Ctenopharyngodon idella

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Ctenopharyngodon idella
Chub Pengo.jpg
Exemplar immadur
Exemplar immadur
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Ordre: Cypriniformes
Família: Cyprinidae
Gènere: Ctenopharyngodon
(Steindachner, 1866)[1]
Espècie: C. idella
Nom binomial
Ctenopharyngodon idella
(Valenciennes, 1844)[2][3]
Sinònims
  • Ctenopharingodon idella (Valenciennes, 1844)
  • Ctenopharingodon idellus (Valenciennes, 1844)
  • Ctenopharygodon idella (Valenciennes, 1844)
  • Ctenopharyngodon idellus (Valenciennes, 1844)
  • Ctenopharyngodon laticeps (Steindachner, 1866)
  • Leuciscus idella (Valenciennes, 1844)
  • Leuciscus idellus (Valenciennes, 1844)
  • Leuciscus tschiliensis (Basilewsky, 1855)
  • Pristiodon siemionovii (Dybowski, 1877)
  • Sarcocheilichthys teretiusculus (Kner, 1867)[4]
Ctenopharyngodon idella
Exemplar fotografiat a Florida

Ctenopharyngodon idella és una espècie de peix de la família dels ciprínids i de l'ordre dels cipriniformes.

Morfologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

Alimentació[modifica | modifica el codi]

Menja plantes aquàtiques, detritus, insectes i d'altres invertebrats.[7]

Depredadors[modifica | modifica el codi]

És depredat per Channa argus warpachowskii, Elopichthys bambusa, Luciobrama typus, Esox lucius, Stizostedion lucioperca, Siniperca chuatsi, Silurus asotus, Micropterus salmoides, Ardeola schistaceus, Sinonatrix piscator i Enhydris chinensis.[8]

Hàbitat[modifica | modifica el codi]

És un peix d'aigua dolça i de clima subtropical.[7]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es troba a Àsia: des de la Xina fins a la Sibèria oriental (conca del riu Amur), tot i que ha estat introduït arreu del món.[9][10][7][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45]

Ús gastronòmic[modifica | modifica el codi]

És venut fresc i es menja al vapor, fregit, rostit o enfornat.[46]

Observacions[modifica | modifica el codi]

És considerat una plaga a la majoria dels països a causa dels danys que provoca a la vegetació submergida.[47]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Steindachner F., 1866. Ichthyologische Mittheilungen. (IX.). Verh. K.-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien v. 16. 761-796.
  2. BioLib (anglès)
  3. Cuvier, G. & A. Valenciennes, 1844. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome dix-septième. Suite du livre dix-huitième. Cyprinoïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 17: i-xxiii + 1-497 + 2 pp., Pls. 487-519.
  4. «Ctenopharyngodon idella». Catalogue of Life. (anglès)
  5. Billard, R., 1997. Les poissons d'eau douce des rivières de France. Identification, inventaire et répartition des 83 espèces. Lausana, Delachaux & Niestlé, 192p.
  6. Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers. 388 p.
  7. 7,0 7,1 7,2 7,3 FishBase (anglès)
  8. FishBase (anglès)
  9. Andrews, S., 1985. Aquatic species introduced to Fiji. Domodomo 3(2):67-82.
  10. Skelton, P.H., 1993.
  11. Archarya, P. i M.B. Iftekhar, 2000. Freshwater ichthyofauna of Maharashtra State. p.136-144. A: Ponniah, A.G. i A. Gopalakrishnan (eds.). Endemic Fish Diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., Índia. 1, 347 p.
  12. Azeroual, A., A.J. Crivelli, A. Yahyaoui i M. Dakki, 2000. L'ichtyofaune des eaux continentales du Maroc. Cybium 24(Suppl. 3):17-22.
  13. Barriga, R., 1991. Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Información técnico-científica, Quito, Equador, Politécnica, XVI(3):7-88.
  14. Borbori, D.C., P.S. Economidis i E.G. Maurakis, 2001. Freshwater fish habitat science and management in Greece. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 4: 381-391.
  15. Chandrashekhariah, H.N., M.F. Rahman i S. Lakshmi Raghavan, 2000. Status of fish fauna in Karnataka. p. 98-135. A: Ponniah, A.G. i A. Gopalakrishnan (eds.). Endemic Fish Diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., l'Índia. 1, 347 p.
  16. Contreras-Balderas, S. i M.A. Escalante-C., 1984. Distribution and known impacts of exotic fishes in Mexico. p. 102-130. A: W.R. Courtenay, Jr. i J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds.) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Estats Units.
  17. Crossman, E.J., 1991. Introduced freshwater fishes: A review of the North American perspective with emphasis on Canada. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48 (Suppl. 1):46-57.
  18. De Moor, I.J. i M.N. Bruton, 1988. Atlas of alien and translocated indigenous aquatic animals in southern Africa. A report of the Committee for Nature Conservation Research National Programme for Ecosystem Research. South African Scientific Programmes Report Núm. 144. 310 p. Port Elizabeth, Sud-àfrica.
  19. Eccles, D.H., 1992. FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Tanzania. Prepared and published with the support of the United Nations Development Programme (project URT/87/016). FAO, Roma. 145 p.
  20. Eldredge, L.G., 1994. Freshwater fishes. p. 73-84. A: L.G. Eldredge, Perspectives in aquatic exotic species management in the Pacific Islands. Vol. 1. Introductions of commercially significant aquatic organisms to the Pacific Islands. South Pacific Commission, Nova Caledònia.
  21. Erdman, D.S., 1984. Exotic fishes in Puerto Rico. P. 162-176. A: W.R. Courtney, Jr. i J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds.) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Estats Units.
  22. Hugg, D.O., 1996. MAPFISH georeferenced mapping database. Freshwater and estuarine fishes of North America. Life Science Software. Dennis O. i Steven Hugg, 1278 Turkey Point Road, Edgewater, Maryland, Estats Units.
  23. Hwang, H.C., P.C. Yueh i S.F. Yu, 1982. The freshwater fishes of China in colored illustrations. Vol. 1 Shanghai Sciences and Technology Press, Xangai, Xina. 173 p.
  24. Juliano, R.O., R.D. Guerrero III i I. Ronquillo, 1989. The introduction of exotic aquatic species in the Philippines. p. 83-90. A: S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Filipines.
  25. Konstantinova, N.A., 1957. Some data on age and growth of Amur ide - Leuciscus waleckii Dybowski and grass carp - Ctenopharyngodon idella Valenciennes Trudy Amurskoi Ikhtiologicheskoi Ekspeditsii 1945-1949 gg. Vol. 4. P. 115-125.
  26. Liao, I.-C. i H.-C. Lia, 1989. Exotic aquatic species in Taiwan. p. 101-118. A: S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Filipines.
  27. López, H.L., R.C. Menni i A.M. Miguelarena, 1987. Lista de los peces de agua dulce de la Argentina. Biología Acuática Núm. 12, 50 p. (Instituto de Limnología "Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet").
  28. Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno i T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tòquio, Japó. 437 p.
  29. McDowall, R.M., 1990. Freshwater fishes and fisheries of New Zealand -The angler's el dorado. Aquat. Sci. 2(2):281-341.
  30. Mirza, M.R., 2002. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Pakistan. Department of Zoology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan.
  31. Mirza, M.R., 2003. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Pakistan. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (3): 1-30.
  32. Nijssen, H. i S.J. de Groot, 1974. Catalogue of fish species of the Netherlands. Beaufortia 21(285):173-207.
  33. Ojaveer, E., E. Pihu i T. Saat, 2003. Fishes of Estonia. Estonian Academy Publishers, Tallinn. 416 p.
  34. Page, L.M. i B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Estats Units. 432 p.
  35. Rema Devi, K. i T.J. Indra, 2000. Freshwater ichthyofaunal resources of Tamil Nadu. p. 77-97. A: Ponniah, A.G. i A. Gopalakrishnan. Endemic Fish Diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., l'Índia. 1, 347 p.
  36. Reshetnikov, Y.S., N.G. Bogutskaya, E.D. Vasil'eva, E.A. Dorofeeva, A.M. Naseka, O.A. Popova, K.A. Savvaitova, V.G. Sideleva i L.I. Sokolov, 1997. An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia. J. Ichthyol. 37(9): 687-736.
  37. Shaji, C.P., P.S. Easa i A. Gopalakrishnan, 2000. Freshwater fish diversity of Western Ghats. p. 33-35. A: Ponniah, A.G. i A. Gopalakrishnan. (eds.). Endemic Fish Diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., Índia. 1, 347 p.
  38. Shrestha, J., 1994. Fishes, fishing implements and methods of Nepal. Smt. M.D. Gupta, Lalitpur Colony, Lashkar (Gwalior), Índia. 150 p.
  39. Sinha, V.R.P. i M.V. Gupta, 1975. On the growth of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella Val. A: Composite fish culture at Kalyani, West Bengal (India). Aquaculture 5: 283-290.
  40. Stott, B., 1977. On the question of the introduction of the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val.) into the United Kingdom. Fisheries Management 8, 63-71.
  41. Suvatti, C., 1981. Fishes of Thailand. Royal Institute of Thailand, Bangkok. 379 p.
  42. Talwar, P.K. i A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volum 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  43. Vasil'eva, E.D., 2003. Main alterations in ichthyofauna of the largest rivers of the northern coast of the Black Sea in the last 50 years: A review Folia Zool. 52(4): 337-358.
  44. Yamamoto, M.N., 1992. Occurrence, distribution and abundance of accidentally introduced freshwater aquatic organisms in Hawaii. State of Hawaii, Federal Aid in Sportfish Restoration, Dingell-Johnson JOR. Freshwater Fisheries Research and Surveys, Project Núm. F-14-R-16.
  45. Zaniboni Filho, E., S. Meurer, O.A. Shibatta i A.P. de Oliverira Nuñer, 2004. Catálogo ilustrado de peixes do alto Rio Uruguai. Florianópolis: Editora da UFSC : Tractebel Energia. 128 p. : col. ill., col. maps; 25 cm.
  46. Frimodt, C., 1995. Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial coldwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, Anglaterra. 215 p.
  47. Kottelat, M., 2001. Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications Ltd., Colombo 5, Sri Lanka. 198 p.

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Anònim, 1997. Registres de peixos dins de la base de dades del Museu de la Secció de Vertebrats del Museu Reial de l'Àfrica Central. MRAC, Tervuren, Flandes, Bèlgica.
  • Anònim, 2001. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes.
  • Anònim, 2002. Base de dades de la col·lecció de peixos del American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, NY 10024-5192, Estats Units.
  • Chow, T., 1958. Growth characteristics of four species of pondfish in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Univ. Fish. J. 2:29-36.
  • Eschmeyer, William N.: Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. iii + 697. ISBN 0-940228-23-8. Any 1990.
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, Califòrnia, Estats Units. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts (Estats Units), 1997.
  • Kilambi, R.V. i A. Zdinak, 1981. Comparison of early developmental stages and adults of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, and hybrid carp (female grass carp x male bighead Aristichthys nobilis). J. Fish Biol. 19: 457-465.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall. Any 2000.
  • Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea i J.D. Williams, 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland, Estats Units.
  • Nelson, J.S. 2006: Fishes of the world. Quarta edició. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, Nova Jersey, Estats Units. 601 p.
  • Riede, K., 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Alemanya. 329 p.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1980. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174.
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea i W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p.
  • Shireman, J.V. i C.R. Smith, 1983. Synopsis of biological data on the grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1884). FAO Fish. Synop. Núm. 135, 86 p.
  • Vasil'ev, V.P., 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3): 1-38.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a. edició, Londres: Macdonald. Any 1985.
  • Zan, R. i Z. Song, 1979. Comparative analysis of karyotypes of Ctenopharyngodon idellus and Megalobrama amblycephala. Acta genet. sin. 6(2):205-210.

Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]