Alosa (peix)

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Alosa
Eocè - actualitat[1]
Alosa fallax
Alosa fallax
Alosa sapidissima
Alosa sapidissima
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Ordre: Clupeiformes
Família: Clupeidae
Gènere: Alosa
Linck, 1790[2]
Espècies

Vegeu el text

Sinònims

Caspialosa Berg, 1915[3]

Alosa és un gènere de peixos de la família dels clupeids i de l'ordre dels clupeïformes.[4] present a l'Oceà Atlàntic, la Mar Mediterrània (incloent-hi la Mar Negra), la Mar Càspia i el Golf Pèrsic.[5] Els peixos d'aquest gènere són coneguts per detectar ultrasons que els ajuden a evitar els dofins que els acacen utilitzant l'ecolocalització.[5]

Espècies[modifica | modifica el codi]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Sepkoski, Jack (2002): "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. «Enllaç» (en anglès).
  2. Linck H. F. 1790. Versuch einer Eintheilung der Fische nach den Zähnen. Mag. Neueste Phys. Naturgesch. v. 6 (núm. 3). 28-38.
  3. 3,0 3,1 BioLib (anglès)
  4. The Taxonomicon (anglès)
  5. 5,0 5,1 ZipCodeZoo (anglès)
  6. 6,0 6,1 Mitchill, S. L. 1814. Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill, M. D., ... on the fishes of New-York. Nova York. Rept. Fish N. Y.: 1-28.
  7. Loesch, J., 1969. A study of the blueback herring, Alosa aestivalis(Mitchill), in Connecticut waters. University of Connecticut. 78 p.
  8. Scopoli, J. A. 1786-1788. Deliciae florae et faunae Insubricae, seu novae, aut minus cognitae species plantarum et animalium quas in Insubria Austriaca tam spontaneas, quam exoticas vidit, descripsit et aeri incidi curavit J. A. Scopoli. Pars I-III. Ticini. Deliciae Florae Faune Insubricae. 75 pls.
  9. Bianco, P.G., 2002. The status of the twaite shad, Alosa agone, Italy and the western Balkans. P.S.Z.N. Mar. Ecol. 23(Suppl.1):51-64.
  10. Evermann, B. W. 1896. Description of a new species of shad (Alosa alabamae) from Alabama. Rep. U. S. Fish Comm. v. 21 (1894): 203-205.
  11. Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1: i-ii + 1-824.
  12. Eiras, J.D.C., 1981. Sur une population d'Alosa alosa L., Poisson migrateur amphibiotique, thalassotrophe bloquée en eau douce au Portugal. Cybium 3è série 5(1):69-73.
  13. Quignard, J.-P. i C. Douchement, 1991. Alosa alosa (Linnaeus 1758). p. 89-126. A H. Hoestlandt (ed.) The freshwater fishes of Europe. Vol. 2. Clupeidae, Anguillidae. AULA-Verlag Wiesbaden.
  14. Sabatié, M.-R., 1990. Croissance linéaire de l'alose vraie, Alosa alosa Linné, 1758 (Clupeidae), dans l'oued sebou (Façade nord-Atlantique du Maroc). Cybium 14(2):131-142.
  15. Sabatié, M.-R., P. Alexandrino i J.-L. Baglinière, 1996. Comparaison des caractéristiques biologiques de la grande alose (Alosa alosa) dans l'oued sebou (facade nord-Atlantique du Maroc) et dans le fleuve Lima (Portugal). Cybium 20(3):59-73.
  16. Swinney, G. N., J. S. Blackadder, i K. P. Bland 2000: Allis shad, Alosa alosa (L.), in Shetland waters. The Glosgow Naturalist. v. 23 (pt 5): 35-38.
  17. Borodin, N. A. 1904. Biological study on Caspian shads. Vestnik Rybopromyshlennosti v. 19 (núm. 3): 167-198.
  18. Vetchanin, V.I., 1984. Feeding of the astrakhan shad, Alosa brasnikovi (Clupeidae), in the southeastern Caspian sea. J. Ichthyol. 24(5):143-147.
  19. 19,0 19,1 Eichwald, C. E. von. 1838. Faunae Caspii maris primitiae. Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou v. 11: 125-174.
  20. Rafinesque, C. S. 1820. Ichthyologia Ohiensis (Part 4). Western Rev. Misc. Mag. v. 2 (núm. 3): 169-177.
  21. Suvorov, E. K. 1907. Studien zur Erforschung der Kaspihäringe der Kaspi-Häringe. I. Rassen, Abarten und Arten. Trudy Kasp. Exped. 1904 v. 1: 139-199.
  22. Lacépède, B. G. E. 1803. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 5: i-lxviii + 1-803 + index, Pls. 1-21.
  23. Assis, C.A., P.R. Almeida, F. Moreira, J.L. Costa i M.J. Costa, 1992. Diet of the twaite Alosa fallax (Lacépède) (Clupeidae) in the River Tagus Estuary, Portugal. J. Fish Biol. 41(6):1049-1050.
  24. Clardige, P.N. i D.C. Gardner, 1978. Growth and movements of the twaite shad, Alosa fallax (Lacepède), in the Severn estuary. J. Fish Biol. 12:203-211.
  25. Douchement, C., 1981. Les aloses des fleuves français Alosa fallax (Lacépède, 1803) et Alosa alosa (Linné, 1758). Biométrie, Ecobiologie, autonomie des populations. Thèse 3ème Cycle, U.S.T.L. Montpellier. 377 p.
  26. Bennett, E. T. 1835. (A letter...to the Secretary by Keith E. Abbott, Esq.,...a collection of skins of mammals and birds, and of preserved reptiles, fishes, and insects). Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1835 (pt 3): 89-92.
  27. 27,0 27,1 Grimm, O. von. 1887. Astrakhan herring. Sel'skoe khozyaistvo i lesovodstvo 1887 (núm. 2): 1-43 in separate.
  28. 28,0 28,1 Regan, C. T. 1916. The British fishes of the sub-family Clupeinae and related species in other seas. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (Ser. 8) v. 18 (núm. 103): 1-19, Pls. 1-3.
  29. Economidis, P.S. i A.I. Sinis, 1991. Alosa macedonica (Vinciguerra 1921). p. 297-308. A H. Hoestlandt (ed.) The freshwater fishes of Europe. Vol. 2. Clupeidae, Anguillidae. AULA-Verlag Wiesbaden.
  30. 30,0 30,1 Grimm, O. von. 1901. The herrings of the Sea of Azov. Vestnik Rybopromyshlennosti v. 16 (núm. 2): 57-70.
  31. Mansueti, R.J., 1962. Eggs, larvae, and young of the hickory shad, Alosa mediocris, with comments on its ecology in the estuary. Chesapeake Sci. 3(3):173-205.
  32. Wilson, A. 1811. (Article on Clupea.) The Cyclopedic; or, universal dictionary of arts, sciences, and letters. Rees' Cyclopedia v. 9: No pagnation.
  33. Brown, E.H. Jr., 1972. Population biology of alewives, Alosa pseudoharengus, in Lake Michigan, 1949-1970. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 29:477-500.
  34. Cianci, J.M., 1969. Larval development of the alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus Wilson, and the glut herring, Alosa aestivalis Mitchill. University of Connecticut. 62 p.
  35. Kissil, G.W., 1969. Contributions to the life history of the alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus (Wilson), in Connecticut. University of Connecticut. 111 p.
  36. Kissil, G.W., 1974. Spawning of the anadromous alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus, in Bride Lake, Connecticut. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 103(2):312-317.
  37. Marcy, B.C. Jr., 1968. Age determination from scales of Alosa pseudoharengus (Wilson), and Alosa aestivalis (Mitchill), in Connecticut waters. University of Connecticut.
  38. Mayers, L.J. i L. Roberts, 1969. Chromosomal homogeneity of five populations of alewives, Alosa pseudoharengus. Copeia 1969(2):313-317
  39. Mills, E.L., R. O'Gorman, E.F. Roseman, C. Adams i R.W. Owens, 1995. Planktivory by alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) and rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) on microcrustacean zooplankton and dreissenid (Bivalvia: Dreissenidae) veligers in southern Lake Ontario. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 52:925-935.
  40. Norden, C.R., 1967. Age, growth and fecundity of the alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus (Wilson), in Lake Michigan. Proc. Conf. Great Lakes Res. 10:70-78.
  41. Norden, C.R., 1967. Development and identification of the larval alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus (Wilson), in Lake Michigan. Proc. Conf. Great Lakes Res. 10:70-78.
  42. Rothschild, B.J., 1962. The life history of the alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus (Wilson) in Cayuga Lake, New York. Cornell University. 113 p.
  43. Stone, H.H. i G.R. Daborn, 1987. Diet of alewives, Alosa pseudoharengus and blueback herring, Alosa aestivalis (Pisces: Clupeidae) in Minas Basin, Nova Scotia, a turbid, macrotidal estuary. Environ. Biol. Fish. 19(1):55-67.
  44. Tyus, H.M., 1974. Movements and spawning of anadromous alewifes, Alosa pseudoharengus (Wilson) at Lake Mattamuskeet, North Carolina. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 103(2):392-395.
  45. Wilson, A. [1811]. (Article on Clupea.) The Cyclopedic; or, universal dictionary of arts, sciences, and letters. Rees' Cyclopedia v. 9: No pagnation.
  46. Chittenden, M.E. Jr., 1969. Life history and ecology of the American shad, Alosa sapidissima, in the Delaware River. Rutgers University. 458 p.
  47. Chittenden, M.E. Jr., 1976. Present and historical spawning grounds and nurseries of American shad, Alosa sapidissima, in the Delaware River. Fish. Bull. 74:343-352.
  48. Crecco, V., T. Savoy i L. Gunn, 1983 Daily mortality rates of larval and juvenile American shad (Alosa sapidissima) in the Connecticut River with changes in year-class strength. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 40:1719-1728.
  49. Leggett, W.C.G., 1969. Studies on the reproductive biology of the American shad, Alosa sapidissima, Wilson. A comparison of populations from four rivers of the Atlantic seaboard. McGill University. 125 p.
  50. Leim, A.H., 1924. The life history of the shad (Alosa sapidissima (Wilson)), with special reference to the factors limiting its abundance. Contrib. Can. Biol. n.s. 2(11):161-284.
  51. Melvin, G.D., M.J. Dadswell i J.D. Martin, 1985. Impact of lowhead hydroelectric tidal power development on fisheries. 1.- A pre-operation study of the spawning population of American shad, Alosa sapidissima (Pisces: Clupeidae), in the Annapolis River, Nova Scotia, Canada. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. (1340):1-37.
  52. Milner, J.W., 1874. Report on the propagation of the shad (Alosa sapidissima) and its introduction into new waters by the U.S. Fish Commissioner in 1873. U.S. Comm. Fish. Rept. (1872-73)2:419-451.
  53. Rice, H.J., 1878. Notes upon the development of the sad, Alosa sapidissima. Md. Comm. Fish. Rept. 1878:95-106.
  54. Ryder, J.A., 1884. On the retardation of the development of the ova of shad (Alosa sapidissima) with observations on the egg fungus and bacteria. Rep. U.S. Comm. Fish. 1881(1884):795-811.
  55. Savoy, T.J. i V.A. Crecco, 1988. The timing and significance of density-dependent and density-independent mortality of American shad Alosa sapidissima. Fish. Bull. 86:467-482.
  56. Stevens, D.E., 1966. Distribution and food habits of the American shad, Alosa sapidissima, in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. p. 97-107. A J.L. Turner and D.W. Kelly (comp.) Ecological studies of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. Part II Fishes of the Delta. Fish. Bull. 136.
  57. Welander, A.D., 1940. Notes on the dissemination of shad, Alosa sapidissima (Wilson), along the Pacific coast of North America. Copeia (4):221-223.
  58. 58,0 58,1 58,2 Berg, L. S. 1913. Herrings captured during the 1912 expedition along the western bank of the Caspian Sea. Mat. Pozn. Russ. Rybol., Sant Petersburg v. 2 (núm. 3): 1-50, Pls. 1-14.
  59. Economidis, P. S. & A. I. Sinis. 1986. Situation taxinomique et comparaisons des aloses (Pisces, Clupeidae) provenant des lacs Volvi et Vistonis (Grèce). Description d'une nouvelle sous-espèce: Alosa caspia vistonica. J. Nat. Hist. v. 20 (núm. 3): 723-734.
  60. AQUATAB.NET
  61. FishBase (anglès)
  62. Catalogue of Life (anglès)
  63. Discover Life (anglès)
  64. Dictionary of Common (Vernacular) Names (anglès)
  65. IUCN (anglès)
  66. UNEP-WCMC Species Database (anglès)
  67. Practical Fishkeeping (anglès)

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Bentzen, P., W.C. Leggett i G.G. Brown, 1993. Genetic relationships among the shads (Alosa) revealed by mitochondrial DNA analysis. J. Fish Biol. 43:909-917.
  • D'Ancona, U., 1927. Il problema dell'accrescimento dei pesci studiato sull'Alosa finta del Tevere. Atti. Accad. naz. Lincei Memorie 2(6):494-540.
  • Eschmeyer, William N.: Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. iii + 697. ISBN 0-940228-23-8. Any 1990.
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. 2905. ISBN 0-940228-47-5
  • Evermann, B. W. 1902: Description of a new species of shad (Alosa ohiensis), with notes on other food-fishes of the Ohio River. Report of the United States Fish Commission v. 27 (1901): 273-288.
  • Grabe, S.A., 1996. Feeding chronology and habits of Alosa spp. (Clupeidae) juveniles from the lower Hudson River estuary, New York. Environ. Biol. Fish. 47:321-326.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, Estats Units, 1997.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall. 2000.
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3a. edició. Nova York, Estats Units: John Wiley and Sons. Any 1994.
  • Pavlov, P. I. 1959: The clupeid genus Alosa in the northwestern part of the Black Sea. Inst. Akad. Nauk. USSR, Kíev: 252 pp.
  • Sinis, A.I., 1981. L'autoécologie de l'espèce endémique Alosa (Caspialosa) macedonica (Vinciguerra) (Pisces, Clupeidae), du lac Volvi. Université de Thessaloniki. 198 p.
  • Vasil'eva, E. D. 1996: On divergence of shads of genus Alosa from the Azov Sea: Craniological findings. Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 36 (núm. 2): 147-153.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a. edició, Londres: Macdonald. 1985

Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]