Llista de les illes d'Escòcia

De Viquipèdia
(S'ha redirigit des de: Illes d'Escòcia)
Salta a la navegació Salta a la cerca
Mapa de les Hèbrides interiors i exteriors (Inner and Outer Hebrides)

Llista de les illes d'Escòcia: Escòcia té nombroses illes i l'illa major forma part de la part septentrional de l'illa de Gran Bretanya. L'oficina del General Register Office for Scotland defineix una illa com "una massa de terra envoltada per l'aigua, separada de la part principal d'Escòcia (from the Scottish mainland)", i aquesta definició no inclou illes enllaçades per ponts, i altres enginys humans.

Escòcia té unes 790 illes fora de la costa (offshore islands), la majoria de les quals es poden situar en quatre grups: Shetland, Orkney, i les Hèbrides, subdividides en les Inner Hebrides i les Outer Hebrides.[1] També hi ha grups d'illes en el Firth de Clyde, Firth de Forth, i Solway Firth, i nombroses illetes en masses d'aigües dolces d'Escòcia incloent Loch Lomond i Loch Maree.

L'illa més gran és Lewis and Harris que fa 2.179 km², i hi ha unes 200 illes més extenses de 40 hectàrees. D'entre elles són ben conegudes, malgrat ser petites, Staffa i les Flannan Isles.[1] Unes 94 illes escoceses estan permenentment habitades, de les quals 89 són illes fora de la costa i entre els anys 2001 i 2011 la població total de les illes escoceses ha crescut un 4% fins a arribar a 103.702 habitants.[2]


Rang Illa Autoritat local c. 1801 1841 1891 1931 1961 1981 2001[3] 2011
1 Lewis and Harris[4] Na h-Eileanan Siar 12,164 20,046 30,726 28,042 24,107 22,476 19,918 21,031
2 Mainland (Shetland)[5] Shetland 20,572 19,741 15,172 13,282 17,722 17,550 18,765
3 Mainland (Orkney)[6] Orkney 16,022 16,498 13,352 13,495 14,000 15,315 17,162
4 Skye[7] Highland 14,470 (in 1794) 23,082 15,705 9,908 7,479 7,276 9,232 10,008
5 Bute[8] Argyll and Bute 4,759 (in 1792) 7,147 11,735 12,112 9,793 7,306 7,228 6,498
6 Arran[9] North Ayrshire 5,804 (in 1792) 6,241 4,730 4,506 3,700 3,845 5,045 4,629
7 Islay[10] Argyll and Bute 9,500 (in 1792) 15,772 7,375 4,970 3,860 3,792 3,457 3,228
8 Mull[11] Argyll and Bute 8,016 (in 1794) 8,316 4,691 2,903 2,154 2,197 2,667 2,800
9 South Uist[12] Na h-Eileanan Siar 5,093 3,708 2,810 2,376 2,231 1,818 1,754
10 Great Cumbrae[13] North Ayrshire 509 (in 1793) 1,413 1,784 2,144 1,638 1,300 1,434 1,376
TOTAL 123,704 116,693 95,919 81,884 82,145 83,664 87,251
Variació (5,7%) (17,8%) (14,6%) 0,3% 1,8% 4,3%


Llista d'illes més grans de 40 hectàrees[modifica]

Els grups d'illes són: Firth of Clyde, Islay, Firth of Lorn, Mull, Small Isles, Skye, Lewis and Harris, Uists i Barra, St Kilda, Orkney, Shetland i Firth of Forth. "F" designa una illa d'aigua dolça.

Les illes d'escòcia inclouen 15 Munros (muntanyes de més de 3000 peus o 914.4 metres), 12 dels munros es troben a Skye, i un total de 227 Marilyns (turons de prominència relativament alta) d'almenys 150 metres sense considerar la seva alçada absoluta.[14]

Orkney
Arxipèlag de les Shetland
Far de Bressay e a Kirkabister Ness, Shetland
L'Old Man of Hoy, Orkney, a 137 metres
Penya-segats de Creag na Bruaich, Raasay
Far de Dhu Heartach (1822-1878).
Dos dels Paps de Jura. Photo by John Shaw
Penya-segats d' Eshaness, North Mainland (Shetland)
MV Isle of Lewis a The Minch
Port de Stornoway, Lewis
Machair a Balephuil Bay, Tiree
Costa oriental de Mousa cap a Peerie Bard.
Pinacles de roca a Quiraing, Skye
Illa Grup Superfície (ha) [15][Note 1] Població [16][17] Alçada (m)[18]
Ailsa Craig (Creag Ealasaid) Firth of Clyde &000000000000009900000099 0 338
Arran (Eilean Arainn) Firth of Clyde &000000000004320100000043.201 4,629 874
Auskerry Orkney &000000000000008500000085 4 18
Baleshare (Am Baile Sear) Uists and Barra &0000000000000910000000910 58 12
Balta Shetland &000000000000008000000080 0 44
Barra (Barraigh) Uists and Barra &00000000000058750000005.875 1,174 383
Barra Head (Beàrnaraigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000204000000204 0 193
Benbecula (Beinn nam Fadhla) Uists and Barra &00000000000082030000008.203 1,303 124
Berneray (North Uist) (Beàrnaraigh) Uists and Barra &00000000000010100000001.010 138 93
Bigga Shetland &000000000000007800000078 0 34
Boreray (Boraraigh) St Kilda &000000000000008600000086[19] 0 384
Boreray (Boighreigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000204000000204 0 56
Bressay Shetland &00000000000028050000002.805 368 226
Brother Isle Shetland &000000000000004000000040 0 25
Bruray Out Skerries &000000000000005500000055 24 53
Burray Orkney &0000000000000903000000903 409 80
Bute (Bòid) Firth of Clyde &000000000001221700000012.217 6,498 278
Calf of Eday Orkney &0000000000000243000000243 0 54
Calbha Mor Edrachillis Bay &000000000000007000000070[20] 0 67
Calve Island Mull &000000000000007200000072 0 20
Canna (Canaigh) Small Isles &00000000000011300000001.130 12 210
Cara Islay &000000000000006600000066 0 56
Càrna Mull &0000000000000213000000213 0 169
Cava Orkney &0000000000000107000000107 0 38
Ceallasaigh Mòr Uists and Barra &000000000000005500000055[20] 0 10
Ceallasaigh Beag Uists and Barra &000000000000004600000046[20] 0 10
Ceann Ear Monach Islands &0000000000000203000000203 0 17
Ceann Iar Monach Islands &0000000000000154000000154 0 19
Coll (Cola) Mull &00000000000076850000007.685 195 104
Colonsay (Colbhasa) Islay &00000000000040740000004.074 124 143
Copinsay Orkney &000000000000007300000073 0 64
Danna Islay &0000000000000315000000315 * 1 54
Davaar (Eilean Dà Bhàrr) Firth of Clyde &000000000000005200000052 * 0 ° 115
Dunglass Island (F) River Conon &000000000000004000000040 * 0 8
Easdale (Eilean Èisdeal) Slate Islands &000000000000002000000020 <20 * 59 38
East Burra Shetland &0000000000000515000000515 76 81
Eday Orkney &00000000000027450000002.745 160 101
Egilsay Orkney &0000000000000650000000650 26 35
Eigg (Eige) Small Isles &00000000000030490000003.049 83 393
Eileach an Naoimh Garvellachs &000000000000005600000056 0 80
Eilean Bàn (Lochalsh) Highland &000000000000001000000010 <10 * 0 ° 5
Eilean Chaluim Chille Lewis and Harris &000000000000008500000085 0 43
Eilean Chearstaidh Lewis and Harris &000000000000007700000077 0 37
Eilean dà Mhèinn Islay &00000000000000030000003 * 1 16
Eilean Donan Highland &00000000000000010000001 <1 * 0 ° 3
Eilean Dubh Mòr Slate Islands &000000000000006500000065 0 53
Eilean Fladday Inner Hebrides &0000000000000120000000120[20] 0 39
Eilean Liubhaird Lewis and Harris &0000000000000125000000125 0 76
Eilean Macaskin Islay &000000000000005000000050 0 65
Eilean Meadhonach Crowlin Islands &000000000000007700000077 0 54
Eilean Mhic Chrion Islay &000000000000005400000054 * 0 63
Eilean Mòr Crowlin Islands &0000000000000170000000170 0 114
Eilean Mòr (F) Lewis &000000000000005900000059 * 0 64
Eilean nan Ròn Highland &0000000000000138000000138 0 76
Eilean Righ Islay &000000000000008600000086 0 55
Eilean Shona Small Isles &0000000000000525000000525 2 265
Eilean Sùbhainn (F) Loch Maree &0000000000000118000000118 * 0 36
Eilean Tigh Skye &000000000000005400000054[20] 0 111
Eilean Tioram Small Isles &00000000000000020000002 * 6 10
Eilean Trodday Skye &000000000000004200000042 0 45
Eileanan Iasgaich Uists and Barra &000000000000005000000050 0 23
Ensay (Easaigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000186000000186 0 49
Eorsa Mull &0000000000000122000000122 0 98
Eriska (Aoraisge) Loch Linnhe &0000000000000310000000310 * -[Note 2] 47
Eriskay (Èirisgeigh) Uists i Barra &0000000000000703000000703 143 185
Erraid (Eilean Earraid) Mull &0000000000000187000000187 6 75
Eynhallow Orkney &000000000000007500000075 0 30
Fair Isle Shetland &0000000000000768000000768 68 217
Fara Orkney &0000000000000295000000295 0 43
Faray Orkney &0000000000000180000000180 0 32
Fetlar Shetland &00000000000040780000004.078 61 158
Fiaraidh Uists and Barra &000000000000004100000041 0 30
Flodaigh Uists and Barra &0000000000000145000000145 * 7 20
Flodaigh Mòr Uists and Barra &000000000000005800000058 0 28
Flodday (Barra) Uists and Barra &000000000000004000000040 0 41
Flotta Orkney &0000000000000876000000876 80 58
Foula Shetland &00000000000012650000001.265 38 418
Fraoch-eilean Uists and Barra &000000000000005500000055[20] -[Note 3] 11
Fuaigh Mòr (Vuia Mòr) Lewis and Harris &000000000000008400000084 0 67
Fuday (Fùideigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000232000000232 0 89
Fuiay (Fùidheigh) Uists and Barra &000000000000008400000084 0 107
Gairsay Orkney &0000000000000240000000240 3 102
Garbh Eileach Garvellachs &0000000000000142000000142 0 110
Garbh Eilean Shiant Islands &0000000000000143000000143 0 160
Garbh Eilean (Loch Maree) (F) Loch Maree &000000000000006500000065 * 0 25
Gigha (Giogha) Islay &00000000000013950000001.395 163 100
Gighay (Gioghaigh) Uists and Barra &000000000000009600000096 0 95
Glims Holm Orkney &000000000000005500000055 0 32
Gometra (Gòmastra) Mull &0000000000000425000000425 2 155
Graemsay Orkney &0000000000000409000000409 28 62
Great Bernera (Beàrnaraigh Mòr) Lewis and Harris &00000000000021220000002.122 252 87
Great Cumbrae (Cumaradh Mòr) Firth of Clyde &00000000000011680000001.168 1,376 127
Grimsay (Griomasaigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000833000000833 169 22
Grimsay South (Griomasaigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000117000000117 * 20 20
Gruinard Island (Eilean Ghruinneard) Highland &0000000000000196000000196 0 106
Gunna (Gunnaigh) Mull &000000000000006900000069 0 35
Handa (Eilean Shannda) Highland &0000000000000309000000309 0 123
Hascosay Shetland &0000000000000275000000275 0 30
Hellisay (Theiliseigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000142000000142 0 79
Hermetray (Thearmatraigh) Uists and Barra &000000000000007200000072 0 35
Hildasay Shetland &0000000000000108000000108 0 32
Hirta (Hiort) St Kilda &0000000000000670000000670 0 430
Holm of Grimbister Orkney &000000000000001600000016[20] 3 8
Holy Isle (Eilean MoLaise) Firth of Clyde &0000000000000253000000253 31 314
Horse Island Summer Isles &000000000000005300000053 0 60
Housay Out Skerries &0000000000000163000000163 50 53
Hoy Orkney &000000000001345800000013.458 419[22] 479
Hunda Orkney &0000000000000100000000100 0 41
Inchcailloch (F) (Innis nan Cailleach) Loch Lomond &000000000000005000000050[20] 0 85
Inchcolm (Innis Choluim) Firth of Forth &00000000000000090000009 * 0 ° 34
Inchfad (F) (Innis Fhada) Loch Lomond &000000000000004000000040 c.40 * 1 24
Inch Kenneth (Innis Choinnich) Mull &000000000000005500000055 0 49
Inchlonaig (F) Loch Lomond &000000000000008000000080[20] 0 62
Inchmarnock (Innis Mheàrnaig) Firth of Clyde &0000000000000266000000266 0 60
Inchmurrin (F) (Innis Mheadhrain) Loch Lomond &0000000000000120000000120[20] 8 89
Inchtavannach (F) (Innis Taigh a' Mhanaich) Loch Lomond &000000000000007000000070[20] 3 84
Inner Holm Orkney &00000000000000020000002 * 1 7
Innis Chonain (F) Loch Awe &00000000000000080000008 * 5 62
Iona (Ì Chaluim Chille) Mull &0000000000000877000000877 177 100
Isay (Ìosaigh) Skye &000000000000006000000060 0 28
Islay (Ìle) Islay &000000000006195600000061.956 3,228 491
Isle Martin (Eilean Mhàrtainn) Summer Isles &0000000000000157000000157 0 120
Isle of Ewe (Eilean Iùbh) Highland &0000000000000309000000309 7 72
Isle of May (Eilean Mhàigh) Firth of Forth &000000000000004500000045 0 50
Isle Ristol (Eilean Ruisteil) Summer Isles &0000000000000225000000225 * 0 71
Jura (Diùra) Islay &000000000003669200000036.692 196 785
Kerrera (Cearrara) Firth of Lorne &00000000000012140000001.214 34 189
Killegray (Ceileagraigh) Lewis and Harris &0000000000000176000000176 0 45
Kirkibost (Eilean Chirceboist) Uists and Barra &0000000000000205000000205 0 7
Lamba Shetland &000000000000004300000043 0 35
Lamb Holm Orkney &000000000000004000000040 0 20
Lewis and Harris (Leòdhas agus na Hearadh) Lewis and Harris &0000000000217898000000217.898 21,031 799
Linga (Muckle Roe) Shetland &000000000000007000000070 0 69
Linga (Yell) Shetland &000000000000004500000045 0 26
Linga Holm Orkney &000000000000005700000057 0 10
Lismore (Lios Mòr) Loch Linnhe &00000000000023510000002.351 192 127
Little Bernera (Beàrnaraigh Beag) Lewis and Harris &0000000000000138000000138 0 41
Little Colonsay (Colbhasa Beag) Mull &000000000000008800000088 0 61
Little Cumbrae (Cumaradh Beag) Firth of Clyde &0000000000000313000000313 0 123
Longa Island (Longa) Highland &0000000000000126000000126 0 70
Longay (Longaigh) Skye &000000000000005000000050 0 67
Luing (Luinn) Slate Islands &00000000000014300000001.430 195 94
Lunga Slate Islands &0000000000000254000000254 0 ° 98
Lunga Treshnish Isles &000000000000008100000081 0 103
Mainland (Orkney) Orkney &000000000005232500000052.325 17,162 271
Mainland (Shetland) Shetland &000000000009687900000096.879 18,765 450
Eilean Mhealasta Lewis and Harris &0000000000000124000000124 0 77
Mingulay (Miughalaigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000640000000640 0 273
Moncrieffe Island (F) (Eilean Mhon Craoibhe) River Tay &000000000000004600000046 * 3 5
Mousa Shetland &0000000000000180000000180 0 55
Muck (Eilean nam Muc) Small Isles &0000000000000559000000559 27 137
Muckle Roe Shetland &00000000000017730000001.773 130 267
Muldoanich (Maol Dòmhnaich) Uists and Barra &000000000000007800000078 0 153
Mull (Muile) Mull &000000000008753500000087.535 2,800 966
North Rona (Rònaigh) Atlantic Outlier &0000000000000109000000109 0 108
North Ronaldsay Orkney &0000000000000690000000690 72 20
North Uist (Uibhist a Tuath) Uists and Barra &000000000003030500000030.305 1,254 347
Noss Shetland &0000000000000343000000343 0 181
Oldany Island Highland &0000000000000200000000200 * 0 104
Oronsay (Hèbrides Interiors) (Orasa) Islay &0000000000000543000000543 8 93
Oronsay (Orasaigh) Uists and Barra &000000000000008500000085 0 25
Oronsay (Orasaigh) Mull &0000000000000230000000230 * 0 58
Oxna Shetland &000000000000006800000068 0 38
Pabay (Pabaigh) Skye &0000000000000122000000122 0 28
Pabay Mòr (Pabaigh Mòr) Lewis and Harris &0000000000000101000000101 0 68
Pabbay (Pabaigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000250000000250 0 171
Pabbay (Pabaigh) Lewis and Harris &0000000000000820000000820 0 196
Papa Shetland &000000000000005900000059 0 32
Papa Little Shetland &0000000000000226000000226 0 82
Papa Stour Shetland &0000000000000828000000828 15 87
Papa Stronsay Orkney &000000000000007400000074 0 ° 13
Papa Westray Orkney &0000000000000918000000918 90 48
Priest Island (Eilean a' Chlèirich) Summer Isles &0000000000000122000000122 0 78
Raasay (Ratharsair) Skye &00000000000064050000006.405 161 443
Ronay (Rònaigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000563000000563 0 115
Rousay Orkney &00000000000048600000004.860 216 250
Rùm Small Isles &000000000001046300000010.463 22 812
Samphrey Shetland &000000000000006600000066 0 29
Sanda Island (Àbhainn) Firth of Clyde &0000000000000151000000151 0 ° 123
Sanday (Sanndaigh) Orkney &00000000000050430000005.043 494 65
Sanday (Sanndaigh) Small Isles &0000000000000184000000184 9 59
Sandray (Sanndraigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000385000000385 0 207
Scalpay (Sgalpaigh) Skye &00000000000024830000002.483 2 392
Scalpay (Sgalpaigh) Lewis and Harris &0000000000000653000000653 291 104
Scarba (Sgarba) Islay &00000000000014740000001.474 0 449
Scarp (An Sgarp) Lewis and Harris &00000000000010450000001.045 0 308
Seaforth Island (Eilean Shìphoirt) Lewis and Harris &0000000000000273000000273 0 217
Seil (Saoil) Slate Islands &00000000000013290000001.329 551 146
Sgeotasaigh Lewis and Harris &000000000000004900000049 0 57
Shapinsay Orkney &00000000000029480000002.948 307 64
Shillay (Siolaigh) Lewis and Harris &000000000000004700000047 0 79
Shuna (Siuna) Slate Islands &0000000000000451000000451 3 90
Shuna (Siuna) Loch Linnhe &0000000000000155000000155 0 71
Skye (An t-Eilean Sgitheanach) Skye &0000000000165625000000165.625 10,008 993
Soay (Sòdhaigh) Skye &00000000000010360000001.036 1 141
Soay (Soaigh) St Kilda &000000000000009900000099 0 378
Soay Mòr (Sòdhaigh Mòr) Lewis and Harris &000000000000004500000045 0 37
South Havra Shetland &000000000000005900000059 0 42
South Rona (Rònaigh) Skye &0000000000000930000000930 3 125
South Ronaldsay Orkney &00000000000049800000004.980 909 118
South Uist (Uibhist a Deas) Uists and Barra &000000000003202600000032.026 1,754 620
South Walls Orkney &00000000000011000000001.100[20] - [22] 57
Stockinish Island (Eilean Stocainis) Lewis and Harris &000000000000004900000049 0 44
Stroma (Sròmaigh) Highland &0000000000000375000000375 0 53
Stromay (Sròmaigh) Uists and Barra &000000000000006600000066 0 16
Stronsay Orkney &00000000000032750000003.275 349 44
Stuley (Stadhlaigh) Uists and Barra &000000000000004500000045 0 40
Switha Orkney &000000000000004100000041 0 29
Swona Orkney &000000000000009200000092 0 41
Tahay (Tathaigh) Uists and Barra &000000000000005300000053 0 65
Tanera Beag (Tannara Beag) Summer Isles &000000000000006600000066 0 83
Tanera Mòr (Tannara Mòr) Summer Isles &0000000000000310000000310 4 124
Taransay (Tarasaigh) Lewis and Harris &00000000000014750000001.475 0 267
Texa Islay &000000000000004800000048 0 48
Tiree (Tiriodh) Mull &00000000000078340000007.834 653 141
Torsa Slate Islands &0000000000000113000000113 0 62
Trondra Shetland &0000000000000275000000275 135 60
Ulva (Ulbha) Mull &00000000000019900000001.990 11 313
Unst Shetland &000000000001206800000012.068 632 284
Uyea Shetland &0000000000000205000000205 0 50
Vaila Shetland &0000000000000327000000327 2 95
Vacsay (Bhacasaigh) Lewis and Harris &000000000000004100000041 0 34
Vallay (Bhàlaigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000260000000260 0 38
Vatersay (Bhatarsaigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000960000000960 90 185
Vementry Shetland &0000000000000370000000370 0 90
West Burra Shetland &0000000000000743000000743 776 217
West Linga Shetland &0000000000000125000000125 0 52
Westray Orkney &00000000000047130000004.713 588 169
Whalsay Shetland &00000000000019700000001.970 1,061 119
Wiay (Fùidheigh) Skye &0000000000000148000000148 0 60
Wiay (Fùidheigh) Uists and Barra &0000000000000375000000375 0 102
Wyre Orkney &0000000000000311000000311 29 32
Yell Shetland &000000000002121100000021.211 966 205

Quatre illes registrades com habitades no consten al cens de 2011: Eilean dà Mhèinn, Eilean Tioram, Holm of Grimbister i Inner Holm.[16]

A contiunuació es llisten les illes que segons National Records of Scotland estan "incloses en el NRS statistical geography for inhabited islands però no tenen residents habituals en el moment del cens de 2001 o de 2011."[16] Cap d'elles excepte Holm és major de 40 ha.

Illa Localització
Castle Stalker (Eilean an Stalcaire) Firth of Lorn
Eilean Horrisdale (Eilean Thòrathasdail) Gair Loch
Eilean Loain Loch Sween
Eilean na Cille Uists and Barra
Ensay Lewis and Harris
Inch Kenneth Mull
Inchlonaig (F) Loch Lomond
Inchcruin (F)[Note 4] Loch Lomond
Kisimul Castle (Caisteal Chiosmuil) Uists i Barra
Lamb Holm Orkney

Illes d'aigua dolça[modifica]

Loch Lomond des de Beinn Dubh i Creag a t-Seilich

Les illes d'aigua dolça més notables inclouen Lochindorb Castle Island, Loch Leven Castle Island, St Serf's Inch, i Inchmahome, cadascuna de les quals han jugat un paper important en la història d'Escòcia.

Inchmurrin és l'illa d'aigua dolça més gran de les Illes Britàniques.[23][24] Es troba a Loch Lomond, que conté unes altres 60 illes.[24] Loch Maree també conté diverses illes, les més gran de les quals són Eilean Sùbhainn, Garbh Eilean i Eilean Ruairidh Mòr.

Les illes fora de la costa més petites[modifica]

A continuació es presenta una llista d'illes no habitades més petites de 4 hectàrees.

Nom Grup d'illes / Localització
Bac Mòr Treshnish Isles
Bass Rock Firth of Forth
Bayble Island Lewis and Harris
Bearasaigh Loch Ròg
Belnahua Slate Islands
Bottle Island Summer Isles
Brough of Birsay Orkney
Bound Skerry Shetland
Cairn na Burgh Beag Treshnish Isles
Cairn na Burgh Mòr Treshnish Isles
Calbha Beag Edrachillis Bay
Calf of Flotta Orkney Islands
Calvay Outer Hebrides
Campaigh Loch Ròg
Castle Island Firth of Clyde
Clett Inner Hebrides
Corn Holm Orkney Islands
Craigleith Firth of Forth
Craiglethy Fowlsheugh
Cramond Island Firth of Forth
Damsay Orkney Islands
Dore Holm Shetland
Dubh Artach Inner Hebrides
Dùn St Kilda
Dùn Channuill Garvellachs
East Linga Shetland Islands
Eilean Chathastail Inner Hebrides
Eilean Dubh Firth of Clyde
Eilean Ighe Arisaig
Eilean Mhuire Shiant Isles
Eilean Mòr, Loch Dunvegan Skye
Eyebroughy Firth of Forth
Fidra Firth of Forth
Fish Holm Shetland Islands
Fladda Slate Islands
Fladda Treshnish Isles
Flodday near Vatersay Uists and Barra
Fuaigh Beag (Vuia Beg) Loch Ròg
Garbh Sgeir Inner Hebrides
Gigalum Island Inner Hebrides
Gloup Holm Shetland Islands
Glunimore Island Firth of Clyde
Grunay Out Skerries
Gruney Shetland Islands
Gualan Outer Hebrides
Haaf Gruney Shetland Islands
Harlosh Island Inner Hebrides
Haskeir Outer Hebrides
Haskeir Eagach Outer Hebrides
Hearnish Monach Islands
Helliar Holm Orkney Islands
Hestan Island Solway Firth
Holm of Faray Orkney Islands
Holm of Huip Orkney Islands
Holm of Papa Orkney Islands
Holm of Scockness Orkney Islands
Horse Isle Firth of Clyde
Nom Grup d'illes / Localització
Huney Shetland Islands
Inchgarvie Firth of Forth
Inchkeith Firth of Forth
Inchmickery Firth of Forth
Innis Mhòr Easter Ross
Kili Holm Orkney Islands
Lady's Holm Shetland Islands
Lady Isle Firth of Clyde
The Lamb Firth of Forth
Little Linga Shetland Islands
Little Roe Shetland Islands
Linga, Samphrey Shetland Islands
Lingeigh Outer Hebrides
Lunna Holm Shetland Islands
Maiden Island Inner Hebrides
Mingay Inner Hebrides
Muckle Flugga Shetland Islands
Muckle Green Holm Orkney Islands
Muckle Skerry Pentland Skerries
Mugdrum Island Firth of Tay
Nave Island Islay
North Havra Shetland Islands
Oigh-Sgeir Inner Hebrides
Orfasay Shetland Islands
Ornsay Inner Hebrides
Orsay Inner Hebrides
Out Stack Shetland Islands
Pladda Firth of Clyde
Rockall North Atlantic
Rough Solway Firth
Rusk Holm Orkney Islands
Rysa Little Orkney Islands
Scaravay Outer Hebrides
Sgat Mòr and Sgat Beag Firth of Clyde
Sheep Island Firth of Clyde
Sibhinis Monach Isles
Shillay Monach Islands
Soay Beag Outer Hebrides
South Isle of Gletness Shetland Islands
St Ninian's Isle Shetland Islands
Stac an Armin St Kilda
Stac Biorach St Kilda
Stac Lee St Kilda
Stac Levenish St Kilda
Staffa Inner Hebrides
Stockay Monach Islands
Stuley Outer Hebrides
Sula Sgeir Atlantic Ocean
Sule Skerry Atlantic Ocean
Sule Stack Atlantic Ocean
Sweyn Holm Orkney Islands
Tarner Island Inner Hebrides
Trialabreac Outer Hebrides
Urie Lingey Shetland Islands
Uyea, Northmavine Shetland Islands
Uynarey Shetland Islands
Vacsay Loch Ròg

Petits arxipèlags[modifica]

Boreray, Stac Lee, i Stac an Armin (esquerra) des dels heights of Conachair, St Kilda

Inclouen:

Nom Grup d'illes / Localització
Ascrib Islands Skye
Burnt Islands Firth of Clyde
Crowlin Islands Skye
Flannan Isles Lewis and Harris
Islands of Fleet Solway Firth (Wigtown Bay)
Garvellachs Firth of Lorn
MacCormaig Islands Islay
Monach Islands Uists
Out Skerries Shetland
Pentland Skerries Orkney
Rabbit Islands (Eileanan nan Gall) Highland (N Sutherland)
Ramna Stacks Shetland
Scalloway Isles Shetland
Shiant Isles Lewis and Harris
Slate Islands Firth of Lorn
St Kilda Lewis and Harris
Summer Isles Inner Hebrides
Treshnish Isles Mull

Antigues illes[modifica]

Ruins a Eilean Chaluim Chille, prop de Kilmuir, Skye.

Llista d'antigues illes que ara ja no ho són per haver quedat enllaçades per terra, per construcció de ports etc.

Illes unides amb ponts[modifica]

Inchgarvie sota de Forth Bridge

Outer Hebrides[modifica]

Inclou les illes de:

Al nord, Scalpay i Great Bernera estan connectades amb Lewis and Harris.

Inner Hebrides[modifica]

Illes Orkney[modifica]

De forma similar, 4 illes Orkney estan unides a Orkney Mainland per una sèrie de causeways coneguts com Churchill Barriers. Són:

Hunda està connectada a Burray via una carretera elevada.

Illes Shetland[modifica]

Diverses illes Shetland estan unides a Shetland Mainland:

També hi ha un pont des de Housay a Bruray.

Altres[modifica]

Diverses altres illes estan connectades per ponts o carreteres elevades a la terra ferma o a altres illes, inclouen:

Illes de marea i tómbols[modifica]

Una platja a Oronsay per Colonsay

A Escòcia i ha nombrosos illots de marea, que inclouen :

Oronsay siginifica "illa ebb" .[31]

Illes castell[modifica]

Castle Stalker, en la pel·lícula Monty Python and the Holy Grail

Els exemples inclouen:

Illes sagrades[modifica]

El centre budista tibetà a Holy Isle
Priorat d'Oronsay

Les més notables inclouen:

Illes que porten el nom d'una persona[modifica]

Llocs anomenats "island" o similar que no són illes[modifica]

Burntisland - ja no és una illa

Alguns llocs d'Escòcia que tenen un nom que inclou "isle" o "island" no són illes. Inclouen:

Taula de classificació
Nom Grup insular / Localització
Black Isle (An t-Eilean Dubh) Ross and Cromarty
Burntisland Fife
Gluss Isle Shetland
Isle of Harris (Na Hearadh) Outer Hebrides
Isle of Lewis (Eilean Leòdhais) Outer Hebrides
Isleornsay (Eilean Iarmain) Skye
Islesteps (south of Dumfries) Dumfries and Galloway
Isle of Whithorn Dumfries and Galloway


Altres elements[modifica]

Vementry Farm, a Mainland Shetland, amb Isle of Vementry

El terme "Inch" (Innis) pot significar illa (per exemple, Inchkenneth, Inchcolm), però també es fa servir per terra ferma envoltada per un aiguamoll, per exemple, Markinch, Insch.

Eilean és la paraula en gaèlic escocès per a "illa". Tanmateix, Inistrynich, Eilean na Maodail, Eilean Dubh i Liever Island són tots ells promontoris a Loch Awe. Igualment Eilean Aoidhe a Loch Fyne. La Black Isle és també An t-Eilean Dubh en gaèlic, mentre que Eilean Glas forma part de Scalpay.

"-holm" és un sufix comú en diversos llocs de l'interior, per exemple, Langholm, Kirk Yetholm, Holmhead (per Cumnock), Holmhill (proper a Thornhill, Nithsdale).

Illes que reben el nom de zones de terra ferma[modifica]

Per exemple, Vementry; Oldany Island; Cramond Island; i Eilean Mhealasta a les Outer Hebrides, que rep el nom de Mealista a Lewis.

Crannogs[modifica]

Reconstrucció moderna d'un crannog a Loch Tay

Els Crannogs són illes artificials prehistòriques creades en els llacs. Actualment apareixen com illetes circulars d'entre 10–30 metres de diàmetre.[32] Els exemples a Escòcia inclouen:

Referències i notes[modifica]

Referències generals[modifica]

Notes[modifica]

  1. Les superfícies, indicades amb un asterisc. provenen de mapes d'Ordnance Survey i General Register Office for Scotland statistics.
  2. Aquesta illa té un hotel[21] però en el cens no consta com una illa.
  3. Aquesta illa està a (Plantilla:Gbmapping and the evidence of both Ordnance Survey maps and photographs (e.g. "Houses on Seana Bhaile" Geograph. Retrieved 10 August 2009) indicates a resident population. There is even a name, "Seana Bhaile" for the main settlement. However, neither the census nor the main reference work (Haswell-Smith 2004) refer to the island at all. Its small population is presumably included in nearby Grimsay (which has a population of over 800) by the census.
  4. Referida pel National Records of Scotland (2013) com "Inchruin",.

Referències específiques[modifica]

  1. 1,0 1,1 Haswell-Smith, Hamish. The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate, 2004. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7. 
  2. "Scotland's 2011 census: Island living on the rise". BBC News. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  3. General Register Office for Scotland (28 November 2003) Scotland's Census 2001 – Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  4. Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 288
  5. Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 434
  6. Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 354
  7. Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 173
  8. Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 23
  9. Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 11
  10. Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 41
  11. Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 87
  12. Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 236
  13. Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 18
  14. D.A. Bearhop. Munro's Tables. Scottish Mountaineering Club & Trust, 1997. ISBN 0-907521-53-3. 
  15. Haswell-Smith (2004), save as otherwise stated.
  16. 16,0 16,1 16,2 National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  17. Islands classified as inhabited in the 2001 census but not in 2011, and by implication classified as occasionally inhabited, are indicated with a degree symbol °.!Group:Note
  18. Plantilla:Ordnance Survey Note that the maps mark the height above sea level of a high point on most islands, but in a small number of cases, this may not be the highest peak.
  19. United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre
  20. 20,00 20,01 20,02 20,03 20,04 20,05 20,06 20,07 20,08 20,09 20,10 20,11 Rick Livingstone’s Tables of the Islands of Scotland (pdf) Argyll Yacht Charters. Retrieved 12 Dec 2011.
  21. "Come to our Island and Enjoy...". Isle of Eriska Hotel. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  22. 22,0 22,1 The census does not list South Walls as an island, but includes the total in Hoy.
  23. «Loch Lomond Islands - Inchmurrin». Loch Lomond.net. [Consulta: 20 abril 2012].
  24. 24,0 24,1 Dow, Jim (2005) Islands Galore. A Scottish Islands Handbook. Edinburgh. Black & White Publishing.
  25. "Broch of Clickimin" Undiscovered Scotland. Retrieved 20 December 2009.
  26. "Slate Islands - The Islands that Roofed the World" southernhebrides.com. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
  27. "Local Names" Culter.net. Retrieved 3 January 2009.
  28. Hansom, JD and Black, SDL (1996) "The Geomorphology of Morrich More: Management Prescription Review" (pdf) SNH. Retrieved 29 November 2009.
  29. «Preston Island». Gazetteer for Scotland. [Consulta: 26 desembre 2009].
  30. Clickimin Broch Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  31. Pàrlamaid na h-Alba placenames Retrieved 16 July 2007.
  32. "What is a crannog?" Scottish Crannog Centre. Retrieved 26 December 2008.

Enllaços externs[modifica]

A Wikimedia Commons hi ha contingut multimèdia relatiu a: Llista de les illes d'Escòcia Modifica l'enllaç a Wikidata