Channa

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Channa
Channa argus
Channa amphibeus
Classificació científica
Regne: Animalia
Fílum: Chordata
Classe: Actinopterygii
Subclasse: Neopterygii
Infraclasse: Teleostei
Superordre: Acanthopterygii
Ordre: Perciformes
Subordre: Channoidei
Família: Channidae
[1]
Gènere: Channa
(Scopoli, 1777)[2][3]
Distribució geogràfica
Distribució geogràfica
Espècies

(Llegiu el text)

Channa bankanensis (il·lustració del 1878)
Channa barca (il·lustració del 1889)
Channa cyanospilos (il·lustració del 1878)
Channa sp
Channa striata (il·lustració del 1897)
Channa sp.
Channa orientalis (il·lustració del 1889)
Channa sp

Channa és un gènere de peixos de la família dels cànnids i de l'ordre dels perciformes.[4]

Etimologia[modifica | modifica el codi]

Del grec channe, -es (anxova).[5]

Descripció[modifica | modifica el codi]

  • Aletes dorsal i anal allargades i toves. Aleta caudal arrodonida.
  • Les escates de cap són principalment cicloïdals i les del cos ctenoides.
  • Línia lateral corbada.
  • Presència d'un òrgan respiratori accessori i suprafaringi, el qual serveix per respirar aire.[6]

Alimentació[modifica | modifica el codi]

Mengen peixos, granotes, serps, rosegadors, aus i insectes.[7]

Reproducció[modifica | modifica el codi]

Són ovípars[8] i en Channa striata i Channa punctata pot tindre lloc durant tot l'any, mentre que en Channa argus s'esdevé cinc vegades al llarg de l'any.[9][10]

Distribució geogràfica[modifica | modifica el codi]

Són autòctons del sud d'Àsia: des del sud-est de l'Iran i l'est de l'Afganistan[11] fins al Pakistan,[12][13][14][15] l'Índia (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh,[16] Assam, Bihar, Chandigar, Chhattisgarh, Dadra i Nagar Haveli, Daman i Diu, el districte de Darjeeling, el Territori de la Capital Nacional de Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu i Caixmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka,[17][18] Kerala,[19][20] Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra,[21][22] el districte de Mahe, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Orissa, Pondicherry, Panjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu,[23] Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bengala Occidental i el districte de Yanam),[6][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32] Sri Lanka,[33] el sud del Nepal,[34][35] Bhutan,[36] Bangladesh,[37][38][39][40] Birmània,[41][42] Tailàndia,[43][44][45][46] Laos,[47][48][49][50][51] Malàisia (Sabah, Sarawak[52] i la part continental),[53][54][55] Indonèsia -com ara, Sumatra,[56][57] Java, Borneo[58] i Sulawesi-,[59][60] les illes Filipines,[61][62][63][64][65][66] el Vietnam,[50][67] Cambodja,[68][69] la península de Corea,[70][71] la Xina (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Yunnan i Hong Kong),[72][73][74][75] Taiwan[76][77][78] i Sibèria,[79][80][81][82] incloent-hi l'Himàlaia[83] i les conques del llac Inle i dels rius Brahmaputra, Mekong,[84][85][86] Chao Phraya i Iang-Tsé.[87][88][89][90][91][92][9][93][94][95][96]

Introduccions[modifica | modifica el codi]

Així mateix, hi ha informes que diverses espècies han estat introduïdes en alguns estats dels Estats Units: Califòrnia (Channa argus), Florida (Channa marulius i Channa argus), Hawaii (Channa maculata), Maine (Channa micropeltes), Maryland (Channa argus), Massachusetts (Channa argus i Channa micropeltes), Carolina del Nord (Channa argus), Rhode Island (Channa micropeltes) i Wisconsin (Channa micropeltes).[10]

Espècies[modifica | modifica el codi]

Estat de conservació[modifica | modifica el codi]

Channa amphibeus, Channa asiatica, Channa aurantimaculata, Channa barca, Channa bleheri, Channa burmanica, Channa diplogramme, Channa gachua, Channa harcourtbutleri, Channa lucius, Channa maculata, Channa marulioides, Channa marulius, Channa melasoma, Channa micropeltes, Channa ornatipinnis, Channa panaw, Channa pulchra, Channa punctata, Channa stewartii i Channa striata apareixen a la Llista Vermella de la UICN.[149]

Observacions[modifica | modifica el codi]

Algunes espècies formen part del comerç internacional de peixos d'aquari i com a aliments de primera necessitat[150] a Tailàndia, Cambodja, el Vietnam i d'altres països del sud-est asiàtic on són objecte de cultiu. A més, també són emprades com a teràpia per a la curació de ferides, el malestar i el dolor postoperatori.[7]

Referències[modifica | modifica el codi]

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Enllaços externs[modifica | modifica el codi]