Puntius

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Puntius
Puntius conchonius
Puntius denisonii
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Subclasse: Neopterygii
Infraclasse: Teleostei
Ordre: Cypriniformes
Família: Cyprinidae
Gènere: Puntius
(Hamilton, 1822)[1]
Espècies

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Puntius lateristriga capturat al sud de Sumatra (Indonèsia).

Puntius és un gènere de peixos de la família dels ciprínids i de l'ordre dels cipriniformes.

Morfologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

La llargària màxima per a un exemplar adult d'aquest gènere és inferior als 25 cm, tot i que, normalment, és de 15, i moltes espècies només assoleixen els 5.[2]

Alimentació[modifica | modifica el codi]

Són omnívors: mengen petits invertebrats i matèria vegetal.[2]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Es troba a l'Àsia Sud-oriental, l'Índia, Sri Lanka i el riu Congo (Àfrica).[2]

Observacions[modifica | modifica el codi]

Són populars com a peixos d'aquari.[2]

Espècies[modifica | modifica el codi]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

  1. Hamilton, F. [Buchanan] 1822. An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. Edimburg & Londres. Fishes Ganges: i-vii + 1-405, Pls. 1-39.
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 2,3 www.zipcodezoo.com (anglès)
  3. Herre, A. W. C. T., 1924. Distribution of the true fresh-water fishes in the Philippines. I. The Philippine Cyprinidae. Philippine Journal of Science v. 24 (núm. 3): 249-307, Pls. 1-2.
  4. Day, F. 1869. Observations on Indian fishes. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 3): 580-585.
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 Cuvier, G. & A. Valenciennes, 1842. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome seizième. Livre dix-huitième. Les Cyprinoïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 16: i-xx + 1-472, Pls. 456-487.
  6. Vaillant, L. L. 1902. Résultats zoologiques de l'expédition scientifique Néerlandaise au Bornéo central. Poissons. Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1): 1-166, Pls. 1-2.
  7. Günther, A., 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae,... [thru]... Halosauridae, in the collection of the British Museum. Cat. Fishes v. 7: i-xx + 1-512.
  8. Day, F. 1878. The fishes of India; being a natural history of the fishes known to inhabit the seas and fresh waters of India, Burma, and Ceylon. Fishes India Part 4: i-xx + 553-779, Pls. 139-195.
  9. Jerdon, T. C. 1849. On the fresh-water fishes of southern India. (Continued from p. 149.). Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2): 302-346.
  10. Kottelat, M. & R. Pethiyagoda. 1989. Eine neue Barbenart von Sri Lanka. Puntius asoka spec. nov. Aquarien und Terrarien Zeitschrift v. 42 (núm. 8): 472-476.
  11. Linthoigambi, I. & W. Vishwanath, 2007. Two new fish species of the genus Puntius (Hamilton) (Cyprinidae) from Manipur, India, with notes on Puntius ticto (Hamilton) and Puntius stoliczkanus (Day). Zootaxa 1450: 45–56.
  12. Tirant, G. 1885. Notes sur les poissons de la Basse-Cochinchine et du Cambodge. Excursions et reconnaissances. Poiss. Basse-Cochinchine Cambodge v. 10: 91-198.
  13. Kottelat, M. & R. Pethiyagoda. 1991. Descriptions of three new species of cyprinid fishes from Sri Lanka. (Pp. 298-313, Appendix 1) A: R. Pethiyagoda, Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. Freshwater Fishes Sri Lanka.
  14. Day, A. L. 1914. Two new cyprinoid fishes of the genus Barbus from Lake Manguao, Palawan, P. I. Philippine Journal of Science v. 9 (Sect. D, núm. 2): 187-192, Pl. 1.
  15. 15,0 15,1 Bleeker, P. 1863. Description de quelques espèces nouvelles de Cyprinoïdes du Ceylon. Verslagen en mededeelingen. Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen (Netherlands). Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 15: 239-253.
  16. Cuvier, G. & A. Valenciennes, 1842. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome seizième. Livre dix-huitième. Les Cyprinoïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 16: i-xx + 1-472, Pls. 456-487.
  17. Day, F. 1878. The fishes of India; being a natural history of the fishes known to inhabit the seas and fresh waters of India, Burma, and Ceylon. Fishes India Part 4: i-xx + 553-779, Pls. 139-195.
  18. Fowler, H. W. 1934. Descriptions of new fishes obtained 1907 to 1910, chiefly in the Philippine Islands and adjacent seas. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933): 233-367.
  19. Menon, A. G. K., K. Rema Devi & M. P. Thobias. 1999. Puntius chalakkudiensis, a new colourful species of Puntius (family: Cyprinidae) fish from Kerala, south India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India v. 97 (núm. 4): 61-63.
  20. 20,0 20,1 20,2 Francis Buchanan-Hamilton, 1822. An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. Edimburg & Londres. Fishes Ganges: i-vii + 1-405, Pls. 1-39.
  21. Cockerell, T. D. A. 1913. Observations on fish scales. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 32 (for 1912): 117-174, Pls. 32-40.
  22. Francis Buchanan-Hamilton, 1822. An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. Edimburg & Londres. Fishes Ganges: i-vii + 1-405, Pls. 1-39.
  23. Yazdani, G. M. & D. F. Singh. 1994. Puntius crescentus, a new cyprinid fish from south India with observations on the taxonomic status of some related species. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 91 (pt 2): 107-109.
  24. Günther, A., 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae,... [thru]... Halosauridae, in the collection of the British Museum. Cat. Fishes v. 7: i-xx + 1-512.
  25. 25,0 25,1 25,2 25,3 Day, F. 1865. On the fishes of Cochin, on the Malabar Coast of India. Part II. Anacanthini. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London 1865 (pt 1): 286-318.
  26. Kullander, S.O. & Fang, F. 2005. Two New Species of Puntius from Northern Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Copeia, 2005 (2): 290–302.
  27. 27,0 27,1 Herre, A. W. C. T., 1932. Five new Philippine fishes. Copeia 1932 (núm. 3): 139-142.
  28. 28,0 28,1 Jerdon, T. C. 1849. On the fresh-water fishes of southern India. (Continued from p. 149.). Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2): 302-346.
  29. Ahl, E. 1923. Ichthyologische Mitteilungen. Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 56: 181-185.
  30. Ahl, E. 1929. Übersicht über die lebend eingeführten asiatischen Arten der Gattung Barbus. Teil 3. Das Aquarium Oct. 1929: 165-169.
  31. Roberts, T. R. 1989. The freshwater fishes of western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia). Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences Núm. 14: i-xii + 1-210.
  32. 32,0 32,1 32,2 Kullander, S.O. 2008. Five new species of Puntius from Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 19 (1): 59-84.
  33. 33,0 33,1 Boulenger, G. A., 1894. Descriptions of new freshwater fishes from Borneo. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 13 (núm. 75): 245-251.
  34. Pethiyagoda, R. & M. Kottelat, 2005. A review of the barbs of the Puntius filamentosus group (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) of southern India and Sri Lanka. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. 12: 127-144.
  35. Cuvier, G. & A. Valenciennes, 1844. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome dix-septième. Suite du livre dix-huitième. Cyprinoïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 17: i-xxiii + 1-497 + 2 pp., Pls. 487-519.
  36. 36,0 36,1 36,2 Herre, A. W. C. T., 1924. Distribution of the true fresh-water fishes in the Philippines. I. The Philippine Cyprinidae. Philippine Journal of Science v. 24 (núm. 3): 249-307, Pls. 1-2.
  37. Kottelat, M., 1982. A small collection of fresh-water fishes from Kalimantan, Borneo, with descriptions of one new genus and three new species of Cyprinidae. Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 89 (núm. 2): 419-437.
  38. Hora, S. L. & K. S. Misra. 1938. Fish of Deolali. Part III. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 40 (pt 1): 20-38, Pls. 1-3.
  39. Francis Buchanan-Hamilton, 1822. An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. Edimburg & Londres. Fishes Ganges: i-vii + 1-405, Pls. 1-39.
  40. 40,0 40,1 Kottelat, M., 1996. The identity of Puntius eugrammus and diagnoses of two new species of striped barbs (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from southeast Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 44 (núm. 1): 301-316.
  41. Day, F. 1869. Observations on Indian fishes. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 3): 580-585.
  42. Jordan, D. S. & R. E. Richardson. 1908. Fishes from islands of the Philippine Archipelago. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 27 (for 1907): 233-287.
  43. Weber, M. & L. F. de Beaufort. 1912. "Fische". Maass, "Durch Zentral. Sumatra" v. 2: 522-541, Pls. 11-12.
  44. Fowler, H. W. 1958. Some new taxonomic names of fishlike vertebrates. Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) Núm. 310: 1-16.
  45. Day, F. 1870. Notes on some fishes from the western coast of India. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London 1870 (pt 2): 369-374 [1-6].
  46. Silva, A., Maduwage, K. & Pethiyagoda, R. 2008. Puntius kamalika, a new species of barb from Sri Lanka (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa, 1824: 55-64.
  47. Arunachalam, M. & J. A. Johnson. 2003. A new species of Puntius (Hamilton) (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu, India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. v. 99 (núm. 3) [for 2002]: 474-480.
  48. Pethiyagoda R., A. Silva, K. Maduwage & M. Meegaskumbura. 2008. Puntius kelumi, a new species of cyprinid fish from Sri Lanka (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters, Vol. 19, Núm. 3, pp. 201-214.
  49. Linthoigambi, I & W Vishwanath, 2007. Two new fish species of the genus Puntius (Hamilton) (Cyprinidae) from Manipur, India, with notes on Puntius ticto (Hamilton) and Puntius stoliczkanus (Day). Zootaxa 1450: 45–56.
  50. Herre, A. W. C. T., 1940. New species of fishes from the Malay Peninsula and Borneo. Bulletin of the Raffles Museum Núm. 16: 5-26, Pls. 1-20.
  51. 51,0 51,1 Herre, A. W. C. T., 1924. Distribution of the true fresh-water fishes in the Philippines. I. The Philippine Cyprinidae. Philippine Journal of Science v. 24 (núm. 3): 249-307, Pls. 1-2.
  52. Duncker, G. 1904. Die Fische der malayischen Halbinsel. Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg v. 21: 133-207, Pls. 1-2.
  53. Cuvier, G. & A. Valenciennes, 1844. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome dix-septième. Suite du livre dix-huitième. Cyprinoïdes. Hist. Nat. Poiss. v. 17: i-xxiii + 1-497 + 2 pp., Pls. 487-519.
  54. Day, A. L. 1914. Two new cyprinoid fishes of the genus Barbus from Lake Manguao, Palawan, P. I. Philippine Journal of Science v. 9 (Sect. D, núm. 2): 187-192, Pl. 1.
  55. Menon, A. G. K., K. Rema Devi & W. Vishwanath 2000. A new species of Puntius (Cyprinidae: Cyprininae) from Manipur, India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. v. 97 (núm. 2): 263-268.
  56. Kottelat, M. & R. Pethiyagoda. 1991. Descriptions of three new species of cyprinid fishes from Sri Lanka. (Pp. 298-313, Appendix 1) A: R. Pethiyagoda, Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. Freshwater Fishes Sri Lanka.
  57. 57,0 57,1 Arunkumar, L. & H. T. Singh. 2003. Two new species of puntiid fish from the Yu River system of Manipur. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. v. 99 (núm. 3) [for 2002]: 481-487.
  58. Günther, A., 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae,... [thru]... Halosauridae, in the collection of the British Museum. Cat. Fishes v. 7: i-xx + 1-512.
  59. Arunkumar, L. & H. Tombi Singh. 1998. Puntius morehensis, a new species of cyprinid fish (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from the Yu-River system of Manipur, India. Journal of Nature Conserv. v. 10 (núm. 2): 253-257.
  60. Menon, A. G. K. & K. Rema Devi. 1992. Puntius mudumalaiensis, a new cyprinid fish from Mudumalai, Tamil Nadu. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 89 (pt 2): 229-231.
  61. Jameela Beevi, K. S. & A. Ramachandran. 2005. A new species of Puntius (Cyprinidae, Cyprininae) from Kerala, India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. v. 102 (núm. 1): 83-85.
  62. Jayaram, K. C. 1990. Two new species of the genus Puntius (Hamilton) (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 87 (pt 1): 106-109.
  63. Kullander, S.O. 2008. Five new species of Puntius from Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 19 (1): 59-84.
  64. Hora, S. L. 1937. Notes on fishes in the Indian Museum. XXVIII. On three collections of fish from Mysore and Coorg, south India. Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 39 (pt 1): 5-28.
  65. Günther, A., 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae,... [thru]... Halosauridae, in the collection of the British Museum. Cat. Fishes v. 7: i-xx + 1-512.
  66. Fowler, H. W. 1949. Results of the two Carpenter African expeditions, 1946-1948. Pt. II--The fishes. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 101: 233-275.
  67. Bleeker, P. 1853. Diagnostische beschrijvingen van nieuwe of weinig bekende vischsoorten van Sumatra. Tiental V-X. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlands Indië v. 4: 243-302.
  68. Raj, B. S. 1941. Two new Cyprinid fishes from Travancore, South India, with remarks on Barbus (Puntius) micropogon Cuv. and Val. Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 43 (pt 3): 375-386.
  69. Vishwanath, W. & J. Laisram. 2004. Two new species of Puntius Hamilton-Buchanan (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Manipur, India, with an account of Puntius species from the state. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. v. 101 (núm. 1): 130-137.
  70. Kullander, S.O. & Britz, R. 2008. Puntius padamya, a new species of Cyprinid fish from Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Electronic Journal of Ichthyology, 4 (2): 56 - 66.
  71. Fowler, H. W. 1934. Zoological results of the third De Schauensee Siamese Expedition, Part V.--Additional fishes. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86: 335-352.
  72. Wang, Y.-H. & Y. Ni. 1982. On a new cyprinid fish of the genus Puntius (Hamilton) from Hainan Island, China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 7 (núm. 3): 329-331.
  73. Francis Buchanan-Hamilton, 1822. An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. Edimburg & Londres. Fishes Ganges: i-vii + 1-405, Pls. 1-39.
  74. Mercy, A. & Eapen J. 2007. A new species of Teleostei : Puntius Poodokensis (Cyprinidae) from Wayanad, Kerala, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, Vol.104(1) : 76-78 pp.
  75. Kullander, S.O. 2008. Five new species of Puntius from Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 19 (1): 59-84.
  76. Day, F. 1865. On the fishes of Cochin, on the Malabar Coast of India. Part II. Anacanthini. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London 1865 (pt 1): 286-318.
  77. Day, F. 1871. Monograph of Indian Cyprinidae. Parts 1-3. Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 40 (pt 2, núm. 1-4): 95-142, 277-367, 337-367, Pls. 9, 21-23.
  78. Meegaskumbura, M., Silva, A., Maduwage, K. & Pethiyagoda, R. 2008. Puntius reval, a new barb from Sri Lanka (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 19 (2): 141-152.
  79. Kottelat, M., 2000. Diagnoses of a new genus and 64 new species of fishes from Laos (Teleostei: Cyprinidae, Balitoridae, Bagridae, Syngnathidae, Chaudhuriidae and Tetraodontidae). J. South Asian Nat. Hist. v. 5 (núm. 1): 37-82.
  80. Koumans, F. P. 1940. On a new species of Puntius from Borneo. Temminckia, Leiden v. 5: 189-190.
  81. Silas, E. G. 1953. Notes on fishes from Mahableshwar and Wai (Satara district, Bombay state). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 51 (pt 3): 579-589, Pl. 1.
  82. Boulenger, G. A., 1893. List of the fishes collected by Mr. E. W. Oates in the southern Shan States, and presented by him to the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 12 (núm. 69): 198-203.
  83. Herre, A. W. C. T., 1933. A check list of fishes from Sandakan, British North Borneo. Journal of the Pan-Pacific Research Institute v. 8 (núm. 4): 2-5.
  84. Günther, A., 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae,... (thru)... Halosauridae, in the collection of the British Museum. Cat. Fishes v. 7: i-xx + 1-512.
  85. Chhapgar, B. F. & S. R. Sane. 1993. A new fish of the genus Puntius Hamilton (Ostariophysi: Cyprinidae) from Goa. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 89 (pt 3) [1992]: 357-359.
  86. Yazdani, G. M. & Talukdar. 1975. A new species of Puntius (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Khasi and Jaintia Hills (Meghalaya), India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 72 (pt 1): 218-221.
  87. Menon, A. G. K. & K. Rema Devi. 1993. Puntius sharmai, a new cyprinid fish from Madras. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 89 (pr 3) [1992]: 353-354.
  88. Günther, A., 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae,... [thru]... Halosauridae, in the collection of the British Museum. Cat. Fishes v. 7: i-xx + 1-512.
  89. Fowler, H. W. 1934. Zoological results of the third De Schauensee Siamese Expedition, Part I.--Fishes. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86: 67-163, Pl. 12.
  90. Senanayake, F. R. 1985. Barbus srilankensis, a new species of cyprinid fish from Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences) v. 15 (núms. 1-2) [1982]: 165-172.
  91. Mai, D. Y. 1978. Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam. Ha Noi, Scientific & Technology, Publisher. Freshwater Fish Vietnam v. 1: 1-340, Pls. 1-48.
  92. Bleeker, P. 1855. Nalezingen op de vischfauna van Sumatra. Visschen van Lahat en Sibogha. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlands Indië v. 9: 257-280.
  93. Kullander, S.O. & Fang, F. 2005. Two New Species of Puntius from Northern Myanmar (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Copeia, 2005 (2): 290–302.
  94. Francis Buchanan-Hamilton, 1822. An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. Edimburg & Londres. Fishes Ganges: i-vii + 1-405, Pls. 1-39.
  95. Deraniyagala, P. E. P. 1929. Two new freshwater fishes. Ceylon Journal of Science Section B Zoology. v. 15 (pt 2): 73-77, Pls. 21-22.
  96. Day, F. 1872. Monograph of Indian Cyprinidae. Parts 4-6. Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 41 (pt 2, núms. 1-4): 1-29, 171-198; 318-326, Pl. 1.
  97. BioLib (anglès)
  98. AQUATAB.NET
  99. FishBase (anglès)
  100. Catalogue of Life (anglès)
  101. NCBI (anglès)
  102. The Taxonomicon (anglès)
  103. UNEP-WCMC Species Database (anglès)
  104. Discover Life (anglès)
  105. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (anglès)
  106. ITIS (anglès)

Bibliografia[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Eschmeyer, William N.: Genera of Recent Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco (Califòrnia), Estats Units. iii + 697. ISBN 0-940228-23-8 (1990).
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts (Estats Units), 1997.
  • Lambert, Derek J.: Freshwater Aquarium Fish. Chartwell Books, Edison, Nova Jersey, Estats Units. Any 1997. ISBN 0-7858-0867-1.
  • Mills, Dick: The Bumper Book of Tropical Aquarium Fishes (2a. edició). Interpet Publishing. Any 2002. ISBN 1842860747.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall. Any 2000.
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3a. edició. Nova York, Estats Units: John Wiley and Sons. Any 1994.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a. edició, Londres: Macdonald. Any 1985.

Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]