Amphiprion clarkii

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Amphiprion clarkii
Amphiprion Clarkii 1.jpg
Amphiprion clarkii sipadan.jpg
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Ordre: Perciformes
Família: Pomacentridae
Gènere: Amphiprion
(Bloch & Schneider, 1801)[1]
Espècie: A. clarkii
Nom binomial
Amphiprion clarkii
(Bennett, 1830)[2]
Sinònims
  • Amphiprion boholensis (Cartier, 1874)[3]
Amphiprion clarkii
Vista lateral
Un exemplar, davant d'una anemone
Un Amphiprion clarkii amagat en una anemone

Amphiprion clarkii és una espècie de peix de la família dels pomacèntrids i de l'ordre dels perciformes.[4]

Morfologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Els mascles poden assolir 15 cm de llargària total.
  • Té dues bandes blanques: una es troba darrere de l'ull i l'altra dalt de l'anus.
  • Aleta caudal de color blanc, de vegades groguenca, però sempre més esvaïda que la resta del cos.[5][6]

Reproducció[modifica | modifica el codi]

És ovípar[7] i monògam.[8]

Alimentació[modifica | modifica el codi]

És omnívor.[5]

Hàbitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

Viu a zones de clima tropical (30°N-30°S, 47°E-172°W), associat als esculls de corall, a 1-60 m de fondària i en simbiosi amb les anemones Cryptodendrum adhaesivum, Entacmaea quadricolor, Heteractis aurora, Heteractis crispa, Heteractis magnifica, Heteractis malu, Macrodactyla doreensis, Stichodactyla gigantea, Stichodactyla haddoni i Stichodactyla mertensii.[5][9][10]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es troba des del Golf Pèrsic fins a Austràlia Occidental. També és present a Melanèsia, Micronèsia, Taiwan, el sud del Japó i les Illes Ryukyu.[5]

Longevitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

Viu fins als onze anys.[11]

Observacions[modifica | modifica el codi]

Pot ésser criat en captivitat.[12][13]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Bloch M. E. & Schneider J. G. 1801. M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini. Sumtibus Auctoris Impressum et Bibliopolio Sanderiano Commissum. Systema Ichthyol. . i-lx + 1-584. Pls. 1-110.
  2. Bennett, J. W. 1828-1830. A selection from the most remarkable and interesting fishes found on the coast of Ceylon. Londres. Fishes of Ceylon First Edition: i--viii + 30 unnumbered pp., Pls. 1-30.
  3. «Amphiprion clarkii». Catalogue of Life. (anglès)
  4. The Taxonomicon (anglès)
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 FishBase (anglès)
  6. Anderson, C. i A. Hafiz 1987. Common reef fishes of the Maldives. Novelty Press, Maldives.
  7. Thresher, R.E. 1984. Reproduction in reef fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Neptune City, Nova Jersey, Estats Units. 399 p.
  8. Whiteman, E.A. i I.M. Côté 2004. Monogamy in marine fishes. Biol. Rev. 79:351-375.
  9. Broad, G. 2003. Fishes of the Philippines. Anvil Publishing, Inc., pasi City. 510 pp.
  10. Fautin, D.G. i G.R. Allen 1992. Field guide to anemonefishes and their host sea anemones. Western Australian Museum, Francis Street, Perth.
  11. Moyer, J.T. 1986. Longevity of the anemonefish Amphiprion clarkii at Miyake-jima, Japan with notes on four other species. Copeia 1986(1):135-139.
  12. Miyagawa, K. 1989. Experimental analysis of the symbiosis between anemonefishes and sea anemones. Ethology 80:19-46.
  13. Moe, A.M. Jr. 1992. The marine aquarium handbook. Beginner to breeder. Green Turtle Publication, Florida, Estats Units. 318 p.

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

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  • Allen, G.R. 1975. The anemone fishes. Their classification and biology. Segona edició. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, Nova Jersey.
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  • Balon, E.K. 1990. Epigenesis of an epigeneticist: the development of some alternative concepts on the early ontogeny and evolution of fishes. Guelph Ichthyol. Rev. 1:1-48.
  • Bell, L.J. 1976. Notes on the nesting success and fecundity of the anemonefish Amphiprion clarkii at Miyake-jima, Japan. Japan. J. Ichthyol. 22:207-211.
  • Bell, L.J., J.T. Meyer i K. Numach 1982. Morphological and genetic variation in Japanese populations of the anemone fish (Amphiprion clarkii). Mar. Biol. 72:99-108.
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  • Chen, J.-P., R.-Q. Jan i K.-T. Shao 1997. Checklist of reef fishes from Taiping Island (Itu Aba Island), Spratly Islands, South China Sea. Pac. Sci. 51(2):143-166.
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  • Ochi, H. 1986. Growth of the anemonefish Amphiprion clarkii in temperate waters, with special reference to the influence of settling time on the growth of 0- year olds. Mar. Biol. 92:223-229.
  • Okiyama, M. 1988. An atlas of the early stage fishes in Japan. Tokai University Press, Tòquio. 1157 p.
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  • Randall, J.E., J.T. Williams, D.G. Smith, M. Kulbicki, G.M. Tham, P. Labrosse, M. Kronen, E. Clua i B.S. Mann 2003. Checklist of the shore and epipelagic fishes of Tonga. Atoll Res. Bull. Núms. 497-508.
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  • Shao, K.-T. i L.-S. Chen 1990. Exotic marine fishes (I). Encyclopedia of field guide in Taiwan, vol. 17.
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  • Wantiez, L. i C. Chauvet 2003. First data on community structure and trophic networks of Uvea coral reef fish assemblages (Wallis and Futuna, South Pacific ocean). Cybium 27(2):83-100.
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Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]