New York... In a supplement to the Memoir... Am. Monthly Mag. Crit. Rev. v. 2: 241-248, 321-328.
  3. BioLib
  4. Catalogue of Life (anglès)
  5. Wolfert, D.R., 1981. The commercial fishery for walleyes in New York waters of Lake Erie, 1959-1978. N. Am. J. Fish. Manage. 1:112-126.
  6. Shuter, B.J., J.F. Koonce i H.A. Regier, 1979. Modeling the western Lake Erie walleye population: a feasibility study. Tech. Rep. No.32, Great Lakes Fishery Commission. Abril del 1979; 40 p.
  7. Petit, G.D., 1973. Effects of dissolved oxygen on survival and behavior of selected fishes of western Lake Erie. Bull. Ohio Biol. Survey 4:1-76.
  8. Knight, R.L. i B. Vondracek, 1993. Changes in prey fish populations in western lake Erie, 1969-1988, as related to walleye, Stizostedion vitreum, predation. Can. J. Fish. Aquat Sci. 50 :1289-1298.
  9. Hubbs, C.L. i K.F. Lagler, 1941. Guide to the fishes of the Great Lakes and tributary waters. Cranbook Inst. Sci. Bull. 18:100 p.
  10. Hubbs, C.L., 1926. A check-list of the fishes of the Great Lakes and tributary waters, with nomenclatorial notes and analytic keys. Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Misc. Publ. 15:77 p.
  11. Hohn, M.H., 1966. Analysis of plankton ingested by Stizostedium vitreum vitreum (Mitchill) fry and concurrent vertical plankton tows from Southwestern Lake Erie, May 1961 and May 19621-2. The Ohio J. Sci. 66(2):193.
  12. Pennant, T., 1792. Arctic zoology. Segona edició. Londres 1(1):1-334; 2:1-418.
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Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

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Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]